This book investigates sociological, demographic and geographic aspects of aging in rural and nonmetropolitan areas of the United States. Population aging is one of the most important trends of the 20th and 21st centuries, and it is occurring worldwide, especially in more developed countries such as the United States. Population aging is more rapid in rural than urban areas of the U.S. In 2010, 15 percent of the nonmetropolitan compared to 12 percent of the metropolitan population were 65 years of age and older. By definition rural communities have smaller sized populations, and more limited healthcare, transportation and other aging-relevant services than do urban areas. It is thus especially important to study and understand aging in rural environments. Rural Aging in 21st Century America contributes evidence-based, policy-relevant information on rural aging in the U.S. A primary objective of the book is to improve understanding of what makes the experience of rural aging different from aging in urban areas and to increase understanding of the aged change the nature of rural places. The book addresses unique features of rural aging across economic, racial/ethnic, migration and other structures and patterns, all with a focus on debunking myths about rural aging and to emphasize opportunities and challenges that rural places and older people experience.
1: Introduction to Rural Aging in 21st Century America: Nina Glasgow and E. Helen Berry.- Part I: Overview of the Rural Elderly Population.- 2:Demography of Rural Aging: E. Helen Berry and Annabel Kirschner.- 3: The Geography of Rural Aging in a Regional Context, 19902008: Peter B. Nelson.- Part II: Economic Inequalities.- 4: Aging and Economic Well-Being in Rural America: Exploring Income and Employment Challenges: Tim Slack and Tracey E. Rizzuto.- 5: Baby Boomers' Impact on Work Force and Tax Issues in the Great Plains: Richard Rathge, Justin Garosi and Karen Olson.- Part III: Race/Ethnic Inequalities: 6: Place and Race: Health of African Americans in Nonmetropolitan Areas: Marlene Lee and Joachim Singelmann.- 7: Latino Elderly in Nonmetropolitan America: Rogelio Saenz, Amber Fox and San Juanita Garcia.- 8: Elderly Asian Americans in the Nonmetropolitan and Rural United States: Dudley L. Poston, Yu-Ting Chang and Lei He.- 9: Aging on Indian Reservations: The Ugly, the Bad, and the Good: Gundars Rudzitis, Nicolas Barbier and Diane Mallickan.- Part IV: Rural Institutional and Community Structures: 10: Health and Healthcare among the Rural Aging: Lois Wright Morton and Chih-Yuan Weng.- 11: Rural Long-term Care and Informal Caregiving: Nan E. Johnson.- 12: Aging Populations and Rural Places: Impacts on and Innovations in Land Use Planning: Kathryn Brasier, Anouk Patel-Campillo and Jill Findeis.- 13: Volunteerism and Social Entrepreneurship among Older In-Migrants to Rural Areas: Nina Glasgow, Hosik Min and David L. Brown.- 14: Intergenerational Relationships and Rural Return Migration: Christiane von Reichert, John B. Cromartie and Ryan O. Arthun.- Part V: Older Rural Migration and Aging-in-Place: 15: Rural Retirement Destinations: Natural Decrease and the Shared Demographic Destinies of Elderly and Hispanics: Kenneth M. Johnson and Daniel T. Lichter.- 16: Comparisons across Three Race/Ethnic Groups in Rural Retirement Counties: Glenn V. Fuguitt.- 17: Retirement Migration to Unconventional Places: Benjamin C. Bolender and László J. Kulcsár.- 18: Elderly Immigrants in Rural America: Trends and Characteristics: Douglas T. Gurak and Mary M. Kritz.- Part VI: Conclusions and Policy Recommendations:19: Conclusions and Policy Implications for Aging in Rural Places: E. Helen Berry and Nina Glasgow.