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Licensing Theory and French Parasitic Gaps

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 232 Seiten
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The study of parasitic gap constructions (e. g. these are the reports; which you corrected _; before filing _i) has been a very li... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

The study of parasitic gap constructions (e. g. these are the reports; which you corrected _; before filing _i) has been a very lively area of research over the last decade. The impetus behind this lies mostly in the margi nality of the construction. Clearly, the intuitions that native speakers have about parasitic gaps do not stem from direct instruction; hence, it is reasoned, such knowledge follows from the restrictions imposed by Universal Grammar. Furthermore, it is unlikely that any principle of Universal Grammar refers specifically to parasitic gap constructions; their syntactic and interpretive properties must instead follow entirely from independent principles. My own interest in the phenomenon was sparked a few years ago, when, in a novel, I came across a sentence like the following: Chait un armateur; dont Ie prestige _; reposait largement sur la fortune _;, 'he was a shipbuilder of whom the prestige was largely based on the wealth'. As the indices indicate, the interpretation of the French sentence is un ambiguous: both the prestige and the wealth necessarily pertain to the same individual. In this aspect, the sentence much resembles the English parasitic gap construction above: in the former case too, the comple ments of correct and file must corefer with the noun phrase heading the relative (the reports). Yet, there is an important difference between the two constructions. Verbs like correct and file subcategorize their com plements.

Inhalt

1 /Theoretical Background.- 1.1. Government-Binding Theory.- 1.1.1. X-Bar Theory.- 1.1.2. ?-Theory.- 1.1.3. Case Theory.- 1.1.4. Binding Theory.- 1.1.5. Control Theory.- 1.1.6. Bounding Theory.- 1.1.6.1. Bounding Nodes.- 1.1.6.2. Barriers.- 1.1.7. Government Theory.- 1.1.7.1. Disjunctive ECP.- 1.1.7.2. Conjunctive ECP.- 1.2. Parasitic Gaps.- Notes.- 2 / Universal Licensing.- 2.0. Introduction.- 2.1. Licensing.- 2.1.1. Full Interpretation.- 2.1.2. Universal Licensing.- 2.1.3. Full Interpretation at D-Structure.- 2.2. Licensing at D-Structure.- 2.2.1. Predication.- 2.2.1.1. Null Predicates.- 2.2.1.2. Adjunct Null Operators.- 2.2.2. Quantification.- 2.2.2.1. Operators in [Spec, CP].- 2.2.2.2. Base-generated Wh-constructions.- 2.2.2.3. Resumptive Pronouns within Questions and Relatives.- 2.2.2.4. Types of Resumptive Pronouns and the Wh/ Relative Asymmetry.- 2.2.2.4.1. Vata.- 2.2.2.4.2. Modern Hebrew.- 2.2.2.4.3. Standard Arabic.- 2.2.2.4.4. Hausa.- 2.3. Licensing at S-Structure: Null Operators.- 2.3.1. Parasitic Gaps.- 2.3.2. Null Operator Constructions in English and French.- 2.3.3. Null Topics.- 2.4. Universal Licensing and Parasitic Gaps.- 2.5. Summary.- Notes.- 3 / Double Dont Constructions.- 3.0. Introduction.- 3.1. Genitival Relatives.- 3.1.1. Dont as a Case-Marked C0.- 3.1.2. Dont Relatives and the Subject Condition.- 3.2. Non-Movement Relatives With Dont.- 3.3. Double Constructions with Dont.- 3.3.1. The Problem.- 3.3.2. Adnominal Complements and the Projection Principle.- 3.4. Identifying the Gaps.- 3.4.1. Adnominal Gaps Are Not Anaphoric.- 3.4.2. pro or Variable?.- 3.4.2.1. pro in French: Orphan Prepositions.- 3.4.2.2. Adnominal Gaps Are Not pro.- 3.4.2.3. Adnominal Gaps Are Variables.- 3.4.3. Problems With Multiple Extraction.- 3.5. Summary.- Notes.- 4/Null Operators In DPs.- 4.0. Introduction.- 4.1. Null Operators in Noun Phrases at S-Structure.- 4.1.1. DDCs Are Parasitic Gap Constructions.- 4.1.1.1. Syntactic A?-Movement.- 4.1.1.2. C-command from the Binder.- 4.1.1.3. Anti-c-command and Locality.- 4.1.2. [Spec, CP) as an A?-Position.- 4.2. Null Operators in Noun Phrases at D-Structure.- 4.2.1. The Thematic Structure of Nominals.- 4.2.2. Arguments and Adjuncts in DDCs.- 4.2.3. Relational Nouns and Possessor Arguments.- 4.2.3.1. Generic Contexts.- 4.2.3.2. Determiner Types.- 4.3. Easy-Type Constructions in Noun Phrases: Inalienable Possession.- 4.4. Summary.- Notes.- 5 / Locality In Double Dont Constructions.- 5.0. Introduction.- 5.1. Two Chain Approaches to External Locality.- 5.1.1. Chain Composition.- 5.1.2. Chain Formation.- 5.2. DDCs and Chain Composition.- 5.2.1. Adnominal Gaps Within PPs.- 5.2.2. Adjunct Clauses.- 5.2.3. Adnominal PGs in Embedded Clauses.- 5.3. Deriving the Properties of PG Constructions.- Notes.- References.- Index Of Names.- Index Of Subjects.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Licensing Theory and French Parasitic Gaps
Autor:
EAN: 9780792313236
ISBN: 0792313232
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Genre: Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaften
Anzahl Seiten: 232
Gewicht: 357g
Größe: H235mm x B155mm x T12mm
Jahr: 1991
Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1991

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