Stratigraphy has come to be indispensable to nearly all branches of the earth sciences, assisting such endeavors as charting the ...
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Stratigraphy has come to be indispensable to nearly all branches of the earth sciences, assisting such endeavors as charting the course of evolution, understanding ancient ecosystems, and furnishing data pivotal to finding strategic mineral resources. This book focuses on traditional and innovative stratigraphy techniques and how these can be used to reconstruct the geological history of sedimentary basins and in solving manifold geological problems and phenomena. Zusammenfassung Few, if any, fundamental disciplines in the earth sciences have seen so many dramatic changes and developments as stratigraphy. The discipline has come to be applied progressively, and indispensably, to nearly all branches of the earth sciences, including such endeavors as charting the course and complexities of life evolution through time, understanding how ancient ecosystems developed and operated, and furnishing data pivotal to exploration and exploitation of strategic mineral resources. This book aims to incorporate major aspects and essential elements underpinning the modern applications and perspectives of stratigraphy. It focuses on traditional and innovative techniques and how these can be utilized in reconstructing the geological history of sedimentary basins and in solving manifold geological problems and phenomena. Each chapter summarizes contributions by leading researchers in the field. It is hoped that this book will provide the reader with key insights into all these aspects and applications. Inhalt Part I: Evolution of a Concept. 1 Stratigraphy: Evolution of a Concept ; Eduardo A.M. Koutsoukos Part II: The Search for Patterns: Ordering the Framework. 2 Buried Time: Chronostratigraphy as a Research Tool; Marie Pierre Aubry and John Van Couvering 3 Ecostratigraphy's Basis, using Silurian and Devonian examples, with consideration of the Biogeographic Complication; Arthur J. Boucot 4 Devonian Palynostratigraphy in Western Gondwana; Stanislas Loboziak, José Henrique G. Melo and Maurice Streel 5 Carboniferous and Permian Palynostratigraphy; Geoffrey Playford and Rodolfo Dino 6 Biostratigraphy of the Non-marine Triassic: Is a Global Correlation based on Tetrapod Faunas possible? Cesar L. Schultz 7 The K-T Boundary; Eduardo A. M. Koutsoukos Part III: The Search for Clues: Analyzing and Sequencing the Record. 8 Chemostratigraphy; René Rodrigues 9 Palaeobotany and Palaeoclimatology: Part I: Growth Rings in Fossil Woods; Laureen S.R. Alves and Margot Guerra-Sommer Part II: Leaf Assemblages; Tânia L. Dutra 10 Palynofacies Analysis and its Stratigraphic Application ; David J. Batten and Darrin Stead 11 Sequence Biostratigraphy; Hillary C. Olsson and Peter Thompson 12 Taphonomy Overview of Main Concepts and Applications to Sequence Stratigraphic Analysis; Michael Holz and Marcello G. Simões 13 Significance of Ichnofossils to Applied Stratigraphy; George Pemberton and James A. MacEachern 14 Cyclostratigraphy; Martin A. Perlmutter and Nilo C. de Azambuja Filho 15 The Role and Value of 'Biosteering' in Hydrocarbon Reservoir Exploitation;Robert W. Jones, Stephen Lowe, Paul Milner, Peter Heavey, Simon Payne and David Ewen Part IV: Modelling the Record. 16 Quantitative Methods for Applied Microfossil Biostratigraphy; Felix M. Gradstein