eBook (pdf), 411 Nombre de pages
Climate change is reshaping the planet, its ecosystems, and the evolution of human societies. Related impacts and disasters are triggering significant shifts in the inextricably interconnected human and ecological systems with unprecedented potential implications. These shifts not only threaten survival at species and community levels, but are also emerging drivers of conflicts, human insecurity, and displacement both within and across national borders. Taking these shifting dynamics into account, particularly in the Anthropocene era, this book provides an analysis of the climate-conflict-migration nexus from human security and resilience perspectives. The core approach of the volume consists of unpacking the key dynamics of the nexus between climate change, conflict, and displacement and exploring the various local and global response mechanisms to address the nexus, assess their effectiveness, and identify their implications for the nexus itself. It includes both conceptual research and empirical studies reporting lessons learned from many geographical, environmental, social, and policy settings.
Dr. Mohamed Behnassi is a Full Professor at the College of Law, Economics, and Social Sciences of Agadir, Ibn Zohr University, Morocco. He is a Senior Researcher of international law and politics of environment and human security. He holds a PhD in International Environmental Law and Governance from Hassan II University of Casablanca, 2003, a Diploma in International Environmental Law and Diplomacy from the University of Eastern Finland and UNEP, 2015. He is also an Alumnus of the International Visitors Leadership Program of the Department of State, United States of America. Dr. Behnassi is currently the Founding Director of the Center for Environment, Human Security and Governance (CERES) Former North-South Center for Social Sciences (NRCS). From 2015 to 2018, he was the Director of the Research Laboratory for Territorial Governance, Human Security and Sustainability (LAGOS) and Head of the Public Law Department, College of Law, Economics, and Social Sciences of Agadir. Recently, he was appointed as Expert Evaluator for the National Center for Scientific and Technical Research (CNRST/Morocco), and selected as Expert by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) and the Mediterranean Experts on Climate and Environmental Change (MEDECC) to take part in global and regional assessments, respectively. Accordingly, he was among the Lead Authors of the 1st Assessment Report (MAR1): Climate and Environmental Change in the Mediterranean Basin - Current Situation and Risks for the Future (MEDECC, 2021). Dr. Behnassi has published considerable number of scientific papers and book chapters in addition to 17 books, including recent ones on: Social-Ecological Systems in the Era of Risks and Insecurity - Pathways to Viability and Resilience (Springer, 2021); Building Resilience for Food and Water Security Face to Climate Change and Biodiversity Decline - Perspectives from Asia, Middle-East and Africa (Springer, 2021); and Human and Environmental Security in the Era of Global Risks (Springer International Publishing, 2019). Dr. Behnassi organized as well many international conferences covering the above research areas, managed many research and expertise projects, and is regularly requested to provide scientific expertise nationally and internationally. Other professional activities include social compliance auditing and consultancy by monitoring human rights at work and the sustainability of the global supply chain.
Dr. Himangana Gupta is a JSPS-UNU Postdoctoral Fellow at the United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS) and the University of Tokyo, Japan. She received her doctorate in Environment Science from Panjab University, India in 2015. She has worked on climate change and biodiversity policy and diplomacy, and is currently working on linkages between biodiversity, climate, and communities in socio-ecological production landscapes. Before this, she was a part of the National Communication Cell (NATCOM) of the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. She contributed to India's Second Biennial Update Report and several other publications of the Ministry. She is a Certified Expert in Climate Adaptation Finance. She is a University Gold Medallist and recipient of Academic Excellence Award. She has published three edited books with Springer and has also written research papers in reputed international and national journals on climate policy, forestry, biodiversity, and women in climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Fred Kruidbos is a (population) biologist specialized in animal ecology. He is an independent researcher and the director of K-SN Ecological Services B.V. Based in the Netherlands, this company operates worldwide and consists of three branches focused on: (i) ecological research and consultancy, (ii) ecological products, and (iii) ecological safety and security services. This setup makes it possible to study problems from a multidimensional approach facilitating more holistic solutions. Mr. Kruidbos studied at the prestigious Wageningen University (population biology) and Fontys University of Applied Science Tilburg (teacher training). During and after his studies, he conducted research on various prey-predator and host-vector related studies. His current research is pragmatic in nature and focuses mainly on the interface between spatial planning and nature conservation. Recently expanded with safety and security issues of which his contributions to this book are an example. In addition to being a biologist, Mr. Kruidbos is a Sr. Operational advisor attached to the Dutch army. During his military service (compulsory in the Netherlands at the time) he was trained with the Dutch Special Forces and completed his operational period as a team me...
Foreword 1: Climate Change or Climate Disruption? (Tom Middendorp)
Foreword 2: Tackling Climate-Related Distress, Conflict and Displacement is the Need of the Hour (Dr. Rajib Shaw)
Foreword 3: Sea Ice, Marine Ecosystems and Climate in the Arctic's Bering Sea: A Subsistence Marine Mammal Hunters' Roadmap for Research and Policy (George Noongwook)
Chapter 1. The Climate-Conflict-Displacement Nexus from a Human Security Perspective An Introduction (Mohamed Behnassi et al)
Chapter 2. Climate-Conflict-Migration Nexus: An Assessment of Research Trends Based on a Bibliometric Analysis (Neeraj Kumar Singh and Himangana Gupta)
Chapter 3. Climate Change Response Mechanisms and the Risk of Increasing Vulnerability: Conceptual Background and Pathways of Change (Mohamed Behnassi et al)
Chapter 4. While Carbon Burns: The Debatable Journey of 'Environmental Refugee' as a Concept and Legal Dilemma (Ramy Magdy and Mai Yasser)
Chapter 5. Looking Ahead: A Human Security Perspective to Tackling the Potential for Widespread Environmental Migration in Latin America (Becca Andrasko)
Chapter 6. Environmental Migration in the MENA Region: The Case of Morocco (Carla Sofia Ferreira Fernandes and Fátima Alves)
Chapter 7. The Environment-Climate-Conflict-Displacement Nexus in the Arab Region: Implications and Recommended Actions (Elhoucine Chougrani and Mohamed Behnassi)
Chapter 8. The Changing Dynamics of the Arctic Ecosystem and Food Security: The Case of the Bering Sea Region (Anita Parlow)
Chapter 9. Arctic Geopolitics, Cross-Boundary Soft-Power, Ecosystem Protection, and Human Security in the Bering Sea and Strait (Anita Parlow)
Chapter 10. Decolonization, Food Sovereignty, and Climate Risks: The Case of St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea, Arctic (Anita Parlow)
Chapter 11. Spatial Distribution and Geosimulation of Non-Timber Forest Products for Food Security…