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Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability

  • Fester Einband
  • 141 Seiten
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Beschreibung

For a brief time in history, it was possible to imagine that a sufficiently advanced intellect could, given sufficient time and resources, in principle understand how to mathematically prove everything that was true. They could discern what math corresponds to physical laws, and use those laws to predict anything that happens before it happens. That time has passed. Gödel's undecidability results (the incompleteness theorems), Turing's proof of non-computable values, the formulation of quantum theory, chaos, and other developments over the past century have shown that there are rigorous arguments limiting what we can prove, compute, and predict. While some connections between these results have come to light, many remain obscure, and the implications are unclear. Are there, for example, real consequences for physics including quantum mechanics of undecidability and non-computability? Are there implications for our understanding of the relations between agency, intelligence, mind, and the physical world?

This book, based on the winning essays from the annual FQXi competition, contains ten explorations of Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability. The contributions abound with connections, implications, and speculations while undertaking rigorous but bold and open-minded investigation of the meaning of these constraints for the physical world, and for us as humans.



Published in cooperation with the renowned physics "think-tank" Foundational Questions Institute, FQXi

Presents specially reworked versions of the prize-winning essays from among more than 200 submissions

Contributors include top scientists, philosophers and thought leaders



Inhalt

Introduction (Aguirre, Merali, Sloan).- Undecidability and Unpredictability: Not Limitations, but Triumphs of Science (Markus Müller).- Indeterminism and Undecidability (Klaas Landsman).- Unpredictability and Randomness (Rade Vuckovac).- Indeterminism, Causality and Information: Has Physics ever been Deterministic? (Flavio Del Santo).- Undecidability, Fractal Geometry and the Unity of Physics (Tim Palmer) .- A Gödelian Hunch from Quantum Theory (Hippolyte Dourdent).- Epistemic Horizons: This Sentence is ..... (Jochen Szangolies).- Why is the Universe Comprehensible? (Ian Durham).- Noisy Deductive Reasoning: How Humans Construct Math, and How Math Constructs Universes (David Wolpert, David Kinney).- Computational Complexity as Anthropic Principle: A Fable (Rick Searle).- Appendix (Aguirre, Merali, Sloan).

Produktinformationen

Titel: Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability
Editor:
EAN: 9783030703530
Format: Fester Einband
Hersteller: Springer International Publishing
Herausgeber: Springer, Berlin
Genre: Physik & Astronomie
Anzahl Seiten: 141
Gewicht: 0g
Größe: H235mm x B235mm x T155mm
Auflage: 1st ed. 2021

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