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The Blood-Retinal Barriers

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 408 Seiten
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The concept of a blood~retinal barrier is still relatively new in the ophthalmic literature. ~fuereas work on the blood-brain barr... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

The concept of a blood~retinal barrier is still relatively new in the ophthalmic literature. ~fuereas work on the blood-brain barrier was initiated in the first decade of this century, the blood retinal barrier has only recently been defined. Information accu mulated during the last 10 years has shown that the function of the blood-ocular barriers may be better understood if two main barrier systems are considered to exist in the eye. The blood-aqueous barrier regulates the exchanges between the blood and the intraocu lar fluids, and the blood-retinal barrier separates the neural tissue from the blood. Recent studies have shown that the blood-retinal barrier plays a fundamental role in controlling the microenvironment of the retina. Similarly, the significance of the blood-retinal barrier in retinal disease has become increasingly clear. Fluorescein angiography has demonstrated an intricate series of relationships between altera tions of the blood-retinal barrier and diverse retinal diseases, particularly vascular retinopathies and pigment epitheliopathies. Finally, in the past few years, vitreous fluorophotometry has pro vided a new and accurate index of the alteration of the blood-retinal barrier.

Inhalt
I General Aspects of Membrane Permeability.- Structure and Function of Cell Membranes.- Biophysical Aspects of Membrane Permeability.- II Sites and Functions of the Blood-Brain and Blood-Retinal Barriers.- Cerebral Endothelium, Blood-Brain-Barrier and the Astrocyte Membrane.- Cerebrovascular Permeability in the Normal Brain and Following Osmotic Opening.- Sites and Functions of the Blood-Retinal Barriers.- III Transport at the Blood-Brain and Blood-Retinal Barriers.- Alterations of Amino Acid Transport in the Central Nervous System.- Transport Functions of the Blood-Retinal Barrier System and the Microenvironment of the Retina.- Drug Exchanges between Blood and Vitreous.- Drainage of Intraocular Fluids.- IV Methods of Evaluation of the Blood-Retinal Barriers.- Vitreous Fluorophometry.- Fluorescein Angiography and the Blood-Retinal Barriers.- V Pathology of the Blood-Retinal Barriers.- Pathology of the Blood-Retinal Barrier.- Retinal Edema: Postulated Mechanisms(s).- Acute Hypertension and Experimental Diabetes: Evaluation of their Effects on Blood-Ocular Barriers.- Experimental Inner Retinal Ischemia and Blood-Retinal Barriers.- Experimental Retinal Angiogenesis.- VI Clinical Significance of Alteration of the Blood-Retinal Barriers.- Diseases Affecting the Inner Blood-Retinal Barrier.- Significance of Alteration of the Outer Blood-Retinal Barrier.- Participants.

Produktinformationen

Titel: The Blood-Retinal Barriers
Editor:
EAN: 9781475746570
ISBN: 1475746571
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Springer US
Anzahl Seiten: 408
Gewicht: 764g
Größe: H254mm x B178mm x T21mm
Jahr: 2013
Untertitel: Englisch
Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1980

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