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Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursters

  • Fester Einband
  • 488 Seiten
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Since the dawn of mankind, observers of the sky have wondered at the sudden appearance of new stars on the seemingly unchanging he... Weiterlesen
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Since the dawn of mankind, observers of the sky have wondered at the sudden appearance of new stars on the seemingly unchanging heavens and, for at least 2000 years, have recorded these phenomena in their annals and archives. Even in more modern times, since the discovery of SN1885A in S Andromeda which ?gured in the important island universe discussions of the 1920's, the puzzle of supernovae (SNe) has played an important role in astrophysics. Only with the seminal work of Fritz Zwicky and Walter Baade in the 1930's did we begin to understand the di?erences between novae and SNe and the importance of SNe as the fonts of energy for the interstellar medium and as drivers of chemical evolution in galaxies. As recently as the 1940's and 1950's the early days of radio astronomy were heavily in?uenced by the familiar names of Cassiopeia A and Taurus A, two young supernova remnants, and two Nobel prizes have been awarded for discovery and study of a related phenomenon, pulsars. In spite of the great age of the study of SNe, since at least the Chinese records of SN185and probably earlier, the ?eld is, in fact, very young having only attracted a large devoted following since the spectacular Type II SN1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud, the ?rst naked-eye SN in more than 400 years.

Bridges the gap between standard textbook material and the forefront of research

Written by an international team of experts, this set of tutorial reviews provides a coherent and accessible summary of the current state of supernova research in all of its facets. The newly detected gamma-ray bursts are discussed in this context. While primarily addressing astrophysicists and astronomers, this book will also be of interest to cosmologists and nuclear physicists working on supernova-related issues.

Supernovae.- Historical Supernovae.- Classification of Supernovae.- Supernova Rates.- Optical Spectra of Supernovae.- Optical Light Curves of Supernovae.- X-Ray Supernovae.- Ultraviolet Supernovae.- Radio Supernovae.- Supernova Interaction with a Circumstellar Medium.- Measuring Cosmology with Supernovae.- Supernova 1987A.- Supernovae to ?-Ray Bursters.- SN1998bw and Hypernovae.- Supernovae and ?-Ray Bursters.- ?-Ray Bursters.- Observational Properties of Cosmic ?-Ray Bursts.- X-Ray Observations of ?-Ray Burst Afterglows.- Optical Observations of ?-Ray Burst Afterglows.- Radio Observations of ?-Ray Burst Afterglows.- Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Underlying Model.- Ambient Interaction Models for ?-Ray Burst Afterglows.- Cosmological Studies with ?-Ray Bursts.


Titel: Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursters
EAN: 9783540440536
ISBN: 3540440534
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Anzahl Seiten: 488
Gewicht: 893g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T31mm
Jahr: 2003
Auflage: 2003

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