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Storminess and Environmental Change

  • Fester Einband
  • 270 Seiten
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Leseprobe
Bringing together a wide range of disciplines, including climatology, hydrology, geomorphology and ecology, this book offers a tho... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Bringing together a wide range of disciplines, including climatology, hydrology, geomorphology and ecology, this book offers a thorough review of contemporary developments in the modelling of Mediterranean hydro-climatological processes in time and space.

This book describes recent developments in the modeling of hydro-climatological processes in time and space. The topic brings together a wide range of disciplines, such as climatology, hydrology, geomorphology and ecology, with examples of problems and related modeling approaches. Parsimonious hydro-climatological models hold the potential to simulate the combined effects of rainfall intensity and distribution patterns in the absence of precipitation records for short time intervals (e.g. daily to sub-hourly) and over large areas (e.g. regional to continental). In this book, we show how the principle of parsimony can be followed without sacrificing depth in seeking to understand a variety of landscape and surface processes that include hydrologic phenomena. Geographically speaking, the focus of the book is on Mediterranean environments. In this region, which is characterized by a complex morphology, soil erosion by water is a major cause of landscape degradation and the fragility of ecosystems is abundantly documented. By exploring interactions between erosive storms and land with the help of modeling solutions created at a variety of scales, the book investigates in detail the climatic implications for the Mediterranean landscape in an effort to bridge historical and contemporary research, which makes it unique in its approach.

The book provides a valuable resource for environmental scientists, while also providing an important basis for graduate and postgraduate students interested in research on hydrological cycles and environmental changes.



An overview of storminess and climate change models in the Mediterranean area

Includes a set of parsimonious approaches to climate and environment modelling

Presents key issues for the interpretation of climate and environmental history



Inhalt

1. Introduction

Part I. Observations and Model Development

2. Extreme rainfalls in the Mediterranean area

3. Rainfalls and storm erosivity

4. Finding simplicity in storm erosivity modelling

5. Characteristics of flash-flood regimes in the Mediterranean region

Part II. Storminess and Erosivity Modelling

6. Spatial pattern probabilities exceeding critical threshold of annual mean storm-erosivity in Euro-Mediterranean areas

7. Landscape scales of erosive storm hazard across the Mediterranean region

8. Monthly erosive storm hazard within river basins of the Campania Region, Southern Italy

9. Storm-erosivity modelling for addressing hydrological effectiveness in France

10. Modelling long-term storm erosivity time-series: a case study in the Western Swiss Plateau

11. Temporal and spatial patterns in designstorm erosivity over Sicily Region

Part III. Storminess and Environmental Changes

12. Historical reconstruction of erosive storms driving damaging hydrological events in the Bonea Basin, Southern Italy

13. Triggering conditions and runout simulation of the San Mango sul Calore debris avalanche, Southern Italy

14. Climate-scale modelling of rainstorm-induced organic carbon losses in land-soil of Thune Alpine areas, Switzerland

15. Hydroclimatological modelling of organic carbon dissolution in Lake Maggiore, Northern Italy

Part IV. History and Perspectives

16. A digression on the analysis of historical series of daily data for the characterization of precipitation dynamics

17. Historical climatology of storm events in the Mediterranean: a case study damaging hydrological events in Calabria, Southern Italy

18. Storminess forecast skills in Naples, Southern Italy

Produktinformationen

Titel: Storminess and Environmental Change
Untertitel: Climate Forcing and Responses in the Mediterranean Region
Editor:
EAN: 9789400779471
ISBN: 940077947X
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Anzahl Seiten: 270
Gewicht: 617g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T22mm
Jahr: 2014
Auflage: 1st ed. 2014

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