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Hypergeometric Orthogonal Polynomials and Their q-Analogues

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 600 Seiten
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This book classifies all families of orthogonal polynomials satisfying a second-order differential or difference equation with pol... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This book classifies all families of orthogonal polynomials satisfying a second-order differential or difference equation with polynomial coefficients, which leads to the families of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials belonging to the Askey scheme.

The present book is about the Askey scheme and the q-Askey scheme, which are graphically displayed right before chapter 9 and chapter 14, respectively. The fa- lies of orthogonal polynomials in these two schemes generalize the classical orth- onal polynomials (Jacobi, Laguerre and Hermite polynomials) and they have pr- erties similar to them. In fact, they have properties so similar that I am inclined (f- lowing Andrews & Askey [34]) to call all families in the (q-)Askey scheme classical orthogonal polynomials, and to call the Jacobi, Laguerre and Hermite polynomials very classical orthogonal polynomials. These very classical orthogonal polynomials are good friends of mine since - most the beginning of my mathematical career. When I was a fresh PhD student at the Mathematical Centre (now CWI) in Amsterdam, Dick Askey spent a sabbatical there during the academic year 19691970. He lectured to us in a very stimulating wayabouthypergeometricfunctionsandclassicalorthogonalpolynomials. Evenb- ter, he gave us problems to solve which might be worth a PhD. He also pointed out to us that there was more than just Jacobi, Laguerre and Hermite polynomials, for instance Hahn polynomials, and that it was one of the merits of the Higher Transc- dental Functions (Bateman project) that it included some newer stuff like the Hahn polynomials (see [198, §10. 23]).

From the reviews:

The book starts with a brief but valuable foreword by Tom Koornwinder on the history of the classification problem for orthogonal polynomials. the ideal text for a graduate course devoted to the classification, and it is a valuable reference, which everyone who works in orthogonal polynomials will want to own. (Warren Johnson, The Mathematical Association of America, August, 2010)

Klappentext

The very classical orthogonal polynomials named after Hermite, Laguerre and Jacobi, satisfy many common properties. For instance, they satisfy a second-order differential equation with polynomial coefficients and they can be expressed in terms of a hypergeometric function.

Replacing the differential equation by a second-order difference equation results in (discrete) orthogonal polynomial solutions with similar properties. Generalizations of these difference equations, in terms of Hahn's q-difference operator, lead to both continuous and discrete orthogonal polynomials with similar properties. For instance, they can be expressed in terms of (basic) hypergeometric functions.

Based on Favard's theorem, the authors first classify all families of orthogonal polynomials satisfying a second-order differential or difference equation with polynomial coefficients. Together with the concept of duality this leads to the families of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials belonging to the Askey scheme. For each family they list the most important properties and they indicate the (limit) relations.

Furthermore the authors classify all q-orthogonal polynomials satisfying a second-order q-difference equation based on Hahn's q-operator. Together with the concept of duality this leads to the families of basic hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials which can be arranged in a q-analogue of the Askey scheme. Again, for each family they list the most important properties, the (limit) relations between the various families and the limit relations (for q --> 1) to the classical hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials belonging to the Askey scheme.

These (basic) hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials have several applications in various areas of mathematics and (quantum) physics such as approximation theory, asymptotics, birth and death processes, probability and statistics, coding theory and combinatorics.



Inhalt
Definitions and Miscellaneous Formulas.- Classical orthogonal polynomials.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions of Differential Equations.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions of Real Difference Equations.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions of Complex Difference Equations.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions in x(x+u) of Real Difference Equations.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions in z(z+u) of Complex Difference Equations.- Hypergeometric Orthogonal Polynomials.- Polynomial Solutions of Eigenvalue Problems.- Classical q-orthogonal polynomials.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions of q-Difference Equations.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions in q?x of q-Difference Equations.- Orthogonal Polynomial Solutions in q?x+uqx of Real

Produktinformationen

Titel: Hypergeometric Orthogonal Polynomials and Their q-Analogues
Autor:
EAN: 9783642263514
ISBN: 3642263518
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Genre: Mathematik
Anzahl Seiten: 600
Gewicht: 896g
Größe: H235mm x B155mm x T32mm
Jahr: 2012
Auflage: 2010

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