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Pollination Ecology and the Rain Forest

  • Fester Einband
  • 348 Seiten
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Rain Forest Biology and the Canopy System, Sarawak, 19922002 The rain forest takes an immense breath and then exhales, once every ... Weiterlesen
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Rain Forest Biology and the Canopy System, Sarawak, 19922002 The rain forest takes an immense breath and then exhales, once every four or ?ve years, as a major global weather pattern plays out, usually heralded by El Nin oSouthern Oscillation. While this powerful natural cycle has occurred for many millennia, it is during the past decade that both the climate of Earth and the people living on it have had an increasing in?uence on the weather pattern itself, with many biological consequences. In Southeast Asia, as also in most of the Neotropics, El Nin o accompanies one of the most exuberant o- pourings of nature's diversity. After several years of little activity, the incredibly diverse rain forests suddenly burst into ?owera phenomenon referred to as General Flowering in Asia. Plant populations are rejuvenated and animals are fed, but the process involves a delicate and complex balance. When the canopy access system was under construction at Lambir Hills - tional Park in the early 1990s, it made use of an underlying technology that was already in place: bridges. For centuries, bridges have spanned the natural chasms over rivers. This existing network of bridges and the people who built and use them produced the technology we needed to gain access to the canopy. Bridge builders were our natural allies in the quest for biological knowledge of the high canopy.

The groundbreaking canopy-access and rain forest research at Lambir Hills National Park in Sarawak, Malaysia, has contributed an immense body of knowledge. Its major studies over more than a decade are synthesized here for the first time. The focus of this unique volume is on plant-animal interactions and some of the foundations that create and maintain tropical diversity, especially pollination and the phenomenon of the General Flowering. The work discussed has implications for tropical biology, ecology and pollination studies. The power of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation events and drought, particularly in their effects on mutualisms, are discussed in detail.

Foreword -- Preface -- Rain forest biology and the canopy system, Sarawak (1992-2002), David W. Roubik -- Large processes with small targets: rarity and pollination in rain forests, David W. Roubik -- The canopy Biology Program in Sarawak--its scope, methods and merit, Takakazu Yumoto and Tohru Nakashizuka -- Soil-related floristic variation in a hyper-diverse dipterocarp forest, Stuart J. Davies, Sylvester Tan, James V. LaFrankie and Matthew D. Potts -- Plant reproductive phenology in a mixed dipterocarp forest, Shoko Sakai, Kuniyasu Momose, Takakazu Yumoto, Teruyoshi Nagamitsu, Hidetoshi Nagamasu, Abang A. Hamid, Tohru Nakashizuka and Tamiji Inoue -- A severe drought in Lambir Hills National Park, Rhett D. Harrison -- The plant-pollinator community in a lowland dipterocarp forest, Kuniyasu Momose and Abdul Hamid -- Floral resource utilization by stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponini), Teruyoshi Nagamitsu and Tamiji Inoue -- Honey bees in Borneo, David W. Roubik -- Beetle pollination in tropical rain forests, Kuniyasu Momose -- Seventy-five ways to be a fig: an overview of a diverse plant assemblage, Rhett D. Harrison and Mike Shanahan -- Ecology of traplining bees and understory pollinators, Makoto Kato -- Vertebrate-pollinated plants, Takakazu Yumoto -- Invertebrate predators of dipterocarp seeds, Michiko Nakagawa, Takao Itioka, Kuniyasu Momose and Tohru Nakashizuka -- Diversity of anti-herbivore defenses in Macaranga, Takao Itioka -- Coevolution of ants and plants, Takao Itino Lowland Tropical Rain Forests of Asia and America: Parallels, Convergence and Divergence, James V. LaFrankie -- Lambir's forest: The World's most diverse known tree assemblage?, Peter S. Ashton -- Toward the conservation of tropical forests, Tamiji Inoue -- Glossary -- Bibliography


Titel: Pollination Ecology and the Rain Forest
Untertitel: Sarawak Studies
EAN: 9780387213095
ISBN: 0387213090
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer New York
Anzahl Seiten: 348
Gewicht: 751g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T26mm
Jahr: 2005
Untertitel: Englisch
Auflage: 2005

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