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New Promising Electrochemical Systems for Rechargeable Batteries

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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Puscha Voditsa near Kiev, Ukraine, May 14-17, 1995The storage of electroenergy... Weiterlesen
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Puscha Voditsa near Kiev, Ukraine, May 14-17, 1995

The storage of electroenergy is an essential feature of modem energy technologies. Unfortunately, no economical and technically feasible method for the solution of this severe problem is presently available. But electrochemistry is a favourite candidate from an engineering point of view. It promises the highest energy densities of all possible alternatives. If this is true, there will be a proportionality between the amount of electricity to be stored and the possible voltage, together with the mass of materials which make this storage possible. Insofar it is a matter of material science to develop adequate systems. Electricity is by far the most important secondary energy source. The present production rate, mainly in the thermal electric power stations, is in the order of 1.3 TW. Rechargeable batteries (RB) are of widespread use in practice for electroenergy storage and supply. The total capacity of primary and rechargeable batteries being exploited is the same as that of the world electric power stations. However, the important goal in the light of modem energy technology, namely the economical storage of large amounts of electricity for electric vehicles, electric route transport, load levelling, solar energy utilization, civil video & audio devices, earth and spatial communications, etc. will not be met by the presently available systems. Unless some of the new emerging electrochemical systems are established up to date, RB's based on aqueous acidic or alkali accumulators are mainly produced today.


Electricity is the most important secondary energy source, the present production rate, mainly from thermal electric power stations, being of the order of 1.3 TW. However, the total capacity of primary and rechargeable batteries currently in use is the same as the output of the world's power stations. But present battery systems will not meet future needs for the economical storage of large amounts of electrical energy for vehicles, public transport, road levelling, solar energy utilisation, civil video and audio, terrestrial and space communications, etc. Current accumulators based on aqueous acid or alkali systems do not have sufficient output and, moreover, the materials employed (Pb, Cd, Ni) are environmental pollutants that require safe recycling. Further, stocks of these strategic metals are being rapidly depleted. br/ This book discusses actual field results with novel systems, such as rechargeable lithium batteries, zinc/air cells, metal-free accumulators, graphite/carbon devices and others, including fuel cells. The book stresses that a universal electrochemical system is not feasible: the choice of any system must depend on the concrete field of application and must be taken in consideration of a large number of technical, economic and environmental circumstances.

1. Improvements of Conventional Aqueous Accumulators. 2. Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. 3. Rechargeable Metal/Air-Batteries. 4. Fuel Cells as Rechargeable Batteries. 5. Metal Hydride (MH) /Nickel Rechargeable Batteries. 6. Conducting Polymers in Rechargeable Batteries. 7. Carbon and Carbonaceous Materials. 8. Metal-Free Rechargeable Batteries. 9. Miscellaneous, Reviews. Author Index. Subject Index.


Titel: New Promising Electrochemical Systems for Rechargeable Batteries
EAN: 9780792339489
ISBN: 0792339487
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Netherlands
Genre: Maschinenbau
Anzahl Seiten: 554
Gewicht: 989g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T34mm
Jahr: 1996
Untertitel: Englisch
Auflage: 1996

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