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Leibniz's Metaphysics of Nature

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 148 Seiten
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The essays included in this volume are a mixture of old and new. Three of them make their first appearance in print on this occa s... Weiterlesen
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The essays included in this volume are a mixture of old and new. Three of them make their first appearance in print on this occa sion (Nos III, IV, and V). The remaining four are based upon materials previously published in learned journals or anthologies. (However, these previously published papers have been revised and, generally, expanded for inclusion here.) Detailed acknowl edgement of prior publications is made in the notes to the relevant articles. I am grateful to the editors of these several publications for their kind permission to use this material. I am grateful to an anonymous reader for the Western Ontario Series for some useful corrigenda. And I should like to thank John Horty and Lily Knezevich for their help in seeing this material through the press. NICHOLAS RESCHER Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania May, 1980 xi INTRODUCTION The unifying theme of these essays is their concern with Leibniz's metaphysics of nature. In particular, they revolve about his cos mology of creation and his conception of the real world as one among infinitely many equipossible alternatives.

Nicholas Rescher is University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh where he also served for many years as Director of the Center for Philosophy of Science. He is a former president of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, and has also served as President of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, the Americna Metaphysical Society, the American G. W. Leibniz Society, and the C. S. Peirce Society. An honorary member of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, he has been elected to membership in the European Academy of Arts and Sciences (Academia Europaea), the Institut International de Philosophie, and several other learned academies. Having held visiting lectureships at Oxford, Constance, Salamanca, Munich, and Marburg, Professor Rescher has received six honorary degrees from universities on three continents. Author of some hundred books ranging over many areas of philosophy, over a dozen of them translated into other languages, he was awarded the Alexander von Humboldt Prize for Humanistic Scholarship in 1984.

I. Leibniz on Creation and the Evaluation of Possible Worlds.- 1. Stagesetting.- 2. Mathematico-Physical Inspiration.- 3. Epistemological Implications.- 4. Leibniz as a Pioneer of the Coherence Theory of Truth.- II. The Epistemology of Inductive Reasoning in Leibniz.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Extraction of General Truths from Experience.- 3. Concluding Observations.- III. Leibniz and the Concept of a System.- 1. The Concept of a System.- 2. Leibniz as System Builder.- 3. Why System?.- 4. Cognitive vs. Ontological Systematicity.- 5. System and Infinite Complexity.- IV. Leibniz on the Infinite Analysis of Contingent Truths.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Analysis.- 3. Calculus as the Inspiration of Infinite Analysis.- 4. A Metaphysical Calculus of Perfection-Optimization.- 5. Conclusion.- V. Leibniz on Intermonadic Relations.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Crucial Role of Relations in Incompossibility.- 3. The Reducibility of Relations.- 4. Relational Reducibility and Incompossibility.- 5. Reducibility Not a Logical But a Metaphysical Thesis.- 6. The Reality of Intermonadic Relations.- 7. Abstract Relations.- VI. Leibniz and the Plurality of Space-Time Frameworks.- 1. The Question of Distinct Frameworks.- 2. Spatiality: The Conception of Space as Everywhere the Same.- 3. One World, One Space.- 4. Distinct Worlds Must Have Distinct Spaces.- 5. How are Distinct Spaces Distinct?.- 6. Why Distinct Spaces?.- 7. A Superspace After All?.- 8. Cross-World Spatial Comparisons.- 9. Must the Spatial Structure of Other Worlds Be Like that of Ours?.- 10. The Important Fact That, for Leibniz, Time is Coordinate With Space.- 11. Can a Possible World Lack Spatiotemporal Structure?.- VII. The Contributions of the Paris Period (167276) to Leibniz's Metaphysics.- 1. Overview of Cardinal Theses of Leibniz's Metaphysics.- 2. A Missing Piece.- 3. Conclusion.- Appendix: Rescher on Leibniz, with Bibliography.- Index of Names.


Titel: Leibniz's Metaphysics of Nature
Untertitel: A Group of Essays
EAN: 9789027712530
ISBN: 9027712530
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Netherlands
Anzahl Seiten: 148
Gewicht: 236g
Größe: H235mm x B155mm x T8mm
Jahr: 1981
Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1981

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