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Moufang Polygons

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 535 Seiten
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Spherical buildings are certain combinatorial simplicial complexes intro duced, at first in the language of "incidence geometries,... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Spherical buildings are certain combinatorial simplicial complexes intro duced, at first in the language of "incidence geometries," to provide a sys tematic geometric interpretation of the exceptional complex Lie groups. (The definition of a building in terms of chamber systems and definitions of the various related notions used in this introduction such as "thick," "residue," "rank," "spherical," etc. are given in Chapter 39. ) Via the notion of a BN-pair, the theory turned out to apply to simple algebraic groups over an arbitrary field. More precisely, to any absolutely simple algebraic group of positive rela tive rank £ is associated a thick irreducible spherical building of the same rank (these are the algebraic spherical buildings) and the main result of Buildings of Spherical Type and Finite BN-Pairs [101] is that the converse, for £ ::::: 3, is almost true: (1. 1) Theorem. Every thick irreducible spherical building of rank at least three is classical, algebraic' or mixed. Classical buildings are those defined in terms of the geometry of a classical group (e. g. unitary, orthogonal, etc. of finite Witt index or linear of finite dimension) over an arbitrary field or skew-field. (These are not algebraic if, for instance, the skew-field is of infinite dimension over its center. ) Mixed buildings are more exotic; they are related to groups which are in some sense algebraic groups defined over a pair of fields k and K of characteristic p, where KP eke K and p is two or (in one case) three.

Zusammenfassung
Spherical buildings are certain combinatorial simplicial complexes intro­ duced, at first in the language of "incidence geometries," to provide a sys­ tematic geometric interpretation of the exceptional complex Lie groups. (The definition of a building in terms of chamber systems and definitions of the various related notions used in this introduction such as "thick," "residue," "rank," "spherical," etc. are given in Chapter 39. ) Via the notion of a BN-pair, the theory turned out to apply to simple algebraic groups over an arbitrary field. More precisely, to any absolutely simple algebraic group of positive rela­ tive rank £ is associated a thick irreducible spherical building of the same rank (these are the algebraic spherical buildings) and the main result of Buildings of Spherical Type and Finite BN-Pairs [101] is that the converse, for £ ::::: 3, is almost true: (1. 1) Theorem. Every thick irreducible spherical building of rank at least three is classical, algebraic' or mixed. Classical buildings are those defined in terms of the geometry of a classical group (e. g. unitary, orthogonal, etc. of finite Witt index or linear of finite dimension) over an arbitrary field or skew-field. (These are not algebraic if, for instance, the skew-field is of infinite dimension over its center. ) Mixed buildings are more exotic; they are related to groups which are in some sense algebraic groups defined over a pair of fields k and K of characteristic p, where KP eke K and p is two or (in one case) three.

Inhalt
I Preliminary Results.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Some Definitions.- 3 Generalized Polygons.- 4 Moufang Polygons.- 5 Commutator Relations.- 6 Opposite Root Groups.- 7 A Uniqueness Lemma.- 8 A Construction.- II Nine Families of Moufang Polygons.- 9 Alternative Division Rings, I.- 10 Indifferent and Octagonal Sets.- 11 Involutory Sets and Pseudo-Quadratic Forms.- 12 Quadratic Forms of Type E6, E7 and E8, I.- 13 Quadratic Forms of Type E6, E7 and E8, II.- 14 Quadratic Forms of Type F4.- 15 Hexagonal Systems, I.- 16 An Inventory of Moufang Polygons.- 17 Main Results.- III The Classification of Moufang Polygons.- 18 A Bound on n.- 19 Triangles.- 20 Alternative Division Rings, II.- 21 Quadrangles.- 22 Quadrangles of Involution Type.- 23 Quadrangles of Quadratic Form Type.- 24 Quadrangles of Indifferent Type.- 25 Quadrangles of Pseudo-Quadratic Form Type, I.- 26 Quadrangles of Pseudo-Quadratic Form Type, II.- 27 Quadrangles of Type E6, E7 and E8.- 28 Quadrangles of Type F4.- 29 Hexagons.- 30 Hexagonal Systems, II.- 31 Octagons.- 32 Existence.- IV More Results on Moufang Polygons.- 33 BN-Pairs.- 34 Finite Moufang Polygons.- 35 Isotopes.- 36 Isomorphic Hexagonal Systems.- 37 Automorphisms.- 38 Isomorphic Quadrangles.- V Moufang Polygons and Spherical Buildings.- 39 Chamber Systems.- 40 Spherical Buildings.- 41 Classical, Algebraic and Mixed Buildings.- 42 Appendix.- Index of Notation.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Moufang Polygons
Autor:
EAN: 9783642078330
ISBN: 978-3-642-07833-0
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Springer, Berlin
Genre: Mathematik
Anzahl Seiten: 535
Gewicht: g
Größe: H235mm x B235mm x T155mm
Jahr: 2010
Auflage: Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2002

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