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Coastal and Marine Geo-Information Systems

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aThe emphasis now placed on the concept of sediment cells as boundaries for coastal defence groups, and the development of SMPs, s... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

a

The emphasis now placed on the concept of sediment cells as boundaries for coastal defence groups, and the development of SMPs, should help CPAs realise the importance of natural processes at the coast when designing defence and protection schemes. However, this will only be the case where defence groups exist, and where CPAs take up the challenge of developing SMPs. Coastal landscapes have been produced by the natural forces of wind, waves and tides, and many are nationally or internationally important for their habitats and natural features. Past practices at the coast, such as the construction of harbours, jetties and traditional defence systems may have contributed to the deterioration of the coast. English Nature (1992) have argued that if practices and methods of coastal defence are allowed to continue, then coastlines would be faced with worsening consequences, including: The loss of mudflats and the birds which live on them Damage to geological Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and scenic heritage by erosion, due to the stabilisation of the coast elsewhere Cutting of sediment supplies to beaches resulting in the loss of coastal wildlife Cessation through isolation from coastal processes, of the natural operation of spits, with serious deterioration of rare plants, animals and geomorphological and scenic qualities (English Nature, 1992) A number of designations, provided by national and international legislation do exist to aid conservation.

Klappentext

This volume comprises a collection of 40 chapters by experts dealing with the application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing, cartography, visualisation and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to coastal and marine environments around the world. Aimed primarily at the practising marine and coastal zone manager, it provides an up-to-date examination of the application of geo-information and spatial technologies to a wide range of topics such as fisheries, coastal geomorphology, the use of remotely sensed imagery, coastal vegetation mapping, coastal pollution, landscape ecology, and decision support systems (DSS).Audience: This book should be useful to researchers, managers and practitioners at coastal organisations, agencies and research centers, as well as professionals in the marine and coastal GIS and remote sensing industry.



Inhalt
- Part I: The Setting. 1. The Coastal Zone Environment: A Place to Work, Rest, Play and to Manage; S.D. King. 2. The North East Coastline of Scotland; J.S. Smith. -Part II: The Coastal Zone. 3. Coastal/Marine GI/GIS - A Pan-European Perspective; R.A. Longhorn. 4. Plans for the Coastal Zone; P.A.G. Watts. 5. Hydrographic Data and Geographical Information Systems; P. Wright. - Part III: Example Applications. 6. GIS for Sustainable Coastal Zone Management in the Pacific - A Strategy; B. Crawley, J. Aston. 7. Managing Marine Resources: The Role of GIS in EEZ Management; S. Fletcher. 8. The Management Plan of the Wadden Sea and its Visualisation; M.A. Damoiseaux. 9. Using GIS For Siting Artificial Reefs - Data Issues, Problems and Solutions: `Real World' To `Real World'; D.R. Green, S.T. Ray. 10. Collating the Past of Assessing the Future: Analysis of the Subtidal and Intertidal Data Records Within GIS; C.I.S. Pater. 11. Identifying Sites for Flood Protection - A Case Study from the River Clyde; G. Jones. 12. Arctic Coastal and Marine Environmental Monitoring; H. Goodwin, R. Palerud. 13. A GIS Application for the Study of Beach Morphodynamics; L.P. Humphries, C.N. Ligdas. 14. Determination and Prediction of Sediment Yields from Recession of the Holderness Coast; R. Newsham, et al. 15. Tracing the Recent Evolution of the Littoral Spit and El Rompido, Huelva (Spain) Using Remote Sensing and GIS; J.O jeda Zújar, et al. 16. Littoral and Shoreline Processes inLarge Man-Made Lakes; A.Sh. Khabidov. 17. Coastal Zone Management: The Case of Castellón; I. Rodriguez, A. Lloret, J.M. de la Peña. - Part IV: Habitat. 18. Evaluating the Coastal Environment for Marine Birds; S. Wanless, et al. 19. Initial Attempts to Assess the Importance of the Distributing of Saltmarsh Communities on the Sediment Budget of the North Norfolk Coast; N.J. Brown, et al. 20. Quantifying Landscape/Ecological Succession in a Coastal Dune System Using Sequential Aerial Photography and GIS; S. Shanmugam, M. Barnsley. 21. Geomatics for the Management of Oyster Culture Leases and Production; J. Populus, et al. 22. GIS and Aquaculture: Soft-Shell Clam Site Assessment; A. Simms. 23. Evaluation of Ecological Effects of the North Sea Industrial Fishing Industry on the Availability of Human Consumption Species Using Geographical Distribution Resource Data; J. Robertson, et al. - Part V: Technology. 24. Digital Elevation Models by Laserscanning; U. Lohr. 25. Error Modeling and Management for Data in Geospatial Information Systems; M.A. Chapman, et al. 26. The Use of Dynamic Segmentation in the Coastal Information System: Adjacency Relationships from Southeastern Newfoundland, Canada; K.A. Edwardson, et al. 27. Consideration on Satellite Data Correction by Bidirectional Reflectance Measurement of Coastal Sand with a Remote Sensing Simulator; H. Okayama, J. Sun. 28. Constructing a Geomorphological Database of Coastal Change Using GIS; J. Raper, et al. - Part VI: Geographic Information Systems and Decision Support Systems. 29.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Coastal and Marine Geo-Information Systems
Untertitel: Applying the Technology to the Environment
Editor:
EAN: 9780792356868
ISBN: 0792356861
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Netherlands
Anzahl Seiten: 620
Gewicht: 1086g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T38mm
Jahr: 2003
Auflage: 2003