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Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems

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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workhop on Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems, Sudak, Crimea, U... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workhop on Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems, Sudak, Crimea, Ukraine, 22-28 September, 2007

The 2007 ARW "Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems" (UCNCEHS'2007) was held in September 22-28, 2007 in the remarkable town Sudak (Crimea, Ukraine) known for its heroic and unusual fate. In the tradition of the earlier conferences, UCNCEHS'2007 meeting served as an multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, carbon nanomaterials processing and chemical behavior, energy and environmental problems. The aim of UCNCEHS'2007 was to provide the wide overview of the latest scientific results on basic research and technological applications of hydrogen interactions with carbon materials. The active representatives from research/academic organizations and governmental agencies could meet, discuss and present the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress and to exchange academic information, to identify research needs and future development in this important area. This ARW should help further the progress of hydrogen-based science and promote the role of hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials in the energy field.

Klappentext

The energy arteries of the corporate body of mankind are still fed mainly by fossil fuels; but they are in danger of running dry soon unless new energy sources are made available. One of the most important as well as the most ecologically pure power source is hydrogen, that constitutes the heart of hydrogen power engineering and considered as a future alternative to fossil power sources. The chemistry of carbon nanomaterials and hydrogen materials science will play an important role in hastening the conversion to the Hydrogen Energy System. In this connection the research and application of materials capable of interacting actively with hydrogen, its accumulating and storing will be of the utmost significance. This is of particular actuality for creation of mobile energy sources both for mobile telephones and for hybrid electric cars that are developed by all large car manufacturers of the world. In this connection the hydrogen capacity of carbon nanostructural materials, such as fullerenes, nanotubes, nanofibers and other nanostructures, has aroused a special interest of researchers. Hydriding metals, alloys, nanocarbon and composite materials can store hydrogen safely at relatively low pressures and temperatures. Very many other applications are also possible - such as heating and cooling, waste heat storage, pumping, pressurizing, heat-pumping, hydrogen purifying, deuterium separation, electricity production, etc. As a source of 'clean' energy, hydrogen is also going to be the permanent answer to another global problem caused by utilization of fossil fuels, such as the greenhouse effect, climate change, acid rains, ozone layer depletion, pollution and oil spills.

Inhalt

Preface.- 80th Anniversary Academician; B. Baranowski.- Geniuses of XX century: Erwin Schrödinger.- 150th anniversary of the birthday GERTS, Genrich Rudolf.- In memory of Maria Sklodowska-Curie.- On centenary of Vera Ivanovna Mikheeva.- C60 fullerene.- Saga of Hydrogen Civilization; T. Nejat Veziroglu.- A Sight at the Future of a Science and Technics; F.P. Sanin.- Search and Development of New Materials for Hydrogen Storage in the Connected State; B.P. Tarasov.- Hydrogen Technology for Porous Metals (Gasars) Production; V.I. Shapovalov, J.C. Withers.- The forming peculiarities of C60 molecule; D.V. Schur et al.- The special features of formation of carbon nanostructures, their classification and site on the state diagram of carbon; D.V. Schur et al.- Solubility and transformation of fullerene C60 molecule; D.V. Schur et al.- Thermally Controlled Hydrogen Storage System Using Novel Carbon Materials; L.L. Vasiliev et al.- Composite Sorbents Based on Carbon Fibre "Busofit" for Hydrogen Storage and Transportation; L.L. Vasiliev et al.- Physical and Chemical Bases of Metal Hydrides' Syntheses; U. Mirsaidov et al.- Composite Electrodes Based on Platinum Nanoparticles, Carbon Nanotubes, and Nickel Micro-wire Arrays Produced by Template Synthesis Technique; P. Ndungu et al.- Synthesis of Carbonic-Nickel Nanostructures and their Application for Proton Pumps; V.A. Bortyshevskyy et al.- The Role of Interface in the Mechanism of Hydrogen Absorption by Metal-Polymer Composites; G. Carotenuto et al.- Some Physical Aspects of bcc Hydrogen Storage Alloys; G. Mazzolai.- Very Large Cn - Expectations and Reality; N. Koprinarov, M. Konstantinova.- Energetics of Metal Hydrides Formation in Electrochemical Systems; A.V. Zvyagintseva, Y. N. Shalimov.- Theory of Chemisorption of a Single Hydrogen Atom on Graphene; Vl.A. Margulis, E.E. Muryumin.- Carbon-Carbon Composites for Heterogeneous Catalysts for Dehydrogenation of Hydrocarbons; M.N. Efimov et al.- Structure and Physical Properties of Nanocarbon Containing Polymer Systems; J. Rashidov et al.- Simulation of Hydrogen Polycondensation by Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes; S.A. Beznosyuk et al.- Transformation Evolution of Graphene and Nickel Nanoparticles; S.A. Beznosyuk et al.- Carbon Nanotubes from Graphenes in the Pores of Inorganic Membranes; A.P. Soldatov, O.P. Parenago.- Effect of Pore Structure of Activated Carbon Fibers on H2 Adsorption; R.G. Ding et al.- ESR Study of Hydrogen Sorption/Desorption Kinetics in Poly(Ortho-Anisidine) and POA/SWNTs Composite Films; A.A. Konchits et al.- Production of Nickel-Carbon Fibres with the Increased Content of Highly Dispersive Metal and Nanosized Structurally-Ordered Carbon; A.M. Safonova et al.-Creation of New Composite Materials for Hydrogen Energy Purposes.- I. New Lines of Membrane Production Technology; O.K. Alexeeva et al.- Structural Researches Carbonmetallic Nanocompositions on the Basis of LaMnNi; E.A. Samedov. Modification of Ultrathin a-C:H Films by Short Voltage Pulses in STM; A.S. Baturin, A.A. Chouprik, E.P. Sheshin, V.D. Frolov, E.V. Zavedeev.- Influence of the Mechanical Activation on the Thermal Stability of the AlH3 in Al-C-H System; R.V. Lukashev et al.- Electrodes for Fuel Cells Based on Carbon Nanotubes and Catalysts; M.O. Danilov et al.- The Problem of Carbon Nanotubes Using in Lithium-Ion Batteries; A.M. Skundin.- Influence of Carbon Nanofibers on Cyclization and Carbonization Processes of Polyacrylonitryle; G.N. Gubanova et al.- Growth Features of Carbon Nanostructures on Co Particles Deposited on Si02 and Al2O3; A.A. Volodin et al.- Equipment and Technology of Nanostructured Carbon Materials Production; A.G. Tkachev.- On Possible Synthesis of Some Organic Microstructures in a Process of Fullerene Fabrication by Means of an Argon Arc Discharge; V.I. Podgornyi et al.- Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles Produced by Arc-Discharge Evaporation of Fe-Ni-Graphite Electrodes; V.E. Muradyan et al.- Optimization of Synthesis Methods of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using 3d Transition Metals; V.E. Muradyan et al.- Dependence of Electronic Structure Peculiarities of Carbon Nanotubes on Diameter and Presence of Defects; Ya.V. Zaulychnyy et al.- Biocompatibility of Multiwall CNT and Nanocomposites on the Base of Polymers; Yu. Sementsov et al.- Studies of Electrochemical Kinetics of Hydrogen Oxidation on the Nanodispersed Diamond.- G.P. Bogatyreva et al.- Dielectric Properties of Epoxyamine Composites Modified by Carbon Nanofibers in Microwave Range; V.E. Muradyan et al.- Electrolytic Ni-Based Composite Coatings Containing Molybdenum and Silicon for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction; J. Kubisztal et al.- Formation of Carbon Nanostructures During IR-Pyrolysis of Polyacrylonitrile in Presence of Fe and Co; L.M. Zemtsov.- Influence of Impurities and Defects on Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes; A.P. Popov, I.V. Bazhin.- About Quasi-Liquid Spontaneous Deformation in Iron-Hydrogen System; V.I. Shapovalov.- Equilibrium Configuration and Electronic Structure of the C32H8 Molecule Isomers; A.P. Popov, I.V. Bazhin.- Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Copolymer Composites; G.F. Myachina et al.- Selective Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes by Methane Pyrolysis and Preparation Pt/C Electrocatalysts on their Basis; E.V. Gerasimova et al.- Pt Nanoclusters on Carbon Nanomaterials as Hydrogenation Cataiysts; S.D. Kushch et al.- Electrochemical Characterization of Ni-Mo and Ni-Mo+PENi Coatings as Materials for Hydrogen Evolution; J. Niedbala.- Algoritms of Parameters Estimation of Hydrogen Permeability Model; Yu.V. Zaika, E.P. Bormatova.- Magnetic Properties of Gd2Fe14BHx Hydrides; R. Bezdushnyi et al.- Thermodynamics of Thermolysis of Alkali Metals Boronhydrides; S.Yu. Zaginaichenko et al.- Interaction Peculiarities of Hydrogen and Ni-B Galvanic Alloys; A.V. Zvyagintseva.- Mechanisms of Metal Hydrides Formation in the Presence of Boron Compounds; A.V. Zvyagintseva, Y. N. Shalimov.- Some Aspects of Producing and Using Boron Compounds; S.A. Melnikov et al.- Metallographic Investigations and Hydrogenation Peculiarities of the Alloy Mg-La-Ni; P.V. Fursikov et al.- Investigation of Hydrogen-Thermal Treatment Influence on the Properties of Boron Nitride Based Materials; I.A. Morozov et al.- Thermal Stability and H-Desorption Properties of Mg3MnNi2Hx Prepared by Reactive Mechanical Alloying of Powders Mg, Mn, Ni IN H2-Atmosphere; V.D. Dobrovolsky et al.- Thermal Stability and Hydrogen Sorption Properties of the MgH2 Hydride Derived by the Reactive Milling of the Mg + 10% wt. Ti Mixture; O.G. Ershova et al.- Effect of Ball Milling and Additions of Metal Hydrides and Amides on the Thermal Stability of A1H3; M.S. Dulya et al.- Kinetics of the Orientational Long-Range Ordering of Interstitial Hydrogen Atoms in Metals Having Hexagonal Close Packed Structure; T.M. Radchenko, V.A. Tatarenko.- Effect of Mn and Zr on Hydrogen Absorption in Mg-based Nanocomposites ; x. Yao et al.- Levels of Ion-Implanted Deuterium Retention in Zr and in the Two-Layer Zr-Pd System; I.M. Neklyudov et al.- Simulation of Phase Diagrams in LaNi5-H2(D2); System and Inversion of Isotopic Effect; V.S. Marinin et al.- Features of Phase Transformations in FeCH System at Hydrogen High Pressure Formation of carbon nanocrystals during crystallization of cast irons in hydrogen; L.M. Poltoratsky.- Electrochemical and Hydrogen Sorption Properties of AB5 - Type Alloys Where A - La, Ce; B - Ni, Co, Mn, Fe, Cu, Cr, Al; T.A. Zotov et al.- Peculiarities of Hydrogen Interaction with Intermetaffic Compounds AB; E.Yu. Anikina.- Hydrogen Sorption Properties of Metal Hydride and Glass Phase; L. Grinberga, J. Kleperi.- Formation of Linear Structures in Metal-Hydrogen Interstitial Alloys; N.Z. Namoradze, I.G. Ratishvili.- Effect of Alloying Elements on the Formation of FeTiH4: an ab Initio Study; F.G. Sen et al.- "Hysteresis" in Interaction of Nanocrystalline Magnesium with Hydrogen; K.B. Gerasimov et al.- Hydrogen Permeability of Metals at Presence of Internal Stresses; N.M. Vlasov, I.I. Fedik.- Computer Models of Nanoparticles Inclusive of Hybrid Ones; G.S. Yurjev.- ab-initio Investigation of Hydrogen Absorption by Magnesium Nanoparticles; A.S. Fedorov et al.- Effect of Pressure on Thermodynamic Properties of Light Element Hydrides; Yu.M. Goryachev et al.- Conductivity of Metallic Hydrogen Under High Pressure and Temperature; V. T. Shvets.- Surface-Modified AB5 Alloys with Enhanced Hydrogen Absorption Kinetics; M. Williams et al. Deformation of Aluminium Membrane Induced by Hydrogen Transport; T. Ryumshyna et al. Influence of Metal Substitute on LaNi5 Based Alloys Electrochemical and Sorption Characteristics; L.G. Shcherbakova et al.- Electronic Structure of the Face-Centred Cubic MoO1.9 Phase Obtained Due to Reduction of Hydrogen Bronze H1.63MoO3; O.Yu. Khyzhun et al.- Interaction of Pseudo Alloys Mg-REM-Ni and Composites on Their Base with Hydrogen; D.N. Borisov et al.- Neutron Diffraction Investigation of Hexagonal and Cubic Phases of Ti-C-H System; I. Khidirov et al.- Influence of Vacuum Thermal Treatment on Structure of Solid Solutions TiCxHy; I. Khidirov et al.- Determination of Arrangement of Hydrogen Isotopes in the Solid Solution TiN0.40 H0.19D0.19 by Neutron Diffraction; I. Khidirov et al.- The Obtaining of Intermetallic Compounds from Hydrides of Titanium and Zirconium with Nickel and Cobalt; A.G. Alebanyan et al.-Hydrogen Absorption Properties ZrFe2 and ZrCo2 Based Alloys; T.A. Zotov et al.- ab initio Study of the Electronic Structure and Phonon Dispersions for TiH2 and ZrH2; V.I. Ivashchenko et al.- Initial Stage of Formation of Ordered Nanocrystalline Structures in Films of Zirconia-Based Solid Electrolyte; V.B. Malkov et al.- The Influence of Interstitial Impurities on Temperature Ranges of Deuterium Retention in Austenitic Stainless Steel 18Cr10NiTi; I.M. Neklyudov et al.- Interaction of Hydrogen with Interstitial Impurity in Titanium Powders; O.M. Shapovalova, E.P. Babenko.-The Peculiarities of Formation of Alloys Structure in the System Ti-Zr-Hf-H; S.K. Dolukhanyan et al.- Receiving of Compact Carbides and Carbohydrides Based on Titanium and Vanadium; S.K Dolukhanyan, N.N. Aghajanyan.- Interaction of Intermetallide TiAl with Ammonia; V.N. Fokin et al.- Hydrogen Induced Microtwins in Cr Alloyed Ferrite; K. Lublinska et al.- Hydrogen Sorption in Layered Nanoporous GaSe Crystals; Z.D. Kovalyuk et al.- Investigation of Alloys Formation from Binary Hydrides in Zr-Hf System; D.G. Mayilyan.- New Technique for Producing the Alloys Based on Transition Metals; A.G. Aleksanyan et al.- Formation of Porousless Compact Produces from Hydrides of Refractory Metals; S.K. Dolukhanyan et al.- XRD study of hydrogenated fullerites and metals from IV-V groups; A.A. Rogozinskaja et al.- Hydrogen Solubility in Borohydrides and Metals Hydrides; Z.A. Matysina et al.- Acoustomicroscopy Analysis of Structure Parameters and Physical Characteristics ofHydrogen Containing Materials in Condense State to Detection and Study Their's Limit States; A.I. Kustov, I.A. Migel.- Investigation of the Granulometric Composition and Structure of AlN and SI3N4 Powders After Hydrogen - Thermal Treatment; V.V. Skorokhod et al.- Thermal Conductivity of Hydride Powders Layers Interacted with Hydrogen; A.T. Solovey, Yu.I. Shanin.- Analysis of Restrictions Preventing Implementation of Hydride Heat Pumps; Yu.I. Shanin, O.I. Shanin.- Hydride Heat Pump Application for Additional Cottage Heating; Yu.I. Shanin et al.- The Influence of Nanostructural Oxide Films on Wear-Resistance of Titanium Materials; A.M. Petrova, M.B. Shtern.- Ab Initio Simulations of Liquid and Amorphous SiC and SiCN; V.I. Ivashchenko et al.- Modelling of Diffusion TDS-Spectrum Peak of Dehydriding with Size Reduction and Heat Absorption Effects; Yu.V. Zaika, NJ. Rodchenkova.- Physicochemical Basics of Biosystems Organization and Development; L.V.Bobukh et al.- Cladding of Iron powder with the aim of preparing of Soft Magnetic Materials with Improved Properties; O.A. Panasyuk et al.- Author Index .- Subject Index .-

Produktinformationen

Titel: Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems
Editor:
EAN: 9781402088964
ISBN: 978-1-4020-8896-4
Format: Fester Einband
Genre: Allgemeines & Lexika
Anzahl Seiten: 910
Gewicht: g
Größe: H235mm x B235mm x T155mm
Jahr: 2008
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