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C4 Carbon Fixation

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 136 Seiten
C4 carbon fixation is one of three biochemical mechanisms, along with C3 and CAM photosynthesis, functioning in land plants to "fi... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

C4 carbon fixation is one of three biochemical mechanisms, along with C3 and CAM photosynthesis, functioning in land plants to "fix" carbon dioxide (binding the gaseous molecules to dissolved compounds inside the plant) for sugar production through photosynthesis. C4 fixation is an elaboration of C3 carbon fixation (which operates in most plants), and is believed to have evolved more recently. C4 and CAM overcome the tendency of RuBisCO (the first enzyme in the Calvin cycle) to fix oxygen rather than carbon dioxide, which leads to a loss of energy and carbon in a process called photorespiration. This is achieved by using a more efficient enzyme to fix CO2 in mesophyll cells and shuttling the fixed carbon via malate or oxaloacetate to bundle-sheath cells, where Rubisco is sequestered from atmospheric oxygen and can be saturated with CO2 released by decarboxylation of the malate or oxaloacetate. However, these additional steps require energy in the form of ATP. Because of these tradeoffs, no one of these three photosynthetic pathways is considered superior to the others -- rather, each is best suited to a different set of conditions.

Produktinformationen

Titel: C4 Carbon Fixation
Untertitel: C4 carbon fixation, C3 carbon fixation, Crassulacean acid metabolism, Plant, Carbon dioxide, Sugar, Photosynthesis, RuBisCO, Calvin cycle, Photorespiration, Leaf, Malic acid, Oxaloacetic acid
Editor:
EAN: 9786130274320
ISBN: 978-613-0-27432-0
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Genre: Biologie
Anzahl Seiten: 136
Gewicht: 219g
Größe: H220mm x B150mm x T8mm
Jahr: 2010
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