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Keynes on Uncertainty and Tragic Happiness

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Beschreibung

Most economists who read the General Theory candidly admitted that they could not understand the theoretical apparatus and found it easy to recast it in traditional terms. This book provides a masterful guide to the generally unrecognized methodological revolution that supported the new theoretical concepts -- a veritable lodestone that complements and expands understanding on the treatment of the economic magnitudes appropriate to the ideal of generality in the social sciences, to the applicability of probability, to the formulation of decision-making under uncertainty, and the foundations of economic policy in interdependent economic systems. _Jan Kregel, Levy Economics Institute

Anna Carabelli sets out Keynes's understanding of economics as a way of thinking, encompassing method and morals, rather than as a doctrine. She does so with her customary admirable scholarship and also her willingness to take controversial positions. I commend the volume most highly to Keynes scholars as a drawing-together and development of the themes that Carabelli has pursued since the publication of her 1988 classic, On Keynes's Method. Further Keynes's approach was designed to be applied to different contexts, so I enthusiastically recommend the volume also as a foundation and guide for anyone open to such a 'new way of reasoning in economics' for the modern era. _Sheila Dow, University of Stirling

This book examines the philosophy and methodology of Keynes, highlighting its novelty and how it presented a new form of economic reasoning. Exploring Keynes's use of non-demonstrative logic, based on probability, commonalities are found in his economics, ethics, aesthetics, and international relations. Insights are provided into his reasoning and his approach to uncertainty, rationality, measurability of complex magnitudes, moral and rational dilemmas, and irreducible conflicts.

This book investigates methodological continuity within Keynes's work, in particular in relation to uncertainty, complexity, incommensurability, happiness and openness. It will be relevant to students and researchers interested in Keynes, probability, ambiguity, ethics and the history of economic thought.



Provides rare insight into the philosophical foundations of Keynes' work

Highlights commonality within different periods of Keynes' career

Explores the ideas that influenced Keynes' writing and economic theories



Autorentext

Anna M. Carabelli is Professor of Political Economy at the University of Eastern Piedmont, Italy.



Klappentext

Most economists who read the General Theory candidly admitted that they could not understand the theoretical apparatus and found it easy to recast it in traditional terms. This book provides a masterful guide to the generally unrecognized methodological revolution that supported the new theoretical concepts -- a veritable lodestone that complements and expands understanding on the treatment of the economic magnitudes appropriate to the ideal of generality in the social sciences, to the applicability of probability, to the formulation of decision-making under uncertainty, and the foundations of economic policy in interdependent economic systems. _Jan Kregel, Levy Economics Institute
Anna Carabelli sets out Keynes's understanding of economics as a way of thinking, encompassing method and morals, rather than as a doctrine. She does so with her customary admirable scholarship and also her willingness to take controversial positions. I commend the volume most highly to Keynes scholars as a drawing-together and development of the themes that Carabelli has pursued since the publication of her 1988 classic, On Keynes's Method. Further Keynes's approach was designed to be applied to different contexts, so I enthusiastically recommend the volume also as a foundation and guide for anyone open to such a 'new way of reasoning in economics' for the modern era. _Sheila Dow, University of Stirling
This book examines the philosophy and methodology of Keynes, highlighting its novelty and how it presented a new form of economic reasoning. Exploring Keynes's use of non-demonstrative logic, based on probability, commonalities are found in his economics, ethics, aesthetics, and international relations. Insights are provided into his reasoning and his approach to uncertainty, rationality, measurability of complex magnitudes, moral and rational dilemmas, and irreducible conflicts.
This book investigates methodological continuity within Keynes's work, in particular in relation to uncertainty, complexity, incommensurability, happiness and openness. It will be relevant to students and researchers interested in Keynes, probability, ambiguity, ethics and the history of economic thought.



Inhalt
1. Introduction 2. Rationality as reasonableness: probability 2.1 Probability as reasonableness 2.2 Economic expectations Reasonable and conventional expectations Speculators' knowledge Ignorance and uncertainty 2.3 Reasonable economic policy. The reasonable justification of economic policy and intervention 2.4 Public institutions and limited knowledge Complexity and incommensurability: multidimensional, heterogeneous and interdependent magnitudes. Probability and economic magnitudes 3.1 Probability: measurement and comparison The hypothesis of homogeneity 3.2 Joint judgements: direct and organic judgements Joint judgements of probability and the 'weight or argument', Joint judgements of probability and goodness: right conduct 3.3 Keynes's philosophy of measurement: intrinsically incommensurable magnitudes 3.4 From probability to economic magnitudes The general price level Utility 3.5 Incommensurability due to heterogeneity in dimension 3.6 Keynes's choice of the units of quantities and measure in economics Units of time and comparison in time and space 3.7 The atomic hypothesis (the hypothesis of independence). Organic interdependence. Wholes and parts. 3.8 'Complex or manifold' economic magnitudes 4. The methodology of critique: probability and classical economic theory. Logical fallacies: tacit introduction of hypotheses of homogeneity and independence 4.1 The methodology of critique of probability in A Treatise on Probability 4.2. The methodology of critique of Classical economic theory Critique of premises Search for tacit assumptions Types of tacit assumptions Characteristics of tacit assumptions The limits set to tacit assumptions What Keynes meant by a 'General Theory' The logical flaw in Classical economic theory: ignoratio elenchi The epistemological role of tacit assumptions in classical economic theory 4.3 Keynes's own method of reasoning in The General Theory Uncertainty as Greek tragedy's legacy. Uncertainty as a tragic choice 5.1 Tragedy: main themes 5.2 Tragic moral dilemmas 5.3 Keynes's ethics of virtues 5.4 Pluralism and heterogeneity of ends and values 5.5 Irreducibility of heterogeneous plural ends and values: Keynes's pleasure, goodness and happiness Happiness as Aristotelian tragic eudaimonia 6.1 The 'fragility of goodness' 6.2 The Greek legacy of the ethics of virtues against utilitarianism 6.3 Aesthetics as sublime: 'tragic beauty'. Pluralism in aesthetics, the beautiful and sublime Moral and rational conflicts and dilemmas 7.1 Keynes on moral conflict and dilemmas 7.2 Keynes on rational conflict and dilemmas International relations: complexity, interdependence and multilateralism. A tragic dilemma 8.1 Indian Currency and Finance (1913) and The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919) 8.2 The General Theory (1936) and international relations 8.3 The Commod Control Scheme (1938-42) 8.4 The interwar period: protection and trade as a means of exporting unemployment 8.5 The International Clearing Union, or on trade as exchange of goods against goods 8.6 Memorandum 'Overseas Financial Policy in Stage III' (1945) 8.7 Keynes, current global imbalances and the euro-zone project 9. Conclusions Bibliography Index

Produktinformationen

Titel: Keynes on Uncertainty and Tragic Happiness
Untertitel: Complexity and Expectations
Autor:
EAN: 9783030756642
ISBN: 3030756645
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer International Publishing
Genre: Volkswirtschaft
Anzahl Seiten: 192
Gewicht: 368g
Größe: H216mm x B153mm x T15mm
Jahr: 2021
Auflage: 1st ed. 2021

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