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Algal Toxins

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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Sensor Systems for Biological Threats: The Algal Toxins Case, Pisa, Italy, 30 ... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Sensor Systems for Biological Threats: The Algal Toxins Case, Pisa, Italy, 30 September-11 October 2007

This volume contains the lectures and seminars given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Sensor Systems for Biological Threads: The Algal Toxins Case", held in Pisa, Italy in October, 2007. The Institute was sponsored and funded by the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO. It is my pleasant duty to thank this institution. This ASI offered updated information on how far the research on algal toxins has gone in the exploration of structures, biosynthesis and regulation of toxins, and the development of technology for bio-monitoring these c- pounds. Algae can form heavy growths in ponds, lakes, reservoirs and sl- moving rivers throughout the world; algae can house toxins which are - ually released into water when the cells rupture or die. Hundreds of toxins have been identified so far. Detection methods, including rapid screening, have been developed to help us learning more about them, especially to find out which toxins are a real threat for people and what conditions encourage their production and accumulation. Early detection of algal toxins is an - portant aspect for public safety and natural environment, and significant efforts are underway to develop effective and reliable tools that can be used for this purpose.

Klappentext

The first part deals with a general overview of the toxins and toxicity related to the algal world. The first part includes an introduction on the main algal features written by our group; then, the diversity of the cyanobacteria, the algal division that possesses more toxic species, in relation to the environment is described; an overview on the fresh water and marine algal toxins follows; and the allelopathy phenomenon, i.e. any influence on the growth and development of natural systems produced by the algae metabolites is described. The first part ends with the description of toxic algal blooms in several European geographical areas. The second part deals with the review of sensor organisms, the use of biochemical methods and laser Doppler techniques for toxin determination; the use of nucleic acid sensor sensors for identification of toxic species; the use of immunological ELISA analyses combined with various electrochemical detection systems to quantify algal toxins; a review on sensors based on electrochemical methods, and a gene-engineered yeast usable as biochemical instrument for toxin assessment. TOC:Preface.- The World of Algae.- Cyanobacterial Diversity in Relation to the Environment.- Toxicity of Fresh Water Algal Toxins to Humans and Animals.- Toxicity of Sea Algal Toxins to Humans and Animals.- The Role of Allelopathy for Harmful Algae Bloom Formation.- Checklist of Phytoplankton on the South Coast of Murcia (SE Spain, SW Mediterannean Sea).- Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia Populations from the Middle Thyrrhenian Sea (Mediterannean Sea, Italy).- Algal Blooms in Estonian Small Lakes.- Comparative Estimation of Sensor Organisms Sensitivity for Determination of Water Toxicity.- Biochemical Method for Quantitative Estimation of Cyanobacteria Toxins.- Using of Laser-Doppler Spectrometry for Determination of Toxicity Degree of Chemical and Natural Compounds.- PCR Techniques as Diagnostic Tools for the Identification and Enumeration of Toxic Marine Phytoplankton Species.- Detection of Phytoplankton with Nucleic Acid Sensors.- Development of Sensors to Trace Toxins from Dinoflagellates and other Algae to Seafood.- Recombinant Formaldehyde Dehydrogenase and Gene-engineered Methylotophic Yeasts as Bioanalytical Instruments for Assay of Toxic Formaldehyde.- Electrochemical Sensing Methods: a Brief Review.- Oddities and Curiosities in the Algal World.- Index.- List of Contributors.

Inhalt
Preface.- The World of Algae; L. Barsanti et al.- Cyanobacterial Diversity in Relation to the Environment; B.A. Whitton.- Toxicity of Fresh Water Algal Toxins to Humans and Animals; A. Zaccaroni, D. Scaravelli.- Toxicity of Sea Algal Toxins to Humans and Animals; Z. Zaccaroni, D. Scaravelli.- The Role of Allelopathy for Harmful Algae Bloom Formation; E. Granéli, G.O. Fistarol.- Checklist of Phytoplankton on the South Coast of Murcia (SE Spain, SW Mediterannean Sea); N. Bouza, M. Aboal.- Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia Populations from the Middle Thyrrhenian Sea (Mediterannean Sea, Italy); R. Congestri et al.- Algal Blooms in Estonian Small Lakes; A. Rakko et al.- Comparative Estimation of Sensor Organisms Sensitivity for Determination of Water Toxicity; P. Gualtieri, T. Parshykova.- Biochemical Method for Quantitative Estimation of Cyanobacteria Toxins; L.A. Sirenko, T. Parshykova.- Using of Laser-Doppler Spectrometry for Determination of Toxicity Degree of Chemical and Natural Compounds; V. Vlasenko et al.- PCR Techniques as Diagnostic Tools for the Identification and Enumeration of Toxic Marine Phytoplankton Species; A. Penna, L. Galluzzi.- Detection of Phytoplankton with Nucleic Acid Sensors; S. Diercks et al.- Development of Sensors to Trace Toxins from Dinoflagellates and other Algae to Seafood; P. Albertano et al.- Recombinant Formaldehyde Dehydrogenase and Gene-engineered Methylotophic Yeasts as Bioanalytical Instruments for Assay of Toxic Formaldehyde; G. Gayda et al.- Electrochemical Sensing Methods: a Brief Review; A. Scozzari.- Oddities and Curiosities in the Algal World; L. Barsanti et al.- Index.- List of Contributors.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Algal Toxins
Untertitel: Nature, Occurence, Effect and Detection
Editor:
EAN: 9781402084782
ISBN: 1402084781
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Anzahl Seiten: 400
Gewicht: 776g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T27mm
Jahr: 2008

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