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The Map and the Territory

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This volume presents essays by pioneering thinkers including Tyler Burge, Gregory Chaitin, Daniel Dennett, Barry Mazur, Nicholas H... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

This volume presents essays by pioneering thinkers including Tyler Burge, Gregory Chaitin, Daniel Dennett, Barry Mazur, Nicholas Humphrey, John Searle and Ian Stewart. Together they illuminate the very foundations of science and the scientific enterprise. The authors examine, from various perspectives, the complex relations between reality per se and our human descriptions of the world, as deduced in the process of scientific discovery. Are we living in Plato's Cave? If not, how far have we emerged from it? And what are the various layers of description we can apply to objects and phenomena? A simple apple, for example, can be analyzed from several viewpoints beginning with evolution and biology, all the way down its microscopic quantum mechanical components. Together, the cast of eminent scientists and philosophers shed light on how our various theories and constructs co-exist in a patchwork to produce a seemingly coherent reality. All aficionados of philosophy as well as budding researchers will find here much food for thought as well as new and stimulating perspectives.
The book also includes a foreword by Sir Roger Penrose and an afterword by Dagfinn Follesdal




Shyam Wuppuluri is working as a research associate for R. N. Podar institute. A computer science graduate, he has a long-standing interest in various areas of philosophy, theoretical physics, mathematics and cognitive science. Prior to this, he edited the volume 'Space, time and limits of human understanding, foreword by John Stachel, afterword by Noam Chomsky', which was published in Springer's Frontiers Collection, 2016. 

 E-mail: shyam.wuppuluri@gmail.com

  

Francisco Antonio Doria is a Brazilian physicist. Doria is a Professor Emeritus at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, where he currently teaches on the foundations of economic theory at the graduate School of Engineering (UFRJ COPPE). Doria has a B. Sc. in chemical engineering and a PhD in mathematical physics (under the guidance of Leopoldo Nachbin). He has made contributions to the gauge field copy problem in quantum field theory and proved with Newton da Costa several incompleteness theorems in mathematics, physics and mathematical economics, including the undecidability of chaos theory. Doria is a member of the Brazilian Academy of Philosophy, was a Senior Fulbright Scholar at Stanford University, 1989-1990, and a visiting researcher at the mathematics department, University of Rochester, 1979-1981. He thinks of himself as a philosopher and literary scholar with a humanist education, and has had as students Marcelo Gleiser and José Acacio de Barros, among other noted researchers. He likes to trace his interdisciplinary interests to a 17th century relative, the noted Portuguese writer Father Antonio Vieira (1608-1697). 

 Email: fadoria63@gmail.com



Autorentext

Shyam Wuppuluri is an independent researcher working in the domain of foundations of science. His research interests range from philosophy to theoretical physics, mathematics and cognitive science. He is the recipient of Honra ao Mérito from the Brazilian Academy of Philosophy (Academia Brasileira de Filosofia) and has been a corresponding member of the academy since 2018. He is also the recipient of the prestigious Albert Einstein Fellowship 2020 from the Einstein Forum at Potsdam & Caputh and is a fellow of Royal Society of Arts. He is the instigating editor of several highly interdisciplinary volumes that disseminate and discuss issues underlying the foundations of sciences, and for which he has gathered the world's leading scientists and intellectuals as contributors; among them Noam Chomsky, Sir Roger Penrose, Sir Martin Rees, Daniel Dennett, A. C. Grayling, Nicholas Humphrey, Gregory Chaitin, Gerard 't Hooft, Ian Stewart, Barry Mazur, Stephen Wolfram, Paul Davies, Tyler Burge, Doron Swade, Julian Barbour, Newton Da Costa, Francisco Antonio Doria, Reuben Hersh, Nicholas Maxwell and many others.

  
Francisco Antonio Doria is a Brazilian physicist. Doria is a Professor Emeritus at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, where he currently teaches on the foundations of economic theory at the graduate School of Engineering (UFRJ COPPE). Doria has a B. Sc. in chemical engineering and a PhD in mathematical physics (under the guidance of Leopoldo Nachbin). He has made contributions to the gauge field copy problem in quantum field theory and proved with Newton da Costa several incompleteness theorems in mathematics, physics and mathematical economics, including the undecidability of chaos theory. Doria is a member of the Brazilian Academy of Philosophy, was a Senior Fulbright Scholar at Stanford University, 1989-1990, and a visiting researcher at the mathematics department, University of Rochester, 1979-1981. He thinks of himself as a philosopher and literary scholar with a humanist education, and has had as students Marcelo Gleiser and José Acacio de Barros, among other noted researchers. He likes to trace his interdisciplinary interests to a 17th century relative, the noted Portuguese writer Father Antonio Vieira (1608-1697).



Klappentext
The Map/Territory distinction is a foundational part of the scientific method and, in fact, underlies all of thought, and even reality itself. This fascinating and fundamental topic is addressed here by some of the world's leading thinkers and intellectual giants, whose accessible essays cover six and more fields of endeavor.

It is imperative to distinguish the Map from the Territory when analyzing any subject, yet we often mistake the map for the territory; the meaning for the reference; a computational tool for what it computes. Representations are so handy and tempting that we often end up committing the category error of over-associating the representation with the thing it represents, so much so that the distinction between them is lost. This error, whose roots frequently lie in pedagogy, generates a plethora of paradoxes/confusions which hinder a proper understanding of the subject. What are wave functions? Fields? Forces? Numbers? Sets? Classes? Operators? Functions? Alphabets and Sentences? Are they a part of our map (theory/representation)? Or do they actually belong to the territory (reality)? A researcher, like a cartographer, clothes (or creates?) the reality by stitching together numerous co-existing maps. Is there a reality out there apart from these maps? How do these various maps interact or combine with each other to produce a coherent reality that we interact with? Or do they not?

Does our brain use its own internal maps to facilitate the physicist/mathematician in us to construct, in turn, the maps about the external realm? If so, what is the nature of these internal maps? Are there meta-maps? Evolution definitely fences in our perception and thereby our ability to construct maps, revealing to us only those aspects beneficial for our survival. But to what extent? Is there a way out of this metaphorical Plato's cave erected around us by the nature? Alfred Korzybski once remarked The Map is not the Territory: Join us in this journey to explore the many questions, concepts and interpretations that this claim engenders. 


Inhalt
 Philosophy -- Philosophy of Abstraction. Ontological/Epistemological distinction. Thought
vs Reality. Generalization vs Contextuality.
Theoretical Physics: Space, Time, Dimension, Force, Wave Functions, Operators, Fields,
Strings etc., Are they real? Transition/Correspondence between theories and reality. Various
tangled loops and circular definitions at the foundations of Science.
Mathematics: Magnitude -- Number, Sets, Classes, Functions, Abstract mathematical
structures/objects, Platonism and various schools of thought.
Information Theory/ Computing/Logic: Information is everything. Aspects of computability
and undecidability in our very map (Theories and Constructs) and how far they leak into the
territory (reality).
Biology/Cognitive Science: Perception -- how our map of the territory and thereby the very
territory itself is fenced by the evolution. Brain/Mind and the extent they let us patch the
reality with percepts. Map and Territory, an illusion? From a cognitive viewpoint.

List of authors who have accepted: (* = tentative)


· Ian Stewart, University of Warwick, England. 

· William G Unruh, University of British Columbia, Canada. 

· Gregory Chaitin, IBM and his wife Virginia Chaitin. 

· Simon Saunders (*), Oxford University, Oxford. 

· Simon Kochen(*), Princeton University. 

· Marcelo Gleiser, Professor of physics at Dartmouth.  

· José Acacio de Barros, Associate professor at San Francisco State. 

· Tian Yu Cao, Boston University. 

· David Wolpert, Santa Fe Institute. 

· Vlatko Vedral, University of Oxford. 

· Edward Slowik, Winona State University, USA. <

· Steven Weinstein, University of Waterloo. 

· Eors Szathmary, Munich and Eötvös University. 

· Barry Dainton, University of Liverpool. 

· John Searle (*), University of California. 

Produktinformationen

Titel: The Map and the Territory
Untertitel: Exploring the Foundations of Science, Thought and Reality
Editor:
EAN: 9783319724782
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Genre: Physik, Astronomie
Anzahl Seiten: 641
Veröffentlichung: 13.02.2018
Dateigrösse: 10.8 MB

Weitere Bände aus der Buchreihe "The Frontiers Collection"