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Essays on the Foundations of Mathematics by Moritz Pasch

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Moritz Pasch (1843-1930) is justly celebrated as a key figure in the history of axiomatic geometry. Less well known are his contr... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Moritz Pasch (1843-1930) is justly celebrated as a key figure in the history of axiomatic geometry. Less well known are his contributions to other areas of foundational research. This volume features English translations of 14 papers Pasch published in the decade 1917-1926. In them, Pasch argues that geometry and, more surprisingly, number theory are branches of empirical science; he provides axioms for the combinatorial reasoning essential to Hilbert's program of consistency proofs; he explores "implicit definition" (a generalization of definition by abstraction) and indicates how this technique yields an "empiricist" reconstruction of set theory; he argues that we cannot fully understand the logical structure of mathematics without clearly distinguishing between decidable and undecidable properties; he offers a rare glimpse into the mind of a master of axiomatics, surveying in detail the thought experiments he employed as he struggled to identify fundamental mathematical principles; and much more. This volume will: Give English speakers access to an important body of work from a turbulent and pivotal period in the history of mathematics, help us look beyond the familiar triad of formalism, intuitionism, and logicism, show how deeply we can see with the help of a guide determined to present fundamental mathematical ideas in ways that match our human capacities, will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in logic and the foundations of mathematics.



Inhalt

Translator's Introduction.- 1: Fundamental Questions of Geometry.- 2: The Decidability Requirement.- 3: The Origin of the Concept of Number.- 4: Implicit Definition and the Proper Grounding of Mathematics.- 5: Rigid Bodies in Geometry.- 6: Prelude to Geometry: the Essential Ideas.- 7: Physical and Mathematical Geometry.- 8: Natural Geometry.- 9: The Concept of the Differentail.- 10: Reflections on the Proper Grounding of Mathematics I.- 11: Concepts and Proofs in Mathematics.- 12 Dimension and Space in Mathematics.- 13: Reflections on the proper Grounding of Mathematics II.- 14: The Axiomatic Method in Modern Mathematics.- Index.

Produktinformationen

Titel: Essays on the Foundations of Mathematics by Moritz Pasch
Editor:
Autor:
EAN: 9789048194162
ISBN: 978-90-481-9416-2
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller: Springer Netherlands
Herausgeber: Springer
Genre: Grundlagen
Anzahl Seiten: 248
Veröffentlichung: 03.08.2010
Jahr: 2010
Dateigrösse: 2.2 MB