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Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Circulating Tumor Cells

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Numerous studies have shown that elevated levels of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in blood of cancer patients are associated wit... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Numerous studies have shown that elevated levels of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in blood of cancer patients are associated with poor response to treatment and inferior survival probabilities. Despite this clinical significance, the molecular biology of CTCs remains poorly understood. The paucity in molecular information can be attributed to the tremendous technical challenges involved in isolating these extremely rare cells. Recent technological advancements in rare-cell technology, however, have allowed for the reliable enrichment and isolation of CTCs. Consequently, the use of recently developed molecular approaches -e.g., multiplexed QPCR, microarray, and next generation sequencing analyses- to profile CTCs have provided novel insights into the molecular makeup of these tumor cells. This book discusses approaches for enrichment and isolation of CTCs as well as recent advances in comprehensive molecular profiling of CTCs using cutting-edge omics technology.



Klappentext

The past decade has seen remarkable progress in elucidating the clinical relevance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). Evidence from numerous clinical studies has unequivocally demonstrated the importance of CTCs as harbingers of poor outcome. Despite these advances, the molecular nature of CTCs remains elusive. This is in part due to the difficulty in isolating pure CTCs away from blood cells.

Recent advancements in rare-cell technology have provided solutions to the once daunting task of isolating extremely rare CTCs in the blood of cancer patients. This book presents different novel approaches for detection and purification of CTCs. In addition, the readers are introduced to new technologies for molecular profiling of CTCs, including techniques to overcome limitations posed by the paucity of cells and the biomolecules available for downstream molecular analysis.

This book is particularly relevant to scientists and academicians who are interested in the field of CTC research. It provides an overview of the recent technological advances in CTC isolation and profiling. This work also includes discussions on pertinent issues regarding the biology of CTCs, and their potential utility as liquid biopsy for personalized medicine. We hope that this book stimulate further research and help advance our understanding of the molecular biology of CTCs.



Inhalt

 Preface. 

1

Circulating Tumor Cells as Cancer Biomarkers.-

2

Strategies for Isolation and Molecular Profiling of Circulating Tumor Cells

3

Aptamer-Based Methods for Detection of Circulating Tumor Cells and Their Potential for Personalized Diagnostics

4

Development of a Protocol for Single-Cell Analysis of Circulating Tumor Cells in Patients with Solid Tumors

5

Flow Cytometric Methods for Circulating Tumor Cell Isolation and Molecular Analysis

6

Enrichment and Detection of Circulating Tumor Cells and Other Rare Cell Populations by Microfluidic Filtration

7

Detection and Enumeration of Circulating Tumor Cells with Invasive Phenotype

8

Molecular Profiling and Significance of Circulating Tumor Cell Based Genetic Signatures

9

Detection of Gene-Rearrangements in Circulating Tumor Cells: Examples of ALK-, ROS1-, RET-Rearrangements in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer and ERG-Rearrangements in Prostate Cancer

10

Enrichment, Isolation, and Molecular Characterization of EpCAM-Negative Circulating Tumor Cells

11

Expression of Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition and Cancer Stem Cell Markers in Circulating Tumor Cells

12

Mesenchymal-Epithelial Transition in Circulating Tumor Cells of Small Cell Lung Cancer

13

Clinical Relevance of a Candidate Stem Cell Marker, p75 Neurotrophin Receptor (p75NTR) Expression in Circulating Tumor Cells

14

Personalized Treatment Through Detection and Monitoring of Genetic Aberrations in Single Circulating Tumor Cells

15

Glycan Markers as Potential Immunological Targets of Circulating Tumor Cells 

16

Significance of EGFR Expression in Circulating Tumor Cells

Produktinformationen

Titel: Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Circulating Tumor Cells
Editor:
EAN: 9783319559476
ISBN: 978-3-319-55947-6
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller: Springer International Publishing
Herausgeber: Springer
Genre: Medizin
Veröffentlichung: 29.05.2017
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen
Dateigrösse: 6.23 MB
Anzahl Seiten: 301
Jahr: 2017

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