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Intuition and the Axiomatic Method

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Following developments in modern geometry, logic and physics, many scientists and philosophers in the modern era considered Kant'... Weiterlesen
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Following developments in modern geometry, logic and physics, many scientists and philosophers in the modern era considered Kant's theory of intuition to be obsolete. But this only represents one side of the story concerning Kant, intuition and twentieth century science. Several prominent mathematicians and physicists were convinced that the formal tools of modern logic, set theory and the axiomatic method are not sufficient for providing mathematics and physics with satisfactory foundations. All of Hilbert, Gödel, Poincaré, Weyl and Bohr thought that intuition was an indispensable element in describing the foundations of science. They had very different reasons for thinking this, and they had very different accounts of what they called intuition. But they had in common that their views of mathematics and physics were significantly influenced by their readings of Kant. In the present volume, various views of intuition and the axiomatic method are explored, beginning with Kant's own approach. By way of these investigations, we hope to understand better the rationale behind Kant's theory of intuition, as well as to grasp many facets of the relations between theories of intuition and the axiomatic method, dealing with both their strengths and limitations; in short, the volume covers logical and non-logical, historical and systematic issues in both mathematics and physics.

Preface Part I Mathematical Aspects Locke and Kant on Mathematical Knowledge : Emily Carson The View from 1763: Kant on the Arithmetical Method before Intuition : Ofra Rechter The Relation of Logic and Intuition in Kant's Philosophy of Science, Particularly Geometry : Ulrich Majer Edmund Husserl on the Applicability of Formal Geometry : René Jagnow The Neo-Fregean Program in the Philosophy of Arithmetic : William Demopoulos Gödel, Realism and Mathematical 'Intuition' : Michael Hallett Intuition, Objectivity and Structure : Elaine Landry Part II Physical Aspects Intuition and Cosmology: The Puzzle of Incongruent Counterparts : Brigitte Falkenburg Conventionalism and Modern Physics: a Re-Assessment : Robert DiSalle Intuition and the Axiomatic Method in Hilbert's Foundation of Physics : Ulrich Majer, Tilman Sauer Soft Axiomatisation: John von Neumann on Method and von Neumann's Method in the Physical Sciences : Miklòs Rèdei, Michael Stöltzner The Intuitiveness and Truth of Modern Physics : Peter Mittelstaedt Functions of Intuition in Quantum Physics : Brigitte Falkenburg Intuitive Cognition and the Formation of Theories : Renate Huber


Titel: Intuition and the Axiomatic Method
EAN: 9781402040405
ISBN: 978-1-4020-4040-5
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Hersteller: Springer Netherlands
Herausgeber: Springer
Genre: Philosophie
Anzahl Seiten: 324
Veröffentlichung: 02.07.2006
Jahr: 2006
Dateigrösse: 1.6 MB