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The Chemistry of Soils

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The second edition of The Chemistry of Soils, published in 2008, has been used as a main text in soil-science courses across the w... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

The second edition of The Chemistry of Soils, published in 2008, has been used as a main text in soil-science courses across the world, and the book is widely cited as a reference for researchers in geoscience, agriculture, and ecology. The book introduces soil into its context within geoscience and chemistry, addresses the effects of global climate change on soil, and provides insight into the chemical behavior of pollutants in soils. Since 2008, the field of soil science has developed in three key ways that Sposito addresses in this third edition. For one, research related to the Critical Zone (the material extending downward from vegetation canopy to groundwater) has undergone widespread reorganization as it becomes better understood as a key resource to human life. Secondly, scientists have greatly increased their understanding of how organic matter in soil functions in chemical reactions. Finally, the study of microorganisms as they relate to soil science has significantly expanded. The new edition is still be comprised of twelve chapters, introducing students to the principal components of soil, discussing a wide range of chemical reactions, and surveying important human applications. The chapters also contain completely revised annotated reading lists and problem sets.

Autorentext

Gary Sposito was the former Chair in Soil Science and is now Professor Emeritus of Ecosystem Sciences and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley.



Inhalt

1 The Composition of Soils 1.1 Natural Capital 1.2 Soil Pore Fluids 1.3 Soil Minerals as Nutrient Capital 1.4 How Minerals Weather 1.5 Soil Humus as Nutrient Capital For Further Reading Problems 2 Soil Minerals 2.1 How Mineral Structures Form 2.2 Primary Silicates as Nutrient Capital 2.3 Clay Minerals and Cation Retention 2.4 Metal Oxide Minerals and Ion Retention 2.5 Soil Carbonates and Sulfates For Further Reading Problems 3 Soil Humus 3.1 Biomolecules in Humus 3.2 Humus Composition 3.3 Stabilizing Soil Humus 3.4 Humus Buffering 3.5 Reactions with Organic Chemicals For Further Reading Problems 4 The Soil Solution 4.1 Sampling Soil Solutions 4.2 Soluble Complexes 4.3 Chemical Speciation 4.4 Calculating Chemical Speciation 4.5 Calculating Conditional Stability Constants For Further Reading Problems 5 Mineral Weathering 5.1 Mineral Dissolution 5.2 Mineral Weathering Sequences 5.3 Mineral Stability during Weathering 5.4 The GLO Step Rule 5.5 Phosphate Transformations in Calcareous Soils For Further Reading Problems 6 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 6.1 Flooded Soils 6.2 Understanding Transformations in Flooded Soils 6.3 Generalizing the Sequence: The Redox Ladder 6.4 Exploring the Redox Ladder 6.5 pE-pH Diagrams For Further Reading Problems 7 Soil Particle Surface Charge 7.1 Structural Charge 7.2 Stern Layer Charge 7.3 Surface Charge 7.4 Points of Zero Charge 7.5 Schindler Diagrams For Further Reading Problems 8 Soil Adsorption Phenomena 8.1 Measuring Adsorption 8.2 Modeling Adsorption 8.3 Understanding Metal Cation Adsorption 8.4 Understanding Anion Adsorption 8.5 Surface Redox Processes For Further Reading Problems 9 Exchangeable Ions 9.1 Defining Exchange Capacity 9.2 Defining Exchange Isotherms 9.3 Understanding Ion Exchange Selectivity 9.4 Toxic Metals in Soils: Biotic Ligand Model 9.5 Humus Buffering: NICA-Donnan Model For Further Reading Problems 10 Soil Colloids 10.1 Defining Soil Colloids 10.2 Understanding Flocculation 10.3 Rapid Flocculation: The Schulze-Hardy Rule 10.4 Rapid Flocculation and Ionicity 10.5 Slow Flocculation For Further Reading Problems 11 Soil Acidity 11.1 Proton Cycling and Soil pH 11.2 Acid-Neutralizing Capacity 11.3 The Problem of Aluminum 11.4 Redox Reactions and Soil pH 11.5 Neutralizing Soil Acidity For Further Reading Problems 12 Soil Salinity 12.1 Exploring Saline Soil Solutions 12.2 Sodicity and Salinity 12.3 Mineral Weathering in Arid-Zone Soils 12.4 The Problem of Boron 12.5 Irrigation Water Quality For Further Reading Problems

Produktinformationen

Titel: The Chemistry of Soils
Autor:
EAN: 9780190630904
ISBN: 978-0-19-063090-4
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (epub)
Herausgeber: Oxford University Press
Genre: Chemie
Anzahl Seiten: 344
Veröffentlichung: 01.09.2016
Jahr: 2016
Auflage: 3. Auflage
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 13.6 MB