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The Dyslexic Adult

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A definitive and evidence-based guide for psychologists, teachers, coaches, HR personnel and all professionals who must understand and work with dyslexic adults.

  • The only book to look at dyslexia within the context of life span developmental psychology, including the factors that contribute to success - now fully revised and updated
  • Combines an accessible style with a strong focus on evidence-based practice and a sound theoretical model on which to base assessment, counselling, teaching and training
  • Provides a clear guide to the kinds of assessment that can be conducted and the ways in which dyslexic adults can be supported in selection, training, education and employment
  • Includes coverage of overlapping syndromes such as dyspraxia and dyscalculia, and up-to-date check lists for syndromes that can be used as part of the assessment process

David McLoughlin is a Visiting Professor in Psychology at the University of Buckingham. He is Director of Independent Dyslexia Consultants, a UK organisation which has worked with dyslexic adults and children for 25 years.

Carol A. Leather is training director at Independent Dyslexia Consultants and a researcher at Surrey University. She has been instrumental in developing strategic approaches to support dyslexic employees in sectors including the emergency services, banking and the civil service.

Together, David and Carol edited the 2010 edition of the British Dyslexia Association's prestigious Dyslexia in Employment Handbook.

Now in its second edition, The Dyslexic Adult: Interventions and Outcomes encompasses the enormous changes in the understanding of dyslexia at both cognitive and neurological levels. New understanding of dyslexia as a complex syndrome has spurred an international shift towards evidence based practice. The authors' commitment to this is reflected in their approach, which relies on primary sources to underpin assessment, counselling and training.

The authors argue for the importance of understanding dyslexia within the context of life span development psychology. Establishing a sound theoretical model on which good practice should be based; they provide a clear guide to assessments that can be conducted, and the ways in which dyslexic adults can be supported in selection, training, education and employment. They also include coverage of overlapping syndromes (dyspraxia, dyscalculia), and provide up-to-date check lists for syndromes that can be used as part of the assessment process. The result is a book that provides the definitive guide for psychologists, specialist tutors, teachers, coaches and human resource personnel wanting to understand, and work with, dyslexic adults.

Preface to the Second Edition xv

Preface to the First Edition xvii

Acknowledgements xix

Prologue xxi

1 Dyslexia in the Adult Years 1

Introduction 1

History 5

Terminology 6

Defining Dyslexia 6

Evidence-based Practice 8

The Nature of Dyslexia: Behavioural Characteristics 10

Observable Behavioural Characteristics 11

Affective Characteristics 12

Positive Characteristics 13

Behavioural Characteristics: Empirical Evidence 15

Explaining Characteristics 15

Biology and Neurology 15

Cognition 17

Dyslexia: AWorking Memory Model 19

Explaining Positive Characteristics 23

Explaining Affective Characteristics 26

AWorking Definition 28

Dyslexia and Other Syndromes 28

Dyspraxia 29

Dyscalculia 30

Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 31

Asperger's Syndrome 31

Visual Stress 32

Degrees of Dyslexia 32

The Prevalence of Dyslexia 33

Summary 34

2 Interventions 35

Introduction 35

Psychological Development in the Adult Years 35

Transitions 37

Successful Adjustment 38

Risk and Resilience 38

Learning in Adulthood 40

Types of Intervention 41

The Role of the Tutor/Coach 44

Key Skills 44

The Development of Metacognitive Skills 46

Skill Development, Compensation and Accommodation: An Integrated Framework for Development 47

Alternative Interventions 49

Summary 51

3 Identification and Assessment 52

Introduction 52

Information Gathering 53

Interviews 54

Screening 57

Checklists 57

Computer-based Tests 58

LADS Plus Version 58

StudyScan and QuickScan 58

Individually Administered Tests 59

York Adult Assessment Battery 59

Dyslexia Adult Screening Test (DAST) 60

Scholastic Abilities Test for Adults (SATA) 60

Formal Diagnosis 61

Testing Intelligence 62


Verbal Tests 64

Working Memory Tests 64

Perceptual Reasoning Tests 64

Processing Speed 64

The Global Composite Full Scale IQ 64

The Specific Composite Index Scores 65

The Sub-test Level WAIS-IV as an Ipsative Test 65

The Item Level and Task Cognitive Capacities 66

Abbreviated Scales 67

Tests for Teachers 68

Further Psychological Testing 68

Phonological Processing and Naming Speed 68

Memory Ability 69

Executive Functioning 70

Achievements in Literacy and Numeracy 71

Reading 71

Reading Levels 71

The Components of a Reading Assessment 73

Decoding 73

Comprehension 74

Listening Comprehension 75

Speed of Reading 75

The Assessment of Metacognition in Reading 76

The Assessment of Reading Skills and Information Technology 77

Writing and Spelling 77

Numeracy 79

Measuring Affective Characteristics 80

Self-Esteem 80

Anxiety 80

Re-assessment 81

Diagnosis and English as an Additional Language 81

Diagnosis and Other Syndromes 83

Dyspraxia/DCD 84

Dyscalculia 84


Asperger's Syndrome 85

Visual Stress 85

Pretending to Have a Learning Difficulty 86

Feedback to Client 86

ReportWriting 87

Summary 88

Appendix A: Sample Report 95

Appendix B: A Guide through the Maze of Assessments 97

4 Counselling 100

Introduction 100

Aims of Counselling 101

Issues in Counselling Dyslexic People 101

Approaches to Counselling 102

Couple Counselling 110

Referring On 110

Summary 111

5 Personal Development 112

Introduction 112

Self-understanding 112

The Nature of the Difficulty 113

Interpreting Dyslexia 113

Abilities and Strengths 116

Metacognition 123

The Importance of Metacognition to Learning andWorking 124

A Metacognitive Technique 127

Issues in Personal Development 128

Self Advocacy 129

Personal Organisation 129

Goal Setting 130

Prioritisation 130

Memory Skills 132

Social Skills 133

A Dyslexic Person's Perspective 135

A Case History C 138

Summary 140

6 Literacy for Living 141

Introduction 141

Prose Literacy 142

Document Literacy 142

Quantitative Literacy 142

Lifelong Learning 142

Planning a Programme 144

Information Processing and Literacy 145

Improving Levels of Literacy 147

Improving Reading Accuracy 147

Improving Reading Comprehension 151

The Pass Reading Strategy 151

Improving Spelling 153

ImprovingWriting 154

Improving Quantative Literacy...


Titel: The Dyslexic Adult
Untertitel: Interventions and Outcomes - An Evidence-based Approach
EAN: 9781118323328
ISBN: 978-1-118-32332-8
Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
Format: E-Book (pdf)
Herausgeber: Wiley-Blackwell
Genre: Pädagogik
Anzahl Seiten: 336
Veröffentlichung: 05.02.2013
Jahr: 2013
Auflage: 2. Aufl.
Untertitel: Englisch
Dateigrösse: 3.5 MB
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