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Varieties of Things

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Varieties of Things: Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics is about some of the most fundamental kinds of things that there are;... Weiterlesen
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Beschreibung

Varieties of Things: Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics is about some of the most fundamental kinds of things that there are; the things that we encounter in everyday experience.

  • A book about the things that we encounter in everyday experience.
  • Contains a thorough and accessible discussion of the nature and aims of metaphysics.
  • Examines a wide range of ontological categories, including both particulars and universals.
  • Mounts a forceful and persuasive case for anti-reductionism.


  • Cynthia Macdonald is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. She is Associate Editor of the Australasian Journal of Philosophy and the author or editor of numerous publications, including The Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation (co-edited with Graham Macdonald, Blackwell, 1994), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation (co-edited with Graham Macdonald, Blackwell, 1995) and Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics (co-edited with Stephen Laurence, Blackwell, 1998).

    Autorentext
    Cynthia Macdonald is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. She is Associate Editor of the Australasian Journal of Philosophy and the author or editor of numerous publications, including The Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation (co-edited with Graham Macdonald, Blackwell, 1994), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation (co-edited with Graham Macdonald, Blackwell, 1995) and Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics (co-edited with Stephen Laurence, Blackwell, 1998).

    Klappentext
    Varieties of Things: Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics explores the fundamental ontological categories of things; things that we encounter in everyday life, such as material substances, persons, events and universals.

    The author begins with a thorough and accessible discussion of the nature and aims of metaphysics. She then goes on to develop tools that can be used to engage in metaphysical thinking about the basic varieties of things.

    The book both surveys existing accounts of the natures of these kinds of things, and argues for unique original positions of its own. The arguments support a systematically anti-reductionist view of the basic ontological categories.



    Zusammenfassung
    Varieties of Things: Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics is about some of the most fundamental kinds of things that there are; the things that we encounter in everyday experience.
    • A book about the things that we encounter in everyday experience.
    • Contains a thorough and accessible discussion of the nature and aims of metaphysics.
    • Examines a wide range of ontological categories, including both particulars and universals.
    • Mounts a forceful and persuasive case for anti-reductionism.


    Inhalt

    Preface vii

    Part I: Metaphysics and Its Tools

    1 The Nature and Function of Metaphysics 3

    The Methodology and Subject Matter of Metaphysics 4

    Aristotle's Conception of Metaphysics 8

    Kant's Conception of Metaphysics 11

    A Working Conception of Metaphysics 14

    2 Some Tools of Metaphysics 36

    Criteria of Ontological Commitment: Two Examples 36

    'No Entity without Identity': Identity Conditions for Objects 56

    Individuation Conditions, Identity Conditions, and Metaphysical Kinds 59

    Principles and Criteria of Identity 63

    Part II: Particulars

    3 Material Substances 79

    Our Ontological Commitment to Material Substances 79

    The Bundle Theory and the Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles 81

    Problems with the Bundle Theory 84

    The Bare Substratum Theory and the Principle of Acquaintance 110

    Objections to the Bare Substratum Theory 113

    An Alternative 114

    4 Persons and Personal Identity 135

    Our Ontological Commitment to Persons 135

    Candidates for Persistence Conditions for Persons 138

    The Closest Continuer Theory and Its Problems 150

    Does the Concept of Identity Apply to Persons? 155

    The Multiple Occupancy Thesis 162

    Back to Basics: Continuity and Fission 164

    A Suggestion 169

    5 Events 181

    Our Ontological Commitment to Events 183

    Three Criteria: Spatio-temporal Coincidence, Necessary Spatio-temporal Coincidence, and Sameness of Cause and Effect 186

    The Property Exemplification Account of Events (PEE) 193

    Part III: Universals

    6 Universals and the Realism/Nominalism Dispute 219

    The Issue 223

    Varieties of Nominalism 225

    Two Conceptions of Universals 236

    The Regress Charge and Two Unsuccessful Attempts to Meet It 239

    An Alternative 245

    Bibliography 260

    Index 272

    Produktinformationen

    Titel: Varieties of Things
    Untertitel: Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics
    Autor:
    EAN: 9781405154444
    ISBN: 978-1-4051-5444-4
    Digitaler Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM
    Format: E-Book (pdf)
    Herausgeber: Wiley-Blackwell
    Genre: Allgemeines, Lexika
    Anzahl Seiten: 288
    Veröffentlichung: 15.04.2008
    Jahr: 2008
    Untertitel: Englisch
    Dateigrösse: 1.1 MB