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Urban Structure in Hot Arid Environments

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This essential reference guide to strategies and solutions for urban planning in hot arid environments reflects the journey towar... Lire la suite
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This essential reference guide to strategies and solutions for urban planning in hot arid environments reflects the journey toward many cities, towns and villages in Iran, which are documented and presented in the form of case studies and comparative analysis. It is the outcome of extensive research on the influence of historical, cultural and climatic factors on urban spatial forms and rural complexes in Iran's Hot Arid Zone.

The environment of the Hot Arid Zone offers valuable insights into how to overcome historical difficulties, how to endure harsh climatic conditions, how to be innovative and creative in responding to problems in new ways, and how to utilize natural energy sources. Considerable attention is given to the recognition of values, current problems and the renewal of traditional fabrics, urban blocks and traditional buildings. Important aspects in both academic education and in the urban design profession include traditional urban structures and traditional approaches to using natural energy as a creative process that is continuously changing and renews itself over time - a dynamic characteristic from which we can glean many lessons for the future.

This book is based on a book previously published by the author in Persian. This version is an extensively revised version.

Part I: Influence of Historical Factors.- Ancient City Structure and its Transformation in Islamic Period.- Urban Structure in Islamic Territories.- Iranian Cities in Islamic Period, the Middle Ages.- Research Domain.- The Elements of Urban Structure.- Neighborhood and Neighborhood centers.- Mosques, Tombs and Musallas.- Public Spaces.- Bazaar.- Citadel.- Qanat, Garden.-Typical Historical Cities.- Yazd.- Nain.- Zaware.- Tabas.- Semnan.- Kashan.- Shiraz.- Birjand and Anarak.- Tehran.-  Part II: Influence of Climatic Factors.- Urban Form and Architecture in the Hot Arid Zone of Iran.-  Research Domain.- Climatic Structure of the City and the Old Part.- Urban Blocks, Courtyard houses, and Orientation.- Wind catcher, Wind energy.- Organic Unity between Urban and Architectural Elements: Urban Blocks, Courtyard Houses, Ivan, Dome and Wind catcher.- Dome.- Form and function of wind catcher and air vent to ventilate public and private urban elements.- Houses, water reservoirs, caravanserais and mosques.- Uniting the parts: courtyard, summer area including ivan, wind catcher, basement, and winter area into a whole complex: a house.- Part III: Case Studies.- Utilization of Natural Energy.- Research Domain.-Basic Problems.- Case Study 1.- Urban Design in the Inner Core of the Historic City of Yazd.- Case Study 2.- Urban Design Kargar Street Tehran.- Case Study 3.- Redesign of Hasan Abad Square Tehran.- Case Study 4.- Experimentation of new forms of Urban Block.- Appendix A: Climatic characteristics and classification of Iran, studies of the hot arid zone.-  Appendix B: Scientific consideration, a comparative study between Phoenix Arizona and Yazd Iran.- Appendix C: Overheated period in Yazd.- Notes.- Glossary.- Index.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Urban Structure in Hot Arid Environments
Sous-titre: Strategies for Sustainable Development
Code EAN: 9783319390987
ISBN: 978-3-319-39098-7
Protection contre la copie numérique: filigrane numérique
Format: eBook (pdf)
Producteur: Springer International Publishing
Editeur: Springer
Genre: Art
nombre de pages: 241
Parution: 20.07.2016
Année: 2016
Taille de fichier: 22.1 MB

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