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From Revolutionary Theater to Reactionary Litanies

  • Livre Relié
  • 1136 Nombre de pages
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Hervé's evolution toward French national socialism sympathetic to fascism involved ongoing rivalries within the French Left. ... Lire la suite
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Description

Hervé's evolution toward French national socialism sympathetic to fascism involved ongoing rivalries within the French Left. Hervé's marginal interwar national socialist parties sought to employ patriotism and religion to solve French problems. Losing hope in Pétain after the fall of France, the aging Hervé put his faith in Christian socialism.

Gustave Hervé (1871-1944) seemed to have traditional Breton roots and a typical republican education. As a young socialist journalist and professor, he gained notoriety following a 1901 article which appeared to plant the tricolor in a dung pile. When French socialists unified in 1905, the Hervéistes were an influential minority. The antimilitarist movement called Hervéism gradually emerged as a quixotic crusade to unite revolutionaries against war and for socialism. Hervé soon founded a weekly newspaper, La Guerre Sociale . Over the next six years, press campaigns, trials, prison, demonstrations, strikes, and conspiratorial organizations maintained Hervé's profile and sold newspapers. Ironically, Hervé advertised conspiracies, which suggests revolutionary theater more than practical politics. Among Hervé's rivals, such theatrics often generated resentment. While Hervé's movement succeeded as a media experience, his leftist competitors became jealous and skeptical. As revolutionary theater Hervéism might have been entertaining, but the actors and some of the audience often confused revolutionary art with political reality. By 1911 the ingenuous Hervé felt betrayed. His failure to unite revolutionaries began an evolution toward the nation and its traditional Catholic faith. Besides the international situation, one crucial determinant in Hervé's evolution toward French national socialism sympathetic to fascism involved ongoing rivalries within the French Left. Hervé's marginal interwar national socialist parties sought to employ patriotism and religion to solve French problems. By 1935 he attempted to draft Pétain to lead an authoritarian republic. Gradually losing hope in Pétain after the fall of France, the aging Hervé put his faith in Christian socialism.

Auteur
Michael B. Loughlin has taught history and political science at Ohio Northern University for the past 27 years. At ONU Loughlin represented the university on the World Affairs Council of Greater Cincinnati until 2007 and since 1996 as coordinator for Phi Beta Delta, whose ONU chapter has won several regional and national awards in the past decade. During that time he has continued his research on Gustave Hervé and published several articles in The Journal of Contemporary History, European Review of History/Revue Européenne D'Histoire, the Proceedings of the Western Society for French History, and Beregynia. 777. Owl: The Journal. Loughlin's research has been constantly expanded since his PhD dissertation «The Political Transformation of Gustave Hervé, 1871-1944», completed at Indiana University in 1987 under the direction of William B. Cohen.

Contenu
Contents: "Un Breton de Bretagne Bretonnante" "Le Drapeau dans le Fumier" - "Un Commis Voyageur Du Socialisme" - L'Association Internationale Antimilitariste and L'Affiche Rouge of 1905 - The Foundation of La Guerre Sociale: Activist Journalism or Revolutionary Theater? - Journalists and Prisoners: Hervé and the Staff at La Guerre Sociale - The Midi Crisis, the Socialist Congresses at Nancy and Stuttgart and the First Campaigns - The Draveil-Villeneuve-Saint-Georges Strike and Demonstrations - The Postal Strikes of 1909, the Francisco Ferrer Affair, and the Liabeuf Affair - Le Parti Révolutionnaire and Le Comité Révolutionnaire Antiparlementaire (C.R.A.) - The Railroad Strike of 1910 and the Origins of Le Retournement - The Aernoult-Rousset Affair - Les Jeunes Gardes Révolutionnaires (J.G.R.) and Le Service de Sûreté Révolutionnaire (S.S.R.) - La Rectification du Tir and Le Nouvel Hervéisme - From "La Bataille de la Salle Wagram" Until the July Crisis - La Grande Guerre: Gustave Hervé and the Origins of a French National Socialism - The Postwar Crisis in France - Le Parti Socialiste National of 1919 - De-population and De-Christianization - La Victoire and Its Director During the Interwar: Plus Ça Change Plus Ça La Même Chose - Financial and Circulation Problems at La Victoire - Le Parti de la République Autoritaire - The Reawakened Parti Socialiste National and the Elections of 1928 - The Syndicats Unionistes and the Milice Socialiste National - Interwar Foreign Policy: The Increasingly Turbulent Eye Between Two Storms - Gustave Hervé and Anti-Semitism - The Stavisky Affair and the Events of February 6, 1934 - C'est Pétain qu'il nous faut! - The Popular Front and Hervé's Return to His Ancestral Faith - Hervé's Interwar Reactions to Fascism and Nazism - Hervé, World War II, and Vichy.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: From Revolutionary Theater to Reactionary Litanies
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9781433131004
ISBN: 978-1-4331-3100-4
Format: Livre Relié
Genre: Histoire
nombre de pages: 1136
Poids: 1890g
Taille: H230mm x B230mm x T155mm
Année: 2016
Auflage: Neuausg.