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Dendrimers

  • Livre Relié
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Klappentext This book will be mainly focussed on the properties and uses of dendrimers and dendrons. The aim of this book is to be... Lire la suite
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Description

Klappentext This book will be mainly focussed on the properties and uses of dendrimers and dendrons. The aim of this book is to be the reference book about dendrimers applications. It will not describe all details, but it will give the reader a unique overview of what has currently been done with dendrimers, with numerous references and illustrations. It will be divided in four main parts: Part 1) Generalities, syntheses, characterizations and properties; Part 2) Applications in catalysis; Part 3) Applications for the elaboration or modification of materials; and Part 4) Applications in biology/medicine. The role of the nanometric size and the multiple functions of dendrimers on the properties will be emphasized. Zusammenfassung The definitive reference book on the subject, Dendrimers: Towards Catalytic, Material and Biomedical Uses focuses on the properties and uses of dendrimers and dendrons. Providing a unique overview of existing research, with numerous references and illustrations, it emphasizes the role of nanometric size and multiple functions of dendrimers. Inhaltsverzeichnis Preface xvPart 1 Generalities, Syntheses, Characterizations, and Physicochemical Properties 11 Syntheses of Dendrimers and Dendrons 3Anne-Marie Caminade1.1 Introduction: What Are Dendrimers and Dendrons? 31.2 Syntheses of Poly(propyleneimine) Dendrimers (PPI) 51.3 Synthesis of Poly(amidoamine) Dendrimers (PAMAM) 51.4 Syntheses of Poly(ether) Dendrimers 71.5 Syntheses of Poly(ester) Dendrimers 101.6 Synthesis of Poly(lysine) Dendrimers 141.7 Syntheses of Silicon-Containing Dendrimers 151.8 Syntheses of Phosphorus-Containing Dendrimers 161.9 Syntheses of Carbon-Based Dendrimers 171.10 Syntheses of Dendrimers Constituted of Nitrogen Heterocycles 191.11 Syntheses by Self-Assembly 211.12 Accelerated Syntheses 261.13 Conclusion 30References 302 Methods of Characterization of Dendrimers 35Anne-Marie Caminade2.1 Introduction 352.2 Spectroscopy and Spectrometry 362.3 Scattering Techniques 47Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS) 482.4 Microscopy 482.5 Rheology and Physical Characterizations 502.6 Separation Techniques 522.7 Conclusion 53References 543 Luminescent Dendrimers 67Anne-Marie Caminade3.1 Introduction 673.2 Dendrimers with Fluorescent Terminal Groups 683.3 Luminescent Group at the Core of Dendrimers and Energy/Light-Harvesting Properties 743.4 Fluorescent Groups inside the Structure of Dendrimers 793.5 Intrinsically Fluorescent Dendrimers 813.6 Two-Photon-Excited Fluorescence of Dendrimers 863.7 Conclusion 89References 904 Stimuli-Responsive Dendrimers 99Anne-Marie Caminade4.1 Introduction 994.2 Photoresponsive Dendrimeric Structures 1004.3 Thermoresponsive Dendrimeric Structures 1104.4 Dendrimers Responsive to Solution Media Changes 1144.5 Conclusion 117References 1185 Liquid Crystalline Dendrimers 125Anne-Marie Caminade5.1 Introduction 1255.2 Mesogenic Groups as Terminal Functions of Dendrons 1265.3 Mesogenic Groups as Terminal Functions of Dendrimers 1315.4 Mesogenic Groups as Branches of Dendrimers 1345.5 Conclusion 135References 1366 Dendrimers and Nanoparticles 141Cédric-Olivier Turrin and Anne-Marie Caminade6.1 Introduction 1416.2 Dendrimers or Dendrons for Coating Nanoparticles 1426.3 Dendrimers as Templates for the Synthesis ofDendrimer-Encapsulated Nanoparticles (DENs) 1526.4 Conclusion and Perspectives 154References 155Part 2 Applications in Catalysis 1637 Terminal Groups of Dendrimers as Catalysts for Homogeneous Catalysis 165Armelle Ouali and Anne-Marie Caminade7.1 General Introduction 1657.2 Catalytic Organometallic Sites as Catalysts for Homogeneous Catalysis 1677.3 Organocatalysis with Dendrimers 1787.4 Conclusion 178References 1798 Catalytic Sites inside the Dendrimeric Structure for Homogeneous Catalysis 183Armelle Ouali and Anne-Marie Caminade8.1 Introduction 1838.2 Catalytic Sites as the Core of De...

Résumé
The definitive reference book on the subject, Dendrimers: Towards Catalytic, Material and Biomedical Uses focuses on the properties and uses of dendrimers and dendrons. Providing a unique overview of existing research, with numerous references and illustrations, it emphasizes the role of nanometric size and multiple functions of dendrimers.

Contenu

Preface xv Part 1 Generalities, Syntheses, Characterizations, and Physicochemical Properties 1 1 Syntheses of Dendrimers and Dendrons 3 Anne-Marie Caminade 1.1 Introduction: What Are Dendrimers and Dendrons? 3 1.2 Syntheses of Poly(propyleneimine) Dendrimers (PPI) 5 1.3 Synthesis of Poly(amidoamine) Dendrimers (PAMAM) 5 1.4 Syntheses of Poly(ether) Dendrimers 7 1.5 Syntheses of Poly(ester) Dendrimers 10 1.6 Synthesis of Poly(lysine) Dendrimers 14 1.7 Syntheses of Silicon-Containing Dendrimers 15 1.8 Syntheses of Phosphorus-Containing Dendrimers 16 1.9 Syntheses of Carbon-Based Dendrimers 17 1.10 Syntheses of Dendrimers Constituted of Nitrogen Heterocycles 19 1.11 Syntheses by Self-Assembly 21 1.12 Accelerated Syntheses 26 1.13 Conclusion 30 References 30 2 Methods of Characterization of Dendrimers 35 Anne-Marie Caminade 2.1 Introduction 35 2.2 Spectroscopy and Spectrometry 36 2.3 Scattering Techniques 47 Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS) 48 2.4 Microscopy 48 2.5 Rheology and Physical Characterizations 50 2.6 Separation Techniques 52 2.7 Conclusion 53 References 54 3 Luminescent Dendrimers 67 Anne-Marie Caminade 3.1 Introduction 67 3.2 Dendrimers with Fluorescent Terminal Groups 68 3.3 Luminescent Group at the Core of Dendrimers and Energy/Light-Harvesting Properties 74 3.4 Fluorescent Groups inside the Structure of Dendrimers 79 3.5 Intrinsically Fluorescent Dendrimers 81 3.6 Two-Photon-Excited Fluorescence of Dendrimers 86 3.7 Conclusion 89 References 90 4 Stimuli-Responsive Dendrimers 99 Anne-Marie Caminade 4.1 Introduction 99 4.2 Photoresponsive Dendrimeric Structures 100 4.3 Thermoresponsive Dendrimeric Structures 110 4.4 Dendrimers Responsive to Solution Media Changes 114 4.5 Conclusion 117 References 118 5 Liquid Crystalline Dendrimers 125 Anne-Marie Caminade 5.1 Introduction 125 5.2 Mesogenic Groups as Terminal Functions of Dendrons 126 5.3 Mesogenic Groups as Terminal Functions of Dendrimers 131 5.4 Mesogenic Groups as Branches of Dendrimers 134 5.5 Conclusion 135 References 136 6 Dendrimers and Nanoparticles 141 Cédric-Olivier Turrin and Anne-Marie Caminade 6.1 Introduction 141 6.2 Dendrimers or Dendrons for Coating Nanoparticles 142 6.3 Dendrimers as Templates for the Synthesis of Dendrimer-Encapsulated Nanoparticles (DENs) 152 6.4 Conclusion and Perspectives 154 References 155 Part 2 Applications in Catalysis 163 7 Terminal Groups of Dendrimers as Catalysts for Homogeneous Catalysis 165 Armelle Ouali and Anne-Marie Caminade 7.1 General Introduction 165 7.2 Catalytic Organometallic Sites as Catalysts for Homogeneous Catalysis 167 7.3 Organocatalysis with Dendrimers 178 7.4 Conclusion 178 References 179 8 Catalytic Sites inside the Dendrimeric Structure for Homogeneous Catalysis 183 Armelle Ouali and Anne-Marie Caminade 8.1 Introduction 183 8.2 Catalytic Sites as the Core of Dendrimers 184 8.3 Catalytic Sites inside the Branches of Dendrimers 191 8.4 Conclusion 192 References 193 9 Dendrimers as Homogeneous Enantioselective Catalysts 197 Armelle Ouali and Anne-Marie Caminade 9.1 Introduction 197 9.2 Catalytic Organometallic Sites as Catalysts for Homogeneous Catalysis 198 9.3 Organocatalysis with Dendrimers 209 9.4 Conclusion 210 References 210 10 Catalysis with Dendrimers in Particular Media 215 Régis Laurent and Anne-Marie Caminade 10.1 Introduction 215 10.2 Two-Phase (Liquid-Liquid) Media 216 10.3 Catalysis in Ionic Liquids 219 10.4 Catalysis in Supercritical Media 220 10.5 Catalysis in Aqueous Media 221 10.6 Conclusion 234 References 234 11 Heterogeneous Catalysis with Dendrimers 239 Régis Laurent and Anne-Marie Caminade 11.1 Introduction 239 11.2 Catalysis with Dendrons Synthesized from a Solid Material 240 11.3 Catalysis with Dendrons or Dendrimers Grafted on to a Solid Surface 254 11.4 Catalysis with Insoluble Dendrimers 257 11.5 Conclusion 260 References 261 Part 3 Applications for the Elaboration or Modification of Materials 267 12 Dendrimers inside Materials 269 Régis Laurent and Anne-Marie Caminade 12.1 Introduction 269 12.2 Dendrimers for the Elaboration of Gels 270 12.3 Dendrimers inside Silica Gels 280 12.4 Dendrimers inside Other Types of Materials 285 12.5 Dendrimers for the Elaboration of OLEDs 288 12.6 Conclusion 298 References 299 13 Self-Assembly of Dendrimers in Layers 313 Béatrice Delavaux-Nicot and Anne-Marie Caminade 13.1 Introduction 313 13.2 Langmuir-Blodgett Films of Dendrons and Dendrimers 314 13.3 Assemblies of Dendrons and Dendrimers on Solid Surfaces 326 13.4 Several Routes for the Formation of Dendron or Dendrimer Multilayers 334 13.5 Nanoimprinting with Dendrons and Dendrimers on Solid Surfaces 342 13.6 Conclusion 350 References 351 14 Dendrimers as Chemical Sensors 361 Anne-Marie Caminade 14.1 Introduction 361 14.2 Dendrimers as Chemical Sensors in Solution 362 14.3 Dendrimers as Electrochemical Sensors 365 14.4 Dendrimers on Modifi ed Surfaces as Chemical Sensors 367 14.5 Conclusion 370 References 370 15 Dendrimers as Biological Sensors 375 Anne-Marie Caminade 15.1 Introduction 375 15.2 Dendrimers as Sensors in Solutions of Biological Media 375 15.3 Detection by Electrochemical Methods 378 15.4 Dendrimers or Dendrons for DNA Microarrays 380 15.5 Dendrimers for Other Types of Biomicroarrays 383 15.6 Dendrimers on Other Types of Support 384 15.7 Dendrimers as Multiply Labeled Entities Connected to the Target 385 15.8 Conclusion 386 References 387 Part 4 Applications in Biology/Medicine 393 16 Dendrimers for Imaging 395 Cédric-Olivier Turrin and Anne-Marie Caminade 16.1 Introduction 395 16.2 Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Dendrimers 395 16.3 Other Types of Imaging with Dendrimers 403 16.4 Conclusion and Perspectives 407 References 407 17 Dendrimers as Transfection Agents 413 Cédric-Olivier Turrin and Anne-Marie Caminade 17.1 Introduction 413 17.2 Gene Transfection with PAMAM Dendrimers 415 17.3 Gene Transfection with Other Dendrimers 421 17.4 Conclusion and Perspective 426 References 426 18 Dendrimer Conjugates for Drug Delivery 437 Cédric-Olivier Turrin and Anne-Marie Caminade 18.1 Introduction 437 18.2 Improving Bioavailability with Dendrimers 438 18.3 Passive Targeting in Tumors with Dendrimer-Drug Conjugates 440 18.4 Active Targeting with Site-Specifi c Dendrimer-Drug Conjugates 446 18.5 Dendrimers for Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) 449 18.6 Dendrimers for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) 451 18.7 Conclusion and Perspectives 452 References 453 19 Encapsulation of Drugs inside Dendrimers 463 Cédric-Olivier Turrin and Anne-Marie Caminade 19.1 Introduction 463 19.2 From Dendritic Boxes to Dendrimer-Based Formulations 464 19.3 Improving Bioavailability with Dendrimers? 464 19.4 Toxicological Issues 465 19.5 Dendrimer-Based Formulations for Drug Delivery 466 19.6 Conclusion and Perspectives 477 References 477 20 Unexpected Biological Applications of Dendrimers and Specifi c Multivalency Activities 485 Cédric-Olivier Turrin and Anne-Marie Caminade 20.1 Introduction 485 20.2 Dendrimers and Multivalency 486 20.3 Antimicrobial Dendrimers 488 20.4 From Immunomodulation to Regenerative Medicine 494 20.5 Conclusion and Perspectives 501 References 502 21 General Conclusions and Perspectives 511 Anne-Marie Caminade Index 515

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Dendrimers
Sous-titre: Towards Catalytic, Material and Biomedical Uses
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9780470748817
ISBN: 978-0-470-74881-7
Format: Livre Relié
Editeur: Wiley
Genre: Médecine
nombre de pages: 566
Poids: 1108g
Taille: H244mm x B168mm x T33mm
Année: 2011

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