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Gersonides: A Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Philosopher-Scientist

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Gersonides was a highly original Jewish philosopher, scientist and biblical exegete, active in Provence in the first half of the f... Lire la suite
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Description

Gersonides was a highly original Jewish philosopher, scientist and biblical exegete, active in Provence in the first half of the fourteenth century. Ruth Glasner explores his impressive achievements, and argues that the key to understanding his originality is his perspective as an applied mathematical scientist. It was this perspective that led him to examine Aristotelianism from directions different from those usually adopted by contemporary scholastic scholars.Gersonides started on his way, as he himself claims, as a mathematician, natural scientist, and philosopher, who believed in his power to solve the main problems of medieval science. He ended up concentrating on his work as a mathematical astronomer, developing techniques of observation andcomputation, and somewhat less optimistic about the prospect of scientific knowledge.

Auteur

Ruth Glasner is Professor of the History and Philosophy of Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her PhD research focused on Greek philosophy, and she later turned to work on medieval science, notably physics, mathematics and astronomy. Glasner studies mainly Hebrew medieval texts with a special interest in the genre of the commentary.



Contenu

Preface: A true Aristotelian?; 1 The background: the state of the applied mathematical sciences; 2 Gersonides: outline of a scientific biography; 3 Physics: breaking the Aristotelian harmony; 4 Cosmology: examining the assumption of celestial animation; 5 Method: empiricism and the examination of hypotheses; 6 Metaphysics: doubts and reservations; 7 Cosmology: the science of stellar influences; 8 Astronomy: specialization and hesitation; Concluding remark: Gersonides and western science

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Gersonides: A Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Philosopher-Scientist
Sous-titre: A Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Philosopher-Scientist
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9780191054730
ISBN: 978-0-19-105473-0
Protection contre la copie numérique: Adobe DRM
Format: eBook (pdf)
Editeur: Oup Oxford
Genre: Généralités, lexiques
nombre de pages: 160
Parution: 21.05.2015
Année: 2015
Sous-titre: Englisch