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An Introduction to Sociolinguistics

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Fully updated to reflect the most recent scholarship in the field and revised to include many more pedagogical features, An Introd... Lire la suite
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Description

Fully updated to reflect the most recent scholarship in the field and revised to include many more pedagogical features, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition builds on its foundation as the most preeminent textbook in sociolinguistics, updated for today’s students.

• Significantly revised discussions throughout each of the book’s four key parts reflect the state of the field today

• Includes new chapters on Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis, and Sociolinguistics and Education

• Incorporates innovative new perspectives drawn from linguistic anthropology

• Provides an accessible history of the development of sociolinguistic thought and how this fast-moving field is integral to our lives

• Includes numerous opportunities for students to engage with ideas presented in the text through a new glossary, new Explorations and end-of-chapter exercises, links, and key concepts

• New companion website includes links and resources for students



Ronald Wardhaugh is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Toronto. He is the author of a number of books, including Proper English (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998) and Understanding English Grammar, 2nd Edition (Wiley-Blackwell, 2003).

Janet M. Fuller is Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. She has recently published two books dealing with multilingualism, discourse and identity: Bilingual Pre-Teens: Competing ideologies and multiple identities in the U.S. and Germany (2012) and Spanish Speakers in the USA (2013), and was the editor of the sociolinguistics section of the Language and Linguistics Compass (Wiley-Blackwell) from 2010–2013.

Auteur

Ronald Wardhaugh is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Toronto. He is the author of a number of books, including Proper English (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998) and Understanding English Grammar, 2nd Edition (Wiley-Blackwell, 2003).

Janet M. Fuller is Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. She has recently published two books dealing with multilingualism, discourse and identity: Bilingual Pre-Teens: Competing ideologies and multiple identities in the U.S. and Germany (2012) and Spanish Speakers in the USA (2013), and was the editor of the sociolinguistics section of the Language and Linguistics Compass (Wiley-Blackwell) from 20102013.

Texte du rabat

Thoroughly updated and revised, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition presents a comprehensive and fully updated introduction to the study of the relationship between language and society.

Building on Ronald Wardhaugh's classic text, co-author Janet Fuller has updated this seventh edition throughout with new discussions exploring language and communities, language and interaction, and sociolinguistic variation, as well as incorporating numerous new exercises and research ideas for today's students. Taking account of new research from the field, the book explores exciting new perspectives drawn from linguistic anthropology, and includes new chapters on pragmatics, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics and education. With an emphasis on using examples from languages and cultures around the world, chapters address topics including social and regional dialects, multilingualism, discourse and pragmatics, variation, language in education, and language policy and planning.

A new companion website including a wealth of additional online material, as well as a glossary and a variety of new exercises and examples, helps further illuminate the ideas presented in the text. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition continues to be the most indispensable and accessible introduction to the field of sociolinguistics for students in applied and theoretical linguistics, education, and anthropology.

Contenu

Companion Website xiii

List of Figures xiv

List of Tables xv

Preface xvi

Acknowledgments xvii

1 Introduction 1

Key Concepts 1

Knowledge of Language 3

Competence and performance 4

Variation 5

Speakers and Their Groups 7

Language and Culture 10

Directions of influence 10

The Whorfian hypothesis 11

Correlations 14

The Boundaries of Sociolinguistics 15

Methodological Concerns 17

Data 18

Research design 18

Overview of the Book 19

Chapter Summary 20

Exercises 20

Further Reading 22

References 22

Part I Languages and Communities 25

2 Languages, Dialects, and Varieties 27

Key Concepts 27

Language or Dialect? 28

Mutual intelligibility 29

The role of social identity 32

Standardization 33

The standard as an abstraction 34

The standardization process 35

The standard and language change 36

Standard English? 36

The standarddialect hierarchy 37

Regional Dialects 38

Dialect continua 39

Dialect geography 39

Everyone has an accent 40

Social Dialects 42

Kiezdeutsch 'neighborhood German' 43

Ethnic dialects 45

African American Vernacular English 46

Features of AAVE 47

Development of AAVE 48

Latino Englishes 50

Styles, Registers, and Genres 52

Style 52

Register 53

Genre 53

Chapter Summary 54

Exercises 54

Further Reading 56

References 57

3 Defining Groups 62

Key Concepts 62

Speech Communities 63

Linguistic boundaries 63

Shared norms 65

Communities of Practice 68

Social Networks 70

Social Identities 72

Beliefs about Language and Social Groups 74

Ideologies 75

Perceptual dialectology 76

Chapter Summary 77

Exercises 77

Further Reading 78

References 79

4 Languages in Contact: Multilingual Societies and Multilingual Discourse 82

Key Concepts 82

Multilingualism as a Societal Phenomenon 83

Competencies and convergence in multilingual societies 84

Language ideologies surrounding multilingualism 85

Linguistic landscapes 86

Language attitudes in multilingual settings 88

Diglossia 90

Domains 91

Language attitudes and ideologies 92

Language learning 93

The statuses of the H and L varieties 93

Extended diglossia and language maintenance 94

Questioning diglossia 95

Multilingual Discourse 96

Metaphorical and situational code-switching 97

Accommodation and audience design 98

The Markedness Model 101

Multilingual identities 102

Chapter Summary 105

Exercises 106

Further Reading 109

References 110

5 Contact Languages: Structural Consequences of Social Factors 114

Key Concepts 114

Lingua Francas 115

Pidgin and Creole Languages: Definitions 116

Connections between P/C languages and second language acquisition 119

Pidgin and Creole Formation 120

Theories of creole genesis 121

Geographical Distribution 123

Linguistic Characteristics of P/C Languages 124

Phonology 125

Morphosyntax 125

Vocabulary 126

From Pidgin to Creole and Beyond 127

Creole continuum? 129

Other Contact Varieties: Mixed Languages 131

Informations sur le produit

Titre: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9781118732403
ISBN: 978-1-118-73240-3
Protection contre la copie numérique: Adobe DRM
Format: eBook (epub)
Editeur: Wiley-Blackwell
Genre: Linguistique et sciences de la littérature
nombre de pages: 448
Parution: 24.10.2014
Année: 2014
Auflage: 7. Aufl.
Sous-titre: Englisch
Taille de fichier: 3.3 MB