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Attosecond Nanophysics

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The first broad and in-depth overview of current research in attosecond nanophysics, covering the field of active plasmonics via a... Lire la suite
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Description

The first broad and in-depth overview of current research in attosecond nanophysics, covering the field of active plasmonics via attosecond science in metals and dielectrics to novel imaging techniques with the highest spatial and temporal resolution.
The authors are pioneers in the field and present here new developments and potential novel applications for ultra-fast data communication and processing, discussing the investigation of the natural timescale of electron dynamics in nanoscale solid state systems.
Both an introduction for starting graduate students, as well as a look at the current state of the art in this hot and emerging field.

Peter Hommelhoff is Max Planck Research Group Head at MPQ in Garching, Germany, since 2008. After his physics studies at Technical University of Berlin and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, which conferred the diploma to him, he obtained his PhD from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich working in T. W. Hänsch's atom chip group. Together with M. Kasevich at Stanford, as a Lynen-Fellow of the Humboldt Foundation and later Trimble Fellow, he started the field of ultrafast electron emission from nanometric tips, which led to attosecond science with metal nanostructures.
Matthias Kling is leading the Max Planck Research Group Attosecond Imaging at MPQ in Garching, Germany, and co-appointed as assistant professor at the Kansas-State University. His group is pioneering attosecond physics in nanosystems. He received his academic degrees from the University of Goettingen in Germany and spent postdoctoral periods at the UC Berkeley and at AMOLF in Amsterdam. Matthias Kling has received numerous scientific awards and fellowships, including the Röntgen Prize of the University of Giessen in 2011.


Auteur

Peter Hommelhoff is professor of physics at Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg and associated member of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of light in Erlangen, Germany. He obtained his PhD from Ludwig Maximilian University Munich working in T. W. Hänsch's atom chip group. Together with M. Kasevich at Stanford, he started the field of ultrafast electron emission from nanometric tips, which led to attosecond science with metal nanostructures. He continued this work in his own group at Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany from 2008 to 2013 before moving to Erlangen.

Matthias Kling is professor of physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) München and guest researcher at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) in Garching, Germany. His group is associated with the DFG excellence cluster ?Munich Centre for Advanced Photonics? and the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics of F. Krausz. M. Kling received his PhD in 2002 from the University of Goettingen in Germany. He began studying attosecond phenomena as a postdoc for M.J.J. Vrakking at AMOLF in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and since 2007 develops attosecond science with nanostructures with his own group. He moved on to his current position at LMU after an appointment at the Kansas-State University in Manhattan, Kansas, USA

Texte du rabat

This book gives a first broad and in-depth overview of the current research field of attosecond nanophysics - the intriguing merger of phase-controlled light and attosecond pulses with nanoscale solids. Attosecond Nanophysics spans fields from plasmonics, via attosecond science in metals and dielectrics, to novel imaging techniques with highest spatial and temporal resolution.

A collection of selected world experts write about a hot topic, in a way to both introduce the field to starting graduate students, as well as to show the current state of the art of the field.



From the contents:


. Nano-antennae Assisted Emission of Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation

. Ultrafast, Strong-Field Plasmonic Phenomena

. Ultrafast Dynamics in Extended Systems

. Light Wave Driven Electron Dynamics in Clusters

. From Attosecond Control of Electrons at Nano-objects to Laser-driven Electron Accelerators

. Theory of Solids in Strong Ultrashort Laser Fields

. Controlling and Tracking Electric Currents with Light

. Coupling Few-cycle Pulses to Metallic Nanostructures: Ultrafast Light and Electron Emission

. Imaging Localized Surface Plasmons by Femtosecond to Attosecond Time-resolved Photoelectron
Emission Microscopy - ATTO-PEEM



Contenu

List of Contributors XI

Preface XVII

1 Introduction 1
Matthias F. Kling, Brady C. Steffl, and Peter Hommelhoff

1.1 Attosecond Tools 1

1.1.1 Strong Field Control Using Laser Pulses withWell-Defined Waveforms 1

1.1.2 Attosecond Light Pulses: Tracing Electron Dynamics 3

1.2 Solids in Strong Fields 4

1.3 Attosecond Physics in Isolated Nanosystems 4

1.4 Attosecond Physics on Nanostructured Surfaces 6

1.5 Perspectives 7

References 8

2 Nano-Antennae Assisted Emission of Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation 11
Nils Pfullmann, Monika Noack, Carsten Reinhardt,Milutin Kovacev, and Uwe Morgner

2.1 Introduction and Motivation 11

2.2 Experimental Idea 12

2.3 High-Order Harmonic Generation 14

2.3.1 Semi-Classical Model 15

2.3.2 Macroscopic Effects/Phase-Matching 16

2.3.3 Phase-Matching in the Case of Optical Antennas 18

2.3.4 Field Inhomogeneities 19

2.4 Plasmonics in Intense Laser Fields 20

2.5 Experiments 23

2.5.1 Historical Overview 23

2.5.2 Own Experiments 24

2.5.2.1 Experimental Set-Up 24

2.5.2.2 Experimental Results 26

2.5.2.3 Gas Density 28

2.5.2.4 Spectra 29

2.6 Conclusion and Outlook 31

References 33

3 Ultrafast, Strong-Field Plasmonic Phenomena 39
Peter Dombi and Abdulhakem Y. Elezzabi

3.1 Introduction 39

3.2 Ultrafast Photoemission and Electron Acceleration in Surface Plasmon Fields 43

3.2.1 Photoemission Mechanisms 43

3.2.1.1 Linear Photoemission 43

3.2.1.2 Nonlinear Photoemission and Photocurrents 43

3.2.1.3 Distinction of the Photoemission Regimes 44

3.2.1.4 Multiphoton-Induced Photoemission and Photocurrents 44

3.2.1.5 Above-Threshold Photoemission 46

3.2.1.6 Tunneling Photoemission and Currents 46

3.2.2 Particle Acceleration in Evanescent Surface Plasmon Fields 47

3.3 Research on Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Photoemission and Electron Acceleration 48

3.3.1 Photocurrent Enhancement 48

3.3.2 Strong-Field Photoemission in Plasmonic Fields 50

3.3.3 Electron Acceleration in Plasmonic Fields 51

3.3.4 Modeling and Discussion 53

3.3.4.1 Modeling Tools 53

3.3.4.2 Electromagnetic Wave Dynamics of the Surface Plasmon Field 55

3.3.4.3 Electron Emission Channels and Currents Induced by the Plasmonic Fields 57

3.3.4.4 Particle Acceleration in the Evanescent Field 58

3.3.4.5 Model Results for High-Energy Electron Generation 60

3.3.5 Time-Resolved Studies of Ultrashort Surface Plasmon Wavepackets 62

3.3.5.1 Experiments 62

3.3.5.2 Autocorrelation ReconstructionWithout Fitting Parameters 64

3.3.6 The Carrier-Envelope Phase in Nanoplasmonic Electron Acceleration 66

3.3.7 Non-ponderomotive Effects and Quiver Motion Quenching in Nano-Localized Fields 69

3.3.8 Nanoplasmonic Photoemission from Metal Nanoparticles 75

3.4 Conclusions 79

Acknowledgments 81

References 81

4 Ultrafast Dynamics in Extended Systems 87
Ulf Saalmann and Jan-Michael Rost

4.1 IntroductionWhy Ultrafast Electron Dynamics in Extended Systems? 87

4.2 Multi-Photon Absorption in Extended Systems 89

4.2.1 General Evolution of an Extended System Exposed to an Intense Laser Pulse 89

4.2.2 A Unified Picture on Energy Absorption from Intense Light Fields 91

4.2.3 Hard and Soft Recollisions in Atomic Systems 93

4.2.4 Extended Systems and Optical Swingbys 94

4.2.5 Resonant Absorption by Electron Motion Out of Phase with the Light Field 97

4.3 Coulomb Complexes: A Simple Approach to Ultrafast Electron Dynamics in FEL-Irradiated Extended
Systems 99

4.3.1 Photo-Activation 101

4.3.2 The Ionic Background Potential 102

4.3.3 Formation of the Electron Spectra 103

4.3.4 Scaling in the Dynamics of Coulomb Complexes 105

4.4 Nano-Plasma Transients on the Femtosecond Scale 106

4.4.1 Creating and Probing a Dense Non-equilibrium Nano-Plasma by Sub-femtosecond Pump-Probe Pulses 106

4.4.2 Ultrafast Collective Electron Dynamics in Composite Systems 111

4.5 Summary 115

Acknowledgments 115

References 116

5 LightWave Driven Electron Dynamics in Clusters 119
Charles Varin, Christian Peltz, Thomas Brabec, and Thomas Fennel

5.1 Introduction 119

5.2 Resolving Light-Matter Interactions on the Atomic-Scale 120

5.2.1 Theoretical Foundations of Classical Light-Matter Interaction 120

5.2.2 Molecular Dynamics 125

5.2.3 The Particle-in-Cell Method 125

5.2.4 The Microscopic Particle-in-Cell Method 126

5.3 Fundamentals of the Microscopic Particle-in-Cell Approach 127

5.3.1 Theoretical Background 127

5.3.2 Nume...

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Attosecond Nanophysics
Sous-titre: From Basic Science to Applications
Éditeur:
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9783527665648
ISBN: 978-3-527-66564-8
Protection contre la copie numérique: Adobe DRM
Format: eBook (epub)
Editeur: Wiley-Vch
Genre: Électricité, magnétisme, optique
nombre de pages: 392
Parution: 22.12.2014
Année: 2014
Sous-titre: Englisch
Taille de fichier: 28.2 MB