This book describes the social and economic issues that emerge from mothers in labor markets. It provides insight in what the quantitative effect of motherhood on the decline in mothers' earnings is, and how things differ for mothers with lower income and lower levels of education. It also sheds light on how this effect varies for different countries and/or cultural areas, and what the impact of socio-economic policies on mothers' labor supply is and how it changes in different family contexts. The book covers topics such as labor participation and hours of work, paid-work and home production, flexibility and work from home, self-employment and entrepreneurship, fertility and maternity leave, wage-penalty and career interruption, labor supply and childcare, gender norms and cultural issues, intra-household wage inequality and much more. This book provides an interesting read to economists, social scientists, policy makers and HR managers and all those interested in the subject.
José Alberto Molina is Full Professor of Economics (University of Zaragoza, Spain) since 2012. He is the Director of the Institute on Employment, Digital Society and Sustainability-IEDIS (University of Zaragoza, Spain) since January 2021. Professor Molina has been Visiting Fellow at FEDEA (Madrid, Spain), at Warwick University (UK), at the University of Rhode Island (USA) and at the Boston College (USA). He is international reviewer of JCR journals, of research projects and grants, and of doctoral theses. He is currently Associate Editor of Applied Economics, Applied Economics Letters, Journal of Family and Economic Issues, PLOS ONE and Review of Economics of the Household. The main research area of Professor Molina is microeconomics and, particularly, population and family economics, labour economics, mobility and well-being, with specific interest in intra-household allocation and inter-generational transfers. He is also working on projects related to efficient bargaining in families and time uses. Professor Molina has published in Ecological Economics, Economic Inquiry, Economic Modelling, Economics of Education Review, Energy Policy, European Journal of Health Economics, Feminist Economics, Journal of Agricultural Economics, Journal of Policy Modelling, Journal of Population Economics, Journal of Regional Science, Journal of Transport Geography, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, Kyklos, PLOS ONE, Review of Economics of the Household and Transport Policy, among others.
Time for Motherhood, Married or Not (Daniel S. Hamermesh).- 2. How Do Moms and Dads Feel about Work and Family? Evidence on Subjective Well-Being from the American Time Use Survey (Rachel Connelly and Jean Kimmel).- 3. Maternal Employment and Children's Use of Time (Lucia Mangiavacchi and Luca Piccoli).- 4. Breaks at Work and the Motherhood Wage Gap (Almudena Sevilla, José I. Giménez-Nadal and José Alberto Molina).- 5. Mothers' Domestic Work in OECD Countries (Catherine Sofer).- 6. Grandparents' care and Mothers' work in Europe. Taking Different Points of View (Lorena Popescu and Chiara Pronzato).- 7. Flexibility of Working Time Arrangements and Female Labour Market Outcome (Iga Magda).- 8. Career-breaks and Maternal Employment in CEE Countries (Alena Bicáková and Klára KalíSková).- 9. Sustainable Development Values and Behaviors: from Mothers to Children (Elsa Fontainha).- 10. Effects of Mothers of Kids Leaving the Parental Home (Elenna Stancanelli).