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Geographic Information Science for Land Resource Management

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Description

Geographic Information Science for Land Resource Management is a comprehensive book focusing on managing land resources using innovative techniques of spatial information sciences and satellite remote sensing. The enormous stress on the land resources over the years due to anthropogenic activities for commercialization and livelihood needs has increased manifold. The only solution to this problem lies in stakeholder awareness, which can only be attained through scientific means. The awareness is the basis of the sustainable development concept, which involves optimal management of natural resources, subject to the availability of reliable, accurate, and timely information from the global to local scales.

GIScience consists of satellite remote sensing (RS), Geographical Information System (GIS), and Global Positioning System (GPS) technology that is nowadays a backbone of environmental protection, natural resource management, and sustainable development and planning. Being a powerful and proficient tool for mapping, monitoring, modeling, and managing natural resources can help understand the earth surface and its dynamics at different observational scales. Through the spatial understanding of land resources, policymakers can make prudent decisions to restore and conserve critically endangered resources, such as water bodies, lakes, rivers, air, forests, wildlife, biodiversity, etc.

This innovative new volume contains chapters from eminent researchers and experts. The primary focus of this book is to replenish the gap in the available literature on the subject by bringing the concepts, theories, and experiences of the specialists and professionals in this field jointly. The editors have worked hard to get the best literature in this field in a book form to help the students, researchers, and policymakers develop a complete understanding of the land system vulnerabilities and solutions.



Auteur

Suraj Kumar Singh, Ph.D., is an associate professor and coordinator at the Centre for Sustainable Development, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, India. He has published various research papers in national and international journals and participated in and organized international conferences, workshops, symposiums, and webinars. He is presently on the reviewer panel for several research journals and supervises several Ph.D. students on their dissertations.

Shruti Kanga, Ph.D., is an associate professor and coordinator at the Centre for Climate change and Water Research, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, India. She has authored more than 60 publications in various peer-reviewed national and international journals with more than 400 citations. She is presently on the reviewer panel for several research journals and supervises several Ph.D. students on their dissertations.

Gowhar Meraj, M Phil, M Sc, is a young scientist fellow in the Department of Science and Technology in India's Department of Ecology. He has also worked as a consultant with World Bank Group, New Delhi, for its South Asia Water Initiative Program. He has more than nine years of research and teaching experience and is on the reviewer panel for several research journals.

Majid Farooq, M Tech, M Sc, is a scientist-D at the Department of Ecology, Environment and Remote Sensing, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, India. He has more than 15 years of experience in research, teaching, and consultancy related to remote sensing and GIS, such as climate change vulnerability assessments, flood modeling, ecosystem assessment, and watershed management.

Sudhanshu, Ph.D., is a veteran researcher in the field of applied geology and geosciences. He has more than 30 years of research and academic experience and is currently the chief mentor of Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur. He is on the reviewer panel for several research journals and supervises several Ph.D. students on their dissertations.



Résumé

Geographic Information Science for Land Resource Management is a comprehensive book focusing on managing land resources using innovative techniques of spatial information sciences and satellite remote sensing. The enormous stress on the land resources over the years due to anthropogenic activities for commercialization and livelihood needs has increased manifold. The only solution to this problem lies in stakeholder awareness, which can only be attained through scientific means. The awareness is the basis of the sustainable development concept, which involves optimal management of natural resources, subject to the availability of reliable, accurate, and timely information from the global to local scales.

GIScience consists of satellite remote sensing (RS), Geographical Information System (GIS), and Global Positioning System (GPS) technology that is nowadays a backbone of environmental protection, natural resource management, and sustainable development and planning. Being a powerful and proficient tool for mapping, monitoring, modeling, and managing natural resources can help understand the earth surface and its dynamics at different observational scales. Through the spatial understanding of land resources, policymakers can make prudent decisions to restore and conserve critically endangered resources, such as water bodies, lakes, rivers, air, forests, wildlife, biodiversity, etc.

This innovative new volume contains chapters from eminent researchers and experts. The primary focus of this book is to replenish the gap in the available literature on the subject by bringing the concepts, theories, and experiences of the specialists and professionals in this field jointly. The editors have worked hard to get the best literature in this field in a book form to help the students, researchers, and policymakers develop a complete understanding of the land system vulnerabilities and solutions.



Contenu

Preface xv

Acknowledgements xxiii

1 Climate Change in South Asia: Impact, Adaptation and the Role of GI Science 1
Anuj Kumar and Swami Prasad Saxena

1.1 Introduction 2

1.2 Climate Change 2

1.3 Climate Change Trends in South Asia 3

1.4 Climate Change Impact in South Asia 6

1.4.1 Climate Change Impact on Socio-Economy in South Asia 6

1.4.2 Climate Change Impact on Agriculture in South Asia 8

1.4.3 Impact of Climate Change in Water Resources in South Asia 8

1.4.4 Impact of Climate Change on Sea Level 10

1.4.5 Impact of Climate Change on Human Health 11

1.5 Climate Change Adaptation in South Asia and the Role of GI Science 13

1.6 Conclusion 15

References 15

2 Sustainable Land Resource Management Approach and Technological Interventions Role of GI Science 19
Sandeep K. Pandey, Ritambhara K. Upadhyay, Chintan Pathak and Chandra Shekhar Dwivedi

2.1 Introduction 20

2.2 Land Resource Availability in India 21

2.3 Problems Associated with Land Resources 25

2.4 Important Interventions 25

2.5 Role of GI Science in Land Resource Management 27

References 29

3 GI Science for Assessing the Urban Growth and Sustainability in Agra City, India 33
Aruna Paarcha

3.1 Introduction 34

3.2 Database 36

3.3 Methodology 37

3.4 Study Area 39

3.5 Result and Discussion 40

3.5.1 Land Use and Land Cover Change of Agra City, 2001-2020 41

3.5.2 Growth in Registered Vehicles and Implications on the Sustainability 44

3.5.3 PM10 and Implications on the Sustainability 45

3.5.4 Municipal Solid Wastes and Implications on the Sustainability 47

3.5.5 Way Forward for Building Sustainable, Resilient, and Smart Agra City 48

3.6 Conclusion 49

References 49

4 The Use of GI Science in Detecting Anthropogenic Interaction in Protected Areas: A Case of the Takamanda National Park, South West Region, Cameroon 55
Takem-Mbi, B. M., Mbuh, J. M. and Lepatio-Tchieg, A. S.

4.1 Introduction 56

4.2 Context and Justification 57

4.3 Material and Data Sources 58

4.4 Results and Discussion 62

4.4.1 Agricultural Activities 62

4.4.2 Hunting 63

4.4.3 Livestock Rearing 65

4.4.4 The Exploitation of Wood in the TNP 67

4.4.5 Fishing Activities 68

4.4.6 Harvesting Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) 70

4.5 Conclusion 72

References 76

Contents vii

5 Urban Heat Island Effect Concept and Its Assessment Using Satellite-Based Remote Sensing Data 81
Zulaykha Khurshid Dijoo

5.1 Introduction 82

5.2 Classification of UHIs 84

5.2.1 Surface UHI 84

5.2.2 Atmospheric UHI 84

5.2.2.1 Canopy Layer UHI 84

5.2.2.2 Boundary Layer UHI 85

5.3 Chief Causes 85

5.3.1 Urbanisation 85

5.3.2 Urban Sprawl 86

5.3.3 Urban Geometry 87

5.3.4 Reduced Vegetation 87

5.3.5 Use of Engineered Materials 87

5.3.6 Changes in Energy Needs 88

5.3.7 Pavement Structure 88

5.4 Consequences of UHI Formation 88

5.5 Detection and Measurement Techniques 89

5.5.1 Thermal Remote Sensing 89

5.5.2 Small-Scale Models 89

5.5.3 Transect Studies 90

5.6 Mitigation Strategies 90

5.6.1 Enhancing Vegetative Cover 91

5.6.2 High Albedo Roofing Materials 91

5.6.3 High Albedo Pavements 91

5.6.4 Evaporative, Pourous and Water Retaining Pavements 91

5.6.5 Urban Planning 92

5.6.6 Wind, Water and Atmospheric Conditions 92

5.7 Role of Remote Sensing and GIS in Assessing UHI Effect 93

5.8 Conclusion 94

References 94

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Geographic Information Science for Land Resource Management
éditeur:
EAN: 9781119786368
Format: eBook (pdf)
Producteur: Wiley-Scrivener
Genre: Écologie
Parution: 15.06.2021
Protection contre la copie numérique: Adobe DRM
Taille de fichier: 58.98 MB
Nombre de pages: 432