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Electrical and optical characterization of CdxZn1-xS and PbS thin films for photovoltaic applications

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Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Physics - Applied physics, grade: A, Kenyatta University, course: Master of... Lire la suite
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Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Physics - Applied physics, grade: A, Kenyatta University, course: Master of Science ( Physics), language: English, abstract: In this research an n-type CdxZn1-xS and p-type PbS thin films were optimised for solar cell applications employing chemical bath deposition technique. The thin films were prepared using thiourea and nitrates of cadmium, zinc and lead. Deposition of optimised CdxZn1-xS was done by CBD at 820 C and in alkaline conditions while that of PbS was done at room temperature and both films at normal atmospheric pressure utilizing aqueous conditions. This study concentrated on optimising optical and electrical characterization of the films. Optical constant suitable for photovoltaic applications were sort for and for this purpose a UV VIS IR spectrophotometer 3700 DUV was utilised while the electrical properties were investigated using a four point probe connected to a Keithley 2400 source meter interfaced with computer. The optical band gap of the as deposited CdxZn1-xS films varied from 2.47eV (x =0.6) to 2.72 eV (x =1.0), and transmittance above 79% in the VIS - NIR region for the concentration range of x = 0.6 to 1.0, that is, the band gap increased with increasing Zn concentration of the alloy and Cd06Zn0.4S sample showed the widest band gap. It was obtained that the presence of zinc increased optical band gap. The average extinction coefficients for the as deposited CdxZn1-xS samples were very low revealing that they absorb very little radiation hence a good window layer material. As measured by the four point probe connected to a Keithley 2400 source meter, electrical resistivity increased with increase in Zn in the bath in CdxZn1-xS and a resistivity range of 9.5×101 - 1.22× 102 ?-cm was obtained. These properties are appropriate for window layers used for photovoltaic cell applications. PbS thin films had a band gap of 0.89 eV and a transmittance of below 55% appropriate for absorber layers of photovoltaic cells and a resistivity range of 6.78 × 103 to 1.26 × 104 ?-cm. The fabricated photovoltaic cell had a short circuit current, Isc = 0.031 A, open voltage, Voc = 0.37V, efficiency, ? = 0.9% and a fill factor, FF = 0.66 implying that the two materials are appropriate for photovoltaic applications especially in the VIS and IR light spectrum.

A PhD student at Kenyatta University, Kenya, Holder of Master of Science (Electronics and Instrumentation, Lecturer at Rift Valley Institute of Science and Technology. Formerly serviced as a High School tutor with Kenya Secondary Schools and Part timer lecturer at Kenyatta University. Aged 37 years, married to one wife, Alice Mwango Nyamwange and Blessed with children. A christian by faith professing Seventy Day Adventist doctrines. Works in Nakuru kenya and a member of the famous Nakuru County

Auteur

A PhD student at Kenyatta University, Kenya, Holder of Master of Science (Electronics and Instrumentation, Lecturer at Rift Valley Institute of Science and Technology. Formerly serviced as a High School tutor with Kenya Secondary Schools and Part timer lecturer at Kenyatta University. Aged 37 years, married to one wife, Alice Mwango Nyamwange and Blessed with children. A christian by faith professing Seventy Day Adventist doctrines. Works in Nakuru kenya and a member of the famous Nakuru County

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Electrical and optical characterization of CdxZn1-xS and PbS thin films for photovoltaic applications
Sous-titre: Thin film characterization for solar cells
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9783656718406
ISBN: 978-3-656-71840-6
Protection contre la copie numérique: libre
Format: eBook (pdf)
Editeur: Grin Publishing
Genre: Thermodynamique
nombre de pages: 112
Parution: 12.08.2014
Année: 2014
Sous-titre: Englisch
Taille de fichier: 3.5 MB