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Tools and Methods for the Distillation of Entanglement in Continuous Variable Quantum Optics

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Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2008 in the subject Physics - Optics, grade: none, Imperial College London (Departmen... Lire la suite
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Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2008 in the subject Physics - Optics, grade: none, Imperial College London (Department of Physics (Quantum Optics and Laser Science)), course: Tools and Methods for the Distillation of Entanglement in Continuous Variable Quantum Optics, language: English, abstract: Entanglement is a crucial resource to process and transmit information surpassing the limits of what is possible in classical physics. However environmental noise (or decoherence) puts limits on the performance quantum states can deliver. To overcome these shortcomings, distillation offers a protocol in which local operations on a number of states deliver a strongly entangled state (with little noise). In the broad field of quantum optics the continuous variables of light have been studied for over half a century. This grants the existence of numerous mathematical and experimental tools suitable to explore distillation. The development of some tools for the practical realization of such protocols constitutes the core of this research. The first part of the thesis presents improvements to existing protocols aimed at optimizing optical resources and enhancing success probabilities. To this end I study new configurations of existing protocols and evaluate the advantages of using measurement devices with higher efficiencies. The collaboration with The Ultra Fast Group at the University of Oxford has lead to the first steps towards the experimental implementation of the aforementioned ideas. Many unanswered questions were met along the way: Is the purity of these optical states sufficient for distillation? Are these measuring devices operating in the quantum regime and if so how well? How could one rigorously characterize an entanglement increase in a continuous variables experiment? The second part of this thesis deals with the theoretical tools necessary to answer these questions and to develop them further experimentally. Among the answers I present new experimental entanglement characterization tools, and new developments in detector tomography.

Texte du rabat

Entanglement is a crucial resource to process and transmit information surpassing the limits of what is possible in classical physics. However environmental noise (or decoherence) puts limits on the performance quantum states can deliver. To overcome these shortcomings, distillation offers a protocol in which local operations on a number of states deliver a strongly entangled state (with little noise). In the broad field of quantum optics the continuous variables of light have been studied for over half a century. This grants the existence of numerous mathematical and experimental tools suitable to explore distillation. The development of some tools for the practical realization of such protocols constitutes the core of this research. The first part of the thesis presents improvements to existing protocols aimed at optimizing optical resources and enhancing success probabilities. To this end I study new configurations of existing protocols and evaluate the advantages of using measurement devices with higher efficiencies. The collaboration with The Ultra Fast Group at the University of Oxford has lead to the first steps towards the experimental implementation of the aforementioned ideas. Many unanswered questions were met along the way: Is the purity of these optical states sufficient for distillation? Are these measuring devices operating in the quantum regime and if so how well? How could one rigorously characterize an entanglement increase in a continuous vari- ables experiment? The second part of this thesis deals with the theoretical tools necessary to answer these questions and to develop them further experimentally. Among the answers I present new experimental entanglement characterization tools, and new developments in detector tomography.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Tools and Methods for the Distillation of Entanglement in Continuous Variable Quantum Optics
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9783656465171
ISBN: 978-3-656-46517-1
Protection contre la copie numérique: libre
Format: eBook (pdf)
Editeur: Grin Publishing
Genre: Électricité, magnétisme, optique
nombre de pages: 295
Parution: 24.07.2013
Année: 2013
Sous-titre: Englisch
Taille de fichier: 3.2 MB