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Difference Algebra

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Difference algebra grew out of the study of algebraic difference equations with coefficients from functional fields. The first sta... Lire la suite
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Difference algebra grew out of the study of algebraic difference equations with coefficients from functional fields. The first stage of this development of the theory is associated with its founder, J.F. Ritt (1893-1951), and R. Cohn, whose book Difference Algebra (1965) remained the only fundamental monograph on the subject for many years. Nowadays, difference algebra has overgrown the frame of the theory of ordinary algebraic difference equations and appears as a rich theory with applications to the study of equations in finite differences, functional equations, differential equations with delay, algebraic structures with operators, group and semigroup rings.

The monograph is intended for graduate students and researchers in difference and differential algebra, commutative algebra, ring theory, and algebraic geometry. The book is self-contained; it requires no prerequisites other than the knowledge of basic algebraic concepts and a mathematical maturity of an advanced undergraduate.

Preface. 1. Preliminaries. 1.1 Basic terminology and background material. 1.2 Elements of the theory of commutative rings. 1.3 Graded and filtered rings and modules. 1.4 Numerical polynomials. 1.5 Dimension polynomials of sets of m-tuples. 1.6 Basic facts of the field theory. 1.7 Derivations and modules of differentials. 1.8 Gröbner Bases. 2. Basic concepts of difference algebra. 2.1 Difference and inversive difference rings. 2.2 Rings of difference and inversive difference polynomials. 2.3 Difference ideals. 2.4 Autoreduced sets of difference and inversive difference polynomails. Characteristic sets. 2.5 Ritt difference rings. 2.6 Varieties of difference polynomials. 3. Difference modules. 3.1 Rings of difference operators. Difference modules. 3.2 Dimension polynomials of difference modules. 3.3 Gröbner Bases with respects to several orderings and multivariable dimension polynomials of difference modules. 3.4 Inversive difference modules. 3.5 s*-Dimension polynomials and their invariants. 3.6 Dimension of general difference modules. 4. Difference field extensions. 4.1 Transformal dependence. Difference transcendental bases and difference transcendental degree. 4.2 Dimension polynomials of difference and inversive difference field extensions. 4.3 Limit degree. 4.4 The fundamental theorem on finitely generated difference field extensions. 4.5 Some results on ordinary difference field extensions. 4.6 Difference algebras. 5. Compatibility, Replicability, and Monadicity. Difference specializations. 5.1 Compatible and incompatible difference field extensions. 5.2 Difference kernels over ordinary difference fields. 5.3 Difference specializations. 5.4 Babbitt's decomposition. Criterion of compatibility. 5.5 Replicability. 5.6 Monadicity. 6. Difference kernels over partial difference fields. Difference valuation rings. 6.1 Difference kernels over partial difference fields and their prolongations. 6.2 Realizations of difference kernels over partial difference fields. 6.3 Difference valuation rings and extensions of difference specializations. 7. Systems of algebraic difference equations. 7.1 Solutions of ordinary difference polynomials. 7.2 Existence theorem for ordinary algebraic difference equations. 7.3 Existence of solutions of difference polynomials in the case of two translations. 7.4 Singular and Multiple Realizations. 7.5 Review of further results on varieties of ordinary difference polynomials. 7.6 Ritt's number. Greenspan's and Jacobi's Bounds. 7.7 Dimension polynomials and the strength of a system of algebraic difference equations. 8. Elements of the difference galois theory. 8.1 Galois correspondence for difference field extensions. 8.2 Picard-Vessiot theory of linear homogeneous difference equations. 8.3 Picard-Vessiot rings and galois theory of difference equations.Bibliography. Index.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Difference Algebra
Code EAN: 9781402069475
ISBN: 978-1-4020-6947-5
Protection contre la copie numérique: filigrane numérique
Format: eBook (pdf)
Editeur: Springer
Genre: Bases
nombre de pages: 521
Parution: 19.04.2008
Année: 2008
Sous-titre: Englisch
Taille de fichier: 3.9 MB