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The Aztecs

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 414 Nombre de pages
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- Makes use of the results of the latest excavations, historical documentation, and the author's first-hand knowledge to prov... Lire la suite
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Description

- Makes use of the results of the latest excavations, historical documentation, and the author's first-hand knowledge to provide a vivid and comprehensive account of the origins, civilization, religion, art, and science of the Aztecs.

Informationen zum Autor Michael E. Smith is Professor of Anthropology in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. He has directed excavations at numerous Aztec sites and is co-editor (with Marilyn Masson) of The Ancient Civilizations of Mesoamerica: A Reader (Blackwell, 1999) and author of Aztec City-State Capitals (University Press of Florida, 2008). Klappentext The Aztecs brings to life one of the best-known indigenous civilizations of the Americas in a vivid, comprehensive account of the ancient Aztecs.* A thorough examination of Aztec origins and civilization including religion, science, and thought* Incorporates the latest archaeological excavations and research into explanations of the Spanish conquest and the continuity of Aztec culture in Central Mexico* Expanded coverage includes key topics such as writing, music, royal tombs, and Aztec predictions of the end of the world Zusammenfassung Makes use of the results of the latest excavations, historical documentation, and the author s first-hand knowledge to provide a vivid and comprehensive account of the origins, civilization, religion, art, and science of the Aztecs. Inhaltsverzeichnis List of Figures xList of Tables xivPreface xvGuide to Pronunciation and Spelling xviii1 The Aztecs of Mesoamerica 1Who Were the Aztecs? 3Mesoamerican Context 5The Aztec Environment 7Sources of Information 12Ethnohistory 13Archaeology 20Art History 27Aztec Studies Today 282 The Rise of Aztec Civilization 30Timetables 31Pre-Aztec Civilizations 33The Aztlan Migrations 36Toltecs, Chichimecs, and Aztec Identity 39The Growth of City-States: The Early Aztec Period 40Tenochtitlan and Empire: The Late Aztec Period 463 People on the Landscape 60How Many Aztecs? 61The Aztec Diet 65Farming Systems 69Rural Settlement 77The Rural Landscape 814 Artisans and their Wares 82Utilitarian Crafts 82Luxury Crafts 94Otumba: An Aztec Craft Center 1035 The Commercial Economy 108Marketplaces 109Money 116Material Evidence for Aztec Commerce 119A Complex Economy 1246 Family and Social Class 127Growing up Aztec 128Adult Life and Social Roles 131Social Classes 134Commoners 135Nobles and their Palaces 1437 City-State and Empire 152City-States 153Relations Among City-States 159The Empire of the Triple Alliance 163Imperial Strategies and Control 165Mexica Propaganda and the Limits of Empire 1778 Cities and Urban Planning 179City-State Capitals 180Provincial Cities and Towns 184Tenochtitlan 1899 Creation, Death, and the Gods 197Myths of Creation 198Aztec Religion: Historical Background 201The Gods 204Death, Burial, and the Afterlife 21110 Temples and Ceremonies 217Priests 217Human Blood Offerings 219The Templo Mayor 225Public Ceremonies 235Private Rituals 23911 Science, Writing, and Calendars 244Writing 244Calendars and Astronomy 249Technology 259Medicine 26012 Art, Music, and Literature 263Art 263Literature and Poetry 271Music and Dance 27413 Final Glory, Conquest, and Legacy 278The Final Century: 1428-1519 279Conquest by Spain 282The Nahuas under Spanish Rule 290Continuity and Change 296The Aztec Legacy: Modern Nahua Indian Culture 298The Aztec Past and the Mexican Present 300A Wider Perspective 303Notes 305Glossary of Nahuatl Terms 337References 339Index 385 ...

Auteur
Michael E. Smith is Professor of Anthropology in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. He has directed excavations at numerous Aztec sites and is co-editor (with Marilyn Masson) of The Ancient Civilizations of Mesoamerica: A Reader (Blackwell, 1999) and author of Aztec City-State Capitals (University Press of Florida, 2008).

Texte du rabat
The Aztecs brings to life one of the best-known indigenous civilizations of the Americas in a vivid, comprehensive account of the ancient Aztecs. Immensely readable, Smith's detailed descriptions of the daily life of the Aztec people provide an excellent and thorough grounding in the subject for students and general readers. Based on the earliest discoveries and newest research in the field, The Aztecs, Third Edition has been revised and updated with the latest advances in Aztec archaeology and ethnohistory. Smith presents a new perspective on Aztec government and kings, additional descriptions of major archaeological sites, and expanded coverage of codices, religious beliefs, and the importance of areas distant from the capital city. New photographs and illustrations from the latest fieldwork rounds out the most informative and up-to-date treatment of Aztec civilization available.

Contenu
List of Figures x List of Tables xiv Preface xv Guide to Pronunciation and Spelling xviii 1 The Aztecs of Mesoamerica 1 Who Were the Aztecs? 3 Mesoamerican Context 5 The Aztec Environment 7 Sources of Information 12 Ethnohistory 13 Archaeology 20 Art History 27 Aztec Studies Today 28 2 The Rise of Aztec Civilization 30 Timetables 31 Pre-Aztec Civilizations 33 The Aztlan Migrations 36 Toltecs, Chichimecs, and Aztec Identity 39 The Growth of City-States: The Early Aztec Period 40 Tenochtitlan and Empire: The Late Aztec Period 46 3 People on the Landscape 60 How Many Aztecs? 61 The Aztec Diet 65 Farming Systems 69 Rural Settlement 77 The Rural Landscape 81 4 Artisans and their Wares 82 Utilitarian Crafts 82 Luxury Crafts 94 Otumba: An Aztec Craft Center 103 5 The Commercial Economy 108 Marketplaces 109 Money 116 Material Evidence for Aztec Commerce 119 A Complex Economy 124 6 Family and Social Class 127 Growing up Aztec 128 Adult Life and Social Roles 131 Social Classes 134 Commoners 135 Nobles and their Palaces 143 7 City-State and Empire 152 City-States 153 Relations Among City-States 159 The Empire of the Triple Alliance 163 Imperial Strategies and Control 165 Mexica Propaganda and the Limits of Empire 177 8 Cities and Urban Planning 179 City-State Capitals 180 Provincial Cities and Towns 184 Tenochtitlan 189 9 Creation, Death, and the Gods 197 Myths of Creation 198 Aztec Religion: Historical Background 201 The Gods 204 Death, Burial, and the Afterlife 211 10 Temples and Ceremonies 217 Priests 217 Human Blood Offerings 219 The Templo Mayor 225 Public Ceremonies 235 Private Rituals 239 11 Science, Writing, and Calendars 244 Writing 244 Calendars and Astronomy 249 Technology 259 Medicine 260 12 Art, Music, and Literature 263 Art 263 Literature and Poetry 271 Music and Dance 274 13 Final Glory, Conquest, and Legacy 278 The Final Century: 1428-1519 279 Conquest by Spain 282 The Nahuas under Spanish Rule 290 Continuity and Change 296 The Aztec Legacy: Modern Nahua Indian Culture 298 The Aztec Past and the Mexican Present 300 A Wider Perspective 303 Notes 305 Glossary of Nahuatl Terms 337 References 339 Index 385

Informations sur le produit

Titre: The Aztecs
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9781405194976
ISBN: 978-1-4051-9497-6
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Genre: Histoire
nombre de pages: 414
Poids: g
Taille: H19mm x B229mm x T153mm
Année: 2011
Auflage: 3. Aufl.

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