Bienvenue chez nous!
Logo Ex Libris

Current Issues and Controversies in Policing

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 400 Nombre de pages
Texte du rabatThis text examines the major issues and controversies facing police officers and provides the reader with a solid un... Lire la suite
CHF 78.60
Habituellement expédié sous 2 à 3 semaines.

Description

Texte du rabat

This text examines the major issues and controversies facing police officers and provides the reader with a solid understanding of the state of policing in the U. S. today.  The main theme of this text is change in policing, and the issues that shape the policing community - past and present.

 

Each chapter begins by placing its issues in historical context, then tracing how issues have evolved over time and finally discussing the resultant current challenges of today.

 

Five general areas of policing are examined:

o        (1) Selection, Recruitment and Training;

o        (2) New Philosophies and Strategies;

o        (3) Police Management and Operations;

o        (4) Police Misconduct and Accountability;

o        (5) The Future of Policing.

 

To reinforce the material for students, each chapter contains several pedagogical devices including: introductory and summary sections, lists of key words, and 5-10 discussion questions that the professor can use to test students' knowledge of the material and foster discussion in class.

 



Contenu
Preface

 

1          RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION

            The Traditional Approach

                        The First Fifty Years of Professional Policing

                        Reforming the Police: Recruitment and Selection as a First Step

                        The Emergence of Selection Procedures: Elements of a Standard Process

            Current Issues and Controversies

                        Recruitment

                        Basic Requirements

                        Selection Tests

                        Other Current Issues in Recruitment and Selection

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 1A Scholar's Perspective: The Challenge of Police Recruitment, by Heath Grant

            References

 

2          TRAINING THE POLICE

            Craft versus Profession

                        Policing as a Craft

                        Policing as a Profession

Finding the Middle Ground: Reducing the Gap between the Academy and the Street

                        The Need for Training and Education

            Police Academy Training

                        Historical Perspective

                        The Traditional Academy Model

                        Shortcomings of the Traditional Academy Training

            Field Training Officer Programs

                        The San Jose Model

                        The Benefits of an FTO Program

                        Performance Evaluation of Rookies

                        Selecting the Field Training Officers

                        An Example of an FTO Program

            In-Service Training

                        Specialized Training

                        Management Training

            Current Issues

                        Changing the Traditional Police Academy Pedagogy: Andragogy

                        Training in Community/Problem-Oriented Policing

                        Multicultural/Diversity Training

                        Stress Management Training

                        Domestic Violence Training

                        Training in Handling the Mentally Ill

                        Training in Communication and Writing

                        Technology and Training

                        Counterterrorism Training

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 2A Scholar's Perspective: Police Training in America, by Maria (Maki) Haberfeld

            References

 

3          DEVELOPING THE PROFESSIONAL POLICING MODEL

The Origins of Professional Policing: Sir Robert Peel and the Metropolitan London Police

                        The Impetus for Change in London

                        Sir Robert Peel and the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829

                        The Need for Development of Professional Policing in the United States

            U.S. Policing in the Nineteenth Century

                        Who Became Police Officers and How Did They Get the Job?

                        The Activities of the Nineteenth-Century U.S. Police Officer

                        Corruption and Brutality

            Reforming the Police

                        A First Attempt at Reform

                        A Second Effort at Police Reform

            Cracks in the Foundation of the Professional Police Model

                        A Partial Success

                        Signs of Trouble: Prohibition and the Wickersham Commission

                        The Police Subculture and the Working Personality

                        The 1950s and 1960s: National Crisis and the Police

                        The Research Revolution

                        Fallout from the 1960s: Policing Comes Full Circle

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 3A Scholar's Perspective: Populism, Politics, and the Struggle for Police Professionalism in the United States, by Anders Walker

References

 

4          NEW POLICING PHILOSOPHIES AND STRATEGIES

            Problem-Oriented Policing

                        Theoretical Foundations

                        The Basic Elements of Problem-Oriented Policing: The SARA Model

                        Characteristics of the Problem-Oriented Police Department

                        Diffusion: How Widespread Is Problem-Oriented Policing?

                        Research on the Effectiveness of Problem-Oriented Policing

                        Limitations and Questions

            Community-Oriented Policing

                        Theoretical Foundations

                        Core Features of Community Policing

                        Diffusion

                        Research on the Effectiveness of Community Policing

                        Limitations and Questions

            CompStat

                        Background

                        The Stages of CompStat

                        The Six Core Components

                        Diffusion and Impact of CompStat

            Zero Tolerance Policing

                        The Principles of Zero Tolerance Policing

                        The Impact of Zero Tolerance Policing

            COP, POP, CompStat, and Zero Tolerance: Similarities and Differences

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 4A Scholar's Perspective: Ethical Complexities of Broken Windows Policing Strategies, by Justin Ready

            References

 

5          THE POLICE ORGANIZATION

            The Police Bureaucracy

                        Bureaucracy and the Police

                        The Quasi-Military Style of Policing

            Civil Service

            Police Unions

Function and Structure of the Police Organization

            Functions of the Police

            Structure of the Police Organization

            Supervision and Leadership

Current Issues in Police Management and Organization

            Alternative Organizational Methods

            Manpower and Resource Shortages

            Militarization of the Police

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Appendix 5A Scholar's Perspective: Restructuring of the City of Paterson, New Jersey, Police Department, by Michael C. Walker

References

 

6          POLICE FIELD WORK

            Police and the Law

Key Legal Principles and Issues from the Bill of Rights: Search, Seizure, and Arrest

                        Current Issues and Controversies Involving the Law

            Discretion and Decision Making

                        Defining and Discovering Discretion

                        The Context of Police Decision Making

                        Understanding the Complexity of Police Decision Making

Building on What We Know: Increasing the Rationality of Police Decision Making

            New (and Some Old) Crime Problems

                        Drugs and Gangs

                        Policing Domestic Violence

                        Police and the Mentally Ill

                        Identity Theft and Computer Crime

                        Terrorism

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 6A Scholar's Perspective: The Police and Sex Offenders, by Karen J. Terry

            References

 

7          MEASURING POLICE PERFORMANCE

            The Unclear Police Mandate

            Traditional Measures of Police Performance

                        The Numbers Game

                        Summary

            New Measures of Police Performance

                        At the Department Level

                        At the Individual Officer Level

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 7A Practitioner's Perspective: Measuring Police Officer Performance in the NYPD, by Anthony J. Raganella

            References

 

8          POLICE MISCONDUCT

            Defining and Measuring Police Misconduct

                        Police Crime

                        Occupational Deviance

                        Corruption

                        Abuse of Authority

            U.S. Policing and Misconduct: History, Prevalence, and Consequences

                        The History of U.S. Policing and Misconduct

                        How Prevalent Is Police Misconduct Today?

                        The Consequences of Police Misconduct

            Theoretical Frameworks for Understanding Police Misconduct

                        The Rotten Apple Theory

                        Structural Explanations

            The Persistent Problems for Police

                        Abuse of Authority

                        Corruption

                        Prejudice and Discrimination

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 8A Scholar's Perspective: Police Pursuit: Policies and Training, by Geoffrey P. Alpert

            References

 

 

9          POLICE ACCOUNTABILITY: INTERNAL MECHANISMS

            Internal Control Mechanisms

                        Careful Recruitment and Selection of Personnel

                        Police Training

                        Supervision

                        Administrative Guidance

                        Internal Affairs

                        Integrity Tests

                        Accreditation

                        Changing the Subculture

                        The Central Role of the Chief

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 9A Scholar's Perspective: Early Warning Systems: Responding to the Problem Police Officer, by Samuel Walker, Geoffrey P. Alpert, and Dennis J. Kenney

References

 

10        POLICE ACCOUNTABILITY: EXTERNAL MECHANISMS

            External Control Mechanisms

                        Criminal Law: Prosecuting the Police

                        Civil Litigation: Suing the Police

                        Judicial Intervention

                        Special Investigations

                        U.S. Department of Justice Consent Decrees

                        Citizen Oversight

                        Public Interest Groups, the Media, and the Public

            Summary

            Key Terms

            Discussion Questions

Appendix 10A Scholar's Perspective: Supercession of the Camden, New Jersey, Police Department, by Carmen V. LaBruno

            References

 

11        TECHNOLOGY AND THE POLICE

            Stages of Technological Advancement

                        The First Stage: 1881-1945

                        The Second Stage: 1946-1959

                        The Third Stage: 1960-1979

                        The Fourth Stage: 1980-present

            Crime Scene Investigation

                        Historical Perspective

                        The Locard Principle and Physical Evidence

                        Basic Procedures in Crime Scene Investigation

                        The Realities of Crime Scene Investigation

            Crime Analysis

                        Historical Perspective

            &n...

Détails sur le produit

Titre: Current Issues and Controversies in Policing
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9780205470051
ISBN: 978-0-205-47005-1
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Editeur: Pearson Academic
Genre: Sciences politiques
nombre de pages: 400
Année: 2006