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Exploration and Production of Oceanic Natural Gas Hydrate

  • Livre Relié
  • 405 Nombre de pages
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This book describes aspects of the natural gas hydrate (NGH) system that offer opportunities for the innovative application of exi... Lire la suite
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Description

This book describes aspects of the natural gas hydrate (NGH) system that offer opportunities for the innovative application of existing technology and development of new technology that could dramatically lower the cost of NGH exploration and production. It is written for energy industry professsionals and those concerned with energy choices and efficiencies at a university graduate level. The NGH resource is compared with physical, environmental, and commercial aspects of other gas resources. The authors' theme is that natural gas can provide for base and peak load energy demands during the transition to and possibly within a renewable energy future. This is possibly the most useful book discussing fossil fuels that will be a reference for environmentalists and energy policy institutions, and for the environmental and energy community.

Auteur

Michael Max has a broad background including geology, geophysics, chemistry, acoustics, and information technology. Max has a BSc (History, Geology) from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, an MSc (Petroleum & Economic Geology) from the University of Wyoming, and a PhD (Geology) from Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. He has worked as a geologist / geophysicist for the Geological Survey of Ireland, the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC in shallow water acoustic propagation prediction, and the NATO Undersea Research Center, La Spezia, Italy in at-sea experiments and operational technology applications. From 1999 to 2011 Max was CEO and Head of Research for Marine Desalination Systems LLC, which established a hydrate research laboratory and explored industrial applications of hydrate chemistry. He has been an author on many scientific publications and three textbooks and over 40 patents and patent applications. He assisted in the writing of the U.S. Gas Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000. Michael was appointed by the Secretary of Energy to the Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee of the Department of Energy for 2014--2017, and is Co-Chair, Diving Committee of the Marine Technology Society. He has been a principal of HEI since 2001 and is also an Adjunct Professor in the School of Geological Sciences of University College, Dublin, Ireland. Max is a member of the Geological Society of America, Geological Society of London, American Geophysical Union, American Chemical Society, Explorers Club, Coast Guard Auxiliary, Acoustical Society of America, and American Association for the Advancement of Science, amongst others.
Arthur H. Johnson is a founding partner of Hydrate Energy International, LLC (HEI) and is engaged in energy consulting in the U.S. and throughout the world. Prior to forming HEI in 2002, Art was a geologist with Chevron for 25 years where his career included most aspects of hydrocarbon exploration and development. Art was instrumental in initiating Chevron's Gulf of Mexico program for gas hydrate studies in 1995. He has advised Congress and the White House on energy issues since 1997, and chaired advisory committees for several Secretaries on Energy. He has an on-going role coordinating the research efforts of industry, universities, and government agencies. Art served as the Gas Hydrate Lead Analyst for the "Global Energy Assessment", an international project undertaken by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) of Vienna, Austria and supported by the World Bank, UN organizations, and national governments that evaluated the energy resource base of the entire planet with a view to addressing energy needs in the decades to come. He is Chair of the Gas Hydrate Committee of the Energy Minerals Division of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) and has a continuing role as an AAPG Visiting Geoscientist. Art has published over 80 papers and articles, along with several books. These cover a diverse range of topics that include geology, geophysics, economics, and astrogeology.



Contenu

Preface
1. Energy Overview: Prospects for Natural Gas
1.1 Energy, GDP, and Society
1.2 The Energy Mix
1.3 Matching Power Supply to Demand
1.4 Energy Policy in a CO2 Sensitive Power Future
1.5 Strategic Importance of Natural Gas in the New Energy Paradigm
1.6 Natural Gas Backstop to Renewable Energy
References
2. Economic Characteristics of Deepwater Natural Gas Hydrate
2.1 Natural Gas Hydrate
2.2 NGH Stability within the GHSZ: Implications for Gas Production Cost
2.3 Geology Controls NGH Paragenesis
2.4 Production-Oriented Classification of Oceanic NGH
2.5 NGH May Be the Largest Natural Gas Resource on Earth
2.6 NGH in the Spectrum of Conventional and Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
2.7 Low Environmental Risk Character of the NGH Resource
References
3. Exploration for Deepwater Natural Gas Hydrate
3.1 NGH Exploration
3.2 NGH Petroleum System Analysis
3.3 Marine Sediment Host for NGH deposits
3.4 NGH Exploration Methods
3.6 NGH Exploration Potential: Glacial Period Sea Level Low Stands in the Mediterranean and Black Seas
References
4. Potential High-Quality Reservoir Sediments in the Gas Hydrate Stability Zone
4.1 High-Quality Sand Reservoirs on Continental Margins
4.2 Subsided Rift-Related Sediments
4.3 Paralic Reservoirs
4.4 Aeolian-Sabkha Reservoirs
4.5 Sequence Stratigraphy-Related Marine Sequences
4.6 High-Quality Reservoir Potential in the Mediterranean and Black Seas
4.7 Exploration for High-Quality Reservoirs
References
5. Valuation of NGH Deposits
5.1 Petrogenesis
5.2 Valuation
5.3 Geophysical Characterization of NGH Deposit Settings
5.4 The Creaming Curve
References
6. Deepwater Natural Gas Hydrate Innovation Opportunities
6.1 NGH Technology Opportunities
6.2 Exploration Opportunities
6.3 Drilling
6.4 Production Opportunities
6.5 Operations on the Seafloor
6.6 Environmental Security
6.7 Lightweight Exploration and Production
6.8 Summary of NGH Opportunity Issues and Conclusions
References
7. Leveraging Technology for NGH Development and Production
7.1 The Curve of Technology and Innovation
7.2 Moving to the Seafloor: Subsea Industrial Sites
7.3 Background Technology Trends
7.4 Drilling
7.5 Production Issues
7.6 Modularization of Apparatus
7.7 Leveraging of Conventional Technology
References
8. New Technology for NGH Development and Production
8.1 New Technology for NGH Development and Production
8.2 Exploration
8.3 Drilling
8.4 Production Issues
8.5 Well Abandonment
8.6 NGH as a Geotechnical Material
8.7 Role of Intellectual Property
8.8 Technology Readiness Levels (TRL)
8.9 Optimizing Leveraged and Innovative Technology for NGH Development
References
9. Offshore Operations and Logistics
9.1 NGH Exploration and Production Operations
9.2 Access
9.3 Open Oceanic Regions
9.4 Arctic Ocean
9.5 Other Frontier Areas
References
10. Energy Resource Risk Factors
10.1 Factoring Risk into Development of Energy Resources
10.2 Risk Factors of Natural Gas Resource Types
10.3 Risk of Overdependence on Natural Gas
10.4 Environmental Risk to Energy Projects and Production
10.5 NGH Environmental Risk
10.6 Geohazards
10.7 Risks of Non-NGH Energy Sources
10.8 Regulations, Leasing, Tax Matters, and Law
10.9 Energy Prices
10.10 Business Cycles
10.11 Exploration Risk
10.12 New Technology Risk
10.13 Risk-Cost-Benefit Analysis
References
11. Commercial Potential of Natural Gas Hydrate
11.1 State of the Industry
11.2 Conventional and Shale Gas and Oil Dominate Markets
11.3 Underlying Economics of the Natural Gas Commodity
11.4 Supply, Demand and Natural Gas Resources and Markets
11.5 The Emerging World Gas Market
11.6 A World Price for Natural Gas
11.7 NGH Factors
11.8 How Soon NGH?
References Index

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Exploration and Production of Oceanic Natural Gas Hydrate
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9783319433844
ISBN: 978-3-319-43384-4
Format: Livre Relié
Genre: Mécanique
nombre de pages: 405
Poids: 856g
Taille: H26mm x B242mm x T162mm
Année: 2016
Auflage: 1st ed. 2016

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