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A Century of Crisis and Conflict in the International System

  • Livre Relié
  • 419 Nombre de pages
This book is designed to present a fully developed theory of international crisis and conflict, along with substantial evidence of... Lire la suite
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Description

This book is designed to present a fully developed theory of international crisis and conflict, along with substantial evidence of these two closely related phenomena. The book begins with a discussion of these topics at a theoretical level, defining and elaborating on core concepts: international crisis, interstate conflict, severity, and impact. This is followed by a discussion of the international system, along with two significant illustrations, the Berlin Blockade crisis (1948) and the India-Pakistan crisis over Kashmir (1965-66). The book then presents a unified model of crisis, focusing on the four phases of an international crisis, which incorporate the four periods of foreign policy crises for individual states. Findings from thirteen conflicts representing six regional clusters are then analyzed, concluding with a set of hypotheses and evidence on conflict onset, persistence, and resolution.

Auteur

Michael Brecher is the R.B. Angus Professor of Political Science at McGill University, Canada.



Contenu

1. Multiple Paths to Knowledge

A. INTERNATIONAL CRISIS BEHAVIOR (ICB) PROJECT: OVERVIEW
Origins
Colleagues, Coders and Advisers
Rationale and Methods
Objectives
Formative Publications (1977-1980)
Case Studies - Qualitative Analysis
Data Sets and Aggregate Analysis
B. MILLENNIAL REFLECTIONS ON CRISIS AND CONFLICT
Advocates and Critics
Rationale
Diversity in International Studies
C. INTELLECTUAL ODYSSEY: PHASES, THEMES, CONCEPTS
Phases and Themes
Political Leadership and Charisma (Odyssey I)
Dynamics of the Arab/Israel Conflict (Odyssey II)
Interstate Crises and Conflicts (Odyssey III)
Concepts
Subordinate State System
Foreign Policy System
International System
Foreign Policy Crisis
International Crisis
Unified Model of Crisis
Crisis Severity
Crisis Impact
Protracted Conflict
Polycentrism
2. Theory I: Core Concepts and Systems
A. CORE CONCEPTS
International Crisis and Protracted Conflict
Severity and Impact
B. SYSTEM AND CRISIS
International System
Systemic Crisis
Berlin Blockade Crisis 1948-49
India/Pakistan Crisis over Kashmir 1965-66
Severity and Impact
Unit-System Linkages
3. Theory II: Unified Model of Crisis (UMC) and the ICB Framework
A. UNIFIED MODEL OF CRISIS
Conceptual Guidelines: Overview
Onset Phase--Pre-Crisis Period: Hypotheses on Onset; Crisis Onset Model Escalation Phase--Crisis Period: Hypotheses on Escalation
De-Escalation Phase--End Crisis Period: Hypotheses on De-Escalation
Impact Phase--Post-Crisis Period: Hypotheses on Impact
B. CHANGES IN ICB STRUCTURE
Recent Additions to Crisis-Conflict Project
Overview of Findings
4. General Findings: Foreign Policy Crises
Dataset: 29 Cases
Context Dimensions
Methodology in Case Studies: An Unresolved Debate
General Findings on Attributes of Foreign Policy Crises:
Trigger
Triggering Entity
Duration
Decisions
Decision-Makers
Attitudinal Prism
Values
Findings on Coping: Crisis Management
Information Processing
Consultation
Decisional Forum
Search for, and Consideration of, Alternatives
Findings on System Structures
Multipolarity
Bipolarity
Bipolycentrism
Unipolycentrism
Coping with Foreign Policy Crises: New Evidence Confronts Conventional Wisdom Hypotheses on Effects of Time and Impact of Stress
Cognitive Dimension
Decisional Dimension
Shared Response to Stress
Explanation - Commonality in Coping with High Stress
Stress-Behavior Relationship: Evidence from 29 Foreign Policy Crises
Test of Neo-Realism: Evidence from 29 Foreign Policy Crises
5. Theory III: Interstate Conflicts
Conflict Resolution Model
Basic Causes of Conflict Resolution
Collective Exhaustion
Changes in Balance of Capability
Domestic Pressures for Conflict Resolution External Pressures for Conflict Resolution
Reduction in Discordant Objectives
Reduction in Conflict-Sustaining Acts
Perceptual Calculus
Catalyst
Hypotheses on Conflict Resolution
6. Select Case Study Findings on Interstate Conflict: Africa and Americas
A. AFRICA
Chad/Libya
Ethiopia/Somalia
Western Sahara
B. AMERICAS
Costa Rica/Nicaragua
7. Select Case Study Findings on Interstate Conflict: Asia
Afghanistan/Pakistan
China/Vietnam
8. Select Case Study Findings on Interstate Conflict: Europe and the Middle East
A. EUROPE
Finland/Russia-USSR
Poland/Russia-USSR
B. MIDDLE EAST
Iran/Iraq
9. Select Case Study Findings on Interstate Conflict: Inter-Region
Georgia/Russia-USSR
Inter-Korea
North Vietnam/U.S.
Taiwan Strait
10. What Have We Learned about Interstate Conflict?
Hypotheses and Evidence on Conflict Onset
Hypotheses and Evidence on Conflict Persistence
Hypotheses and Evidence on Conflict Resolution
11. Critique of International Studies
A. SHORTCOMINGS
Intolerance of Competing Paradigms, Models, Methods, Findings
Closed-Mind Mentality
Tendency to Research Fashions Retreat from Science in IR, IS, WP
Low Value placed on Cumulation of Knowledge
B. FLAWED DICHOTOMIES
Theory vs. History as Approaches to Knowledge
Deductive vs. Inductive Paths to Theory
Horizontal (breadth) vs. Vertical (depth) Focus of Inquiry
Aggregate Data vs. Case Study Methods of Analysis
Large 'N' vs. Small 'N' clusters of data
System vs. Actor as the optimal Level of Analysis
Rational Calculus vs. Psychological Constraints on choice and the related divide (Reality vs. Perceptions as key to explain state behavior) Neo-Realism vs. Neo-Institutionalism or Constructivism as the correct Paradigm for the Study of World Politics
C. FINAL WORDS

Détails sur le produit

Titre: A Century of Crisis and Conflict in the International System
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9783319571553
ISBN: 978-3-319-57155-3
Format: Livre Relié
Genre: Médias et communication
nombre de pages: 419
Poids: 680g
Taille: H28mm x B217mm x T157mm
Année: 2017
Auflage: 1st ed. 2018