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Distributive Justice

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 136 Nombre de pages
Einwanderung hinterlasst ihre Spuren in der Struktur der Bevölkerung: Die sich daraus ergebende gesellschaftliche Heterogenitat - ... Lire la suite
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Description

Einwanderung hinterlasst ihre Spuren in der Struktur der Bevölkerung: Die sich daraus ergebende gesellschaftliche Heterogenitat - die Vielfalt an Sprachen, Religionen und Kulturen - stellt auch die Sozialwissenschaften immer wieder vor neue Herausforderungen. Der Band nahert sich den Themen Migration und Integration aus interdisziplinarer Perspektive. Die Beitrage aus Politologie, Soziologie, Padagogik und Linguistik gruppieren sich um die zentralen sozialwissenschaftlichen Kategorien Biografie, Sprache und Bildung. Die elf Autor(inn)en dieses Bandes prasentieren Ergebnisse qualitativer und quantitativer Studien, von denen sich zahlreiche auf eigene empirische Erhebungen stützen. Andere Beitrage systematisieren bereits vorliegende empirische Untersuchungen und gehen sekundaranalytisch vor. Die Perspektiven der Akteurinnen und Akteure werden in den Aufsatzen ebenso berücksichtigt wie die Rahmenbedingungen, die zu Ausgrenzung und Diskriminierung führen.

'Current political philosophy is inundated with works on distributive justice. What it has signally lacked - and what this book masterfully supplies - is a probing analytical comparison, by an economic theorist, of the major accounts dominating that literature. Michael Allingham, a distinguished expert on Walrasian general equilibrium theory and rational choice, brings that perspective systematically to bear on those accounts, meticulously isolating their respective strengths and weaknesses. A tour de force.' Hillel Steiner, Emeritus Professor of Political Philosophy and Honorary Research Fellow, University of Manchester, UK



Auteur

Michael Allingham is a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.



Texte du rabat

This book presents a critical appraisal of the main theories of distributive justice, that is, theories that seek to specify what is meant by a just distribution of goods among members of society. It does so in a framework in which all liberal theories of justice are seen as expressions of laissez-faire with compensations for factors that they consider to be morally arbitrary. More specifically, these theories are interpreted as specifying that the outcome of individuals acting independently, without the intervention of any central authority, is just, provided that those who fare ill for reasons that the theories deem to be arbitrary, for example, because they have fewer talents than others, receive compensation from those who fare well. The theories considered may be ordered from those which treat the most factors as being arbitrary to those which treat the least. They are Rawls's justice as fairness, Dworkin's equality of resources, what may loosely be called Steiner-Vallentyne common ownership theories, and Nozick's entitlements theory. The book considers the extent, if any, to which the theories discussed can accommodate both liberty and equality. It concludes that any such accommodation is problematic, but that if it is to be found it will be found among the common ownership theories.



Contenu

1. Introduction  2. Justice as fairness  3. Equality of resources  4. Entitlements  5. Common ownership  6. An assessment

Détails sur le produit

Titre: Distributive Justice
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9780415859103
ISBN: 978-0-415-85910-3
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Editeur: Taylor and Francis
Genre: Philosophie
nombre de pages: 136
Poids: 249g
Taille: H234mm x B156mm
Année: 2014