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Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

  • Livre Relié
  • 302 Nombre de pages
Protagoras argued that since things appear differently to different people, there is no basis on which to decide that one appearan... Lire la suite
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Description

Protagoras argued that since things appear differently to different people, there is no basis on which to decide that one appearance is true rather than another. This book examines his challenge to the possibility of knowledge and truth, and how important philosophers of the next generation, Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus, responded to it.

Texte du rabat

Relativism, the position that things are for each as they seem to each, was first formulated in Western philosophy by Protagoras, the 5th century BC Greek orator and teacher. Mi-Kyoung Lee focuses on the challenge to the possibility of expert knowledge posed by Protagoras, together with
responses by the three most important philosophers of the next generation, Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus. In his book Truth, Protagoras made vivid use of two provocative but imperfectly spelled out ideas: first, that we are all "measures" of the truth and that we are each already capable of
determining how things are for ourselves, since the senses are our best and most credible guides to the truth; second, given that things appear differently to different people, there is no basis on which to decide that one appearance is true rather than the other. Plato developed these ideas into a
more fully worked-out theory, which he then subjected to refutation in the Theaetetus. Aristotle argued that Protagoras' ideas lead to skepticism in Metaphysics Book G, a chapter which reflects awareness of Plato's reaction in the Theaetetus. And finally Democritus incorporated modified Protagorean
ideas and arguments into his theory of knowledge and perception.
There have been many important recent studies of these thinkers in isolation. However, there has been no attempt to tell a single, coherent story about how Democritus, Plato, and Aristotle responded to Protagoras' striking claim, and to its perceived implications about knowledge, perception, and
truth. By studying these four figures in relation to each other, we arrive at a better understanding of an important chapter in the development ofGreek epistemology.



Contenu

1. Introduction; 2. Protagoras' Aletheia; 3. Protagoras and relativism; 4. Self-refutation and contradiction; 5. The Secret Doctrine in Plato's Theaetetus; 6. Aristotle on Protagoras and the Theaetetus; 7. Aristotle on Protagoras and early conceptions of thinking and perceiving; 8. Democritus on appearances and perception: the early sources; 9. Democritus on knowledge and the senses: the late sources; 10. Conclusion

Détails sur le produit

Titre: Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus
Sous-titre: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9780199262229
ISBN: 978-0-19-926222-9
Format: Livre Relié
Editeur: OXFORD UNIV PR
Genre: Philosophie
nombre de pages: 302
Poids: 594g
Taille: H240mm x B165mm x T22mm
Année: 2005
Auflage: New