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Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 586 Nombre de pages
This unique book will help readers understand the complex topic of Knowledge Management. Moreover, the book underlines why knowled... Lire la suite
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Description

This unique book will help readers understand the complex topic of Knowledge Management. Moreover, the book underlines why knowledge is one of the most important strategic issues in achieving future manufacturing competitiveness.

Knowledge Management is a wide, critical and strategic issue for all the com- nies, from the SMEs to the most complex organizations. The key of competiti- ness is knowledge, because of the necessity of reactivity, flexibility, agility and innovation capacities. Knowledge is difficult to measure itself but what is visible, this is the way of improving products, technologies and enterprise organizations. During the last four years, based on the experience of most of the best experts around the World, CIRP (The International Academy for Production Engineering) has decided to prepare and structure a Network of Excellence (NoE) proposal. The European Community accepted to found the VRL-KCiP (Virtual Research La- ratory - Knowledge Community in Production). As its name indicates it, the aim of this NoE was really to build a "Knowledge Community in Production ". This was possible and realistic because the partners were representative of the most important universities in Europe and also because of strong partnerships with laboratories far from Europe (Japan, Australia, South Africa, USA, etc...). Based on such powerful partnership, the main issue was to help European manufacturing industry to define and structure the strategic knowledge in order to face the strategic worldwide challenges. Manufacturing in Europe currently has two essential aspects: 1. It has to be knowledge intensive given the European demands for high-tech products and services (e.g. electronics, medicines).

Auteur

Prof. A. Bernard was graduated in 1982 at ENS Cachan. He contributed to LURPA laboratory since 1983 and obtained his PhD in 1989, on 3D feature-based manufacturing of forging dies. Then, as an assistant professor, he worked in Ecole Centrale Paris on product, technology and process modelling. He also created, in 1993, the rapid prototyping and reverse engineering platform of Ecole Centrale Paris, the CREATE. From September 1996 to October 2001, he has been Professor in CRAN laboratory in Nancy, where he managed a research group on mechanical and production engineering. Since 2001, he has been Professor in Ecole Centrale de Nantes. He was the Head of the "Industrial products and systems engineering" department for three years and he is now Deputy Director for Research of Ecole Centrale de Nantes. Concerning his recent research activities, he founded and was the Head of the "Virtual Engineering for industrial engineering" research team in IRCCyN laboratory for four years. Prof. A. Bernard has been the vice-president of AFPR (French Rapid Prototyping Association) and its representative in GARPA (Global Alliance of Rapid Prototyping Associations) for 15 years. Since July 2003, he has been one of the members of the delegation for scientific evaluation at the French Ministry of Research for four years. Prof. A. Bernard is member of national scientific committees and of professional and scientific international organizations. He is also member of the editorial board of six journals (Rapid Prototyping J, IJ PLM (Guest Editor Europe), IJ Product Development, IJ Numerical Engineering, Virtual and Physical Prototyping J, Academic J Manufacturing Engineering) and reviewer for others (CAD, Computers in Industry, CERA, Robotics and CIM, IJ CIM, J Engineering Manufacture, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, ASME Transactions Journal of Computing information Science in Engineering, IJ Design and Innovation Research, Mécanique et Industries, Document Numérique). Prof. Alain Bernard is an author who already published several books in Springer. Prof. Serge Tichkiewitch is currently the General Director of the "Virtual Research Lab for a Knowledge Community in Production" Network of Excellence. He was the first general director of the French PRIMECA network, the former director of the Integrated Design team of the Soils, Solids and Structures Laboratory, composed of 40 persons, and the director of the Industrial Engineering and Management School of Engineers in Grenoble's Polytechnic Institute of Technology. All the contributors are several of the main actors in Design and Manufacturing domain. Most of them are CIRP fellow members and have a strong experience in developing knowledge-based systems and services. This means that Knowledge Management has been implemented during industrial projects and the results/case studies are described and explained in different ways, key issues and strategic aspects, strong difficulties, main methodologies for success. The background of the co-authors is not only theoretical, it is also based on a strong application experience with collaborations that allowed developing new KM approaches in companies context.



Texte du rabat

Knowledge Management is a vast and diverse topic that must be addressed by all modern industrial companies, from the smallest SMEs to the most complex organizations. Knowledge is a critical and strategic asset and the key to competitiveness in the modern manufacturing environment, as it facilitates capacities essential for achieving the required responsiveness, flexibility, agility and innovation. Nevertheless, knowledge itself is difficult to explicate and capture, and often can be recognized only in the improvements it brings to products, technologies and enterprise organizations. Four years ago, members of the CIRP community submitted a proposal to the 6th EU Framework Programme to establish a Network of Excellence (NoE). The European Community accepted this proposal, and thus the Virtual Research Laboratory - Knowledge Community in Production (VRL-KCiP) network was launched. The network set out to create a Knowledge Community in Production that would provide support and knowledge to EU industry. This goal was achieved thanks to (a) the ongoing cooperation and collaboration among the network partners, who represent leading universities worldwide, and (b) additional strong member partnerships with laboratories outside of Europe (Japan, Australia, South Africa, USA, and others). The main efforts of the VRL-KCiP NoE were aimed at aiding European manufacturing industry in defining and structuring its strategic knowledge in order to meet worldwide strategic challenges. These challenges, detailed below, have remained constant over the four years of the network's activities: Manufacturing must become knowledge intensive, given the demand for high-tech products (e.g. electronics, medicines). Given the relatively high labor costs in Europe compared to those in developing countries, manufacturing processes in Europe require high levels of expertise to realize required productivity. As a result of these challenges, over the past 30 years knowledge management (KM) has become a major issue in Europe, in academia as well as in industry. Indeed, firms have recognized that cultivating the "knowledge resource" is essential for management as well as for operations. The aim of this book is to help readers understand the complex topic of knowledge. Moreover, it underlines why knowledge is one of the most important strategic issues in achieving future manufacturing competitiveness. The book is a collection of 34 complementary contributions written by researchers from multinational locations and multidisciplinary perspectives. This book is unique in that it is based on the collective experience of these researchers and represents the status and current issues in the study and implementation of Knowledge Management today. The book describes fundamental concepts in knowledge and knowledge management and provides several case studies in the fields of design and manufacturing. In particular, the book presents several very original examples of knowledge management and knowledge sharing in the context of European manufacturing. Actual experiences and feedbacks are presented with respect to knowledge engineering approaches for design, manufacturing, and more generally for enterprise engineering. Moreover, methods and tools for knowledge integration within the extended enterprise and the value chain are described, and the role of knowledge management and documents in supporting radical innovation projects is also highlighted. The book discusses ontology, which constitutes the basis for formalizing and mapping knowledge from different points of view. Concrete examples are described and elaborated, mainly with respect to product, process and resource description and management along the lifecycle of mechanical systems. Moreover, the book outlines the knowledge management efforts within the VRL-KCiP network. These efforts include (a) realizing a common knowledge management capability in the multilingual, multinational, multidisciplinary distributed research lab, and (b) developing a knowledge map, which now forms the basis for efficient collabora

Contenu

Introduction.- What is knowledge?.- Communities.- Knowledge extraction and formalization.- KM models and methods.- KM tools.- Case studies in design.- Case studies in process planning.- Case studies in manufacturing.- Case studies in industrial heritage.

Détails sur le produit

Titre: Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management
Éditeur:
Code EAN: 9783642097188
ISBN: 978-3-642-09718-8
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Genre: Généralités et lexiques
nombre de pages: 586
Poids: g
Taille: H234mm x B234mm x T156mm
Année: 2010
Auflage: Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2008