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Information, Inference and Decision

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 208 Nombre de pages
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Under the title 'Information, Inference and Decision' this volume in the Theory and Decision Library presents some papers on issue... Lire la suite
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Description

Under the title 'Information, Inference and Decision' this volume in the Theory and Decision Library presents some papers on issues from the borderland of statistical inference philosophy and epistemology, written by statisticians and decision theorists who belonged or are allied to the former Saarbriicken school of statistical decision theory. In the first part I make an attempt to outline an objective theory of inductive behaviour, on the basis of R. A. Fisher's statistical inference philosophy, on the one hand, and R. Carnap's inductive logic, on the other. A special problem arising in the context of the new theory, viz., the problem of vagueness of concepts (in particular in the social sciences) is treated separately by H. Skala and myself. B. Leiner has contributed some biographical and bibliographical notes on the objective theory of inductive behaviour. Part II is concerned with inference philosophy. D. A. S. Fraser, the founder of structural inference theory, characterizes and compares some inference philosophies, and discusses his own and the arguments of the critics of his structural theory. In my opinion, Fraser's structural infer ence theory is suited to complete Fisher's inference philosophy in some essential points, if not to replace it. An interesting task for future re search work is to establish the connection between Fraser's theory and Carnap's ideas in the framework of an objective theory of inductive behaviour.

Contenu
I. Objective Theory of Inductive Behaviour.- Elements of an Objective Theory of Inductive Behaviour.- On the Problem of Vagueness in the Social Sciences.- Notes On Etiality, the Adaptation Criterion, and the 'Inference-Decision' Problem.- II. Problems of Inference.- Comparison of Inference Philosophies.- On the Logic of Tests of Significance with Special Reference to Testing the Significance of Poisson-Distributed Observations.- III. Probability, Information and Utility.- Probability and Utility Dual Concepts in Decision Theory.- Entropy and Utility.- Entropy, Gravity and Utility in Transportation Modelling.- IV. Semantic Information.- Prior and Posterior Probabilities and Semantic Information.- Remarks on Semantic Information.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Information, Inference and Decision
Éditeur:
Code EAN: 9789027704238
ISBN: 9027704236
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Editeur: Springer Netherlands
Genre: Sciences sociales, droit et économie
nombre de pages: 208
Poids: 309g
Taille: H229mm x B152mm x T11mm
Année: 1974
Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1974

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