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DNA Methylation, Epigenetics and Metastasis

  • Livre Relié
  • 310 Nombre de pages
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Most of the cancer patients die because the tumoral cells do not stick in the original site, but instead detach, invade and dissem... Lire la suite
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Description

Most of the cancer patients die because the tumoral cells do not stick in the original site, but instead detach, invade and disseminate throughout the bloodstream to distal sites, where these transformed cells start to proliferate and destroy again. In the last ten years, researchers have identified a number of important genes involved in these processes, including cadherins, laminins, heparan sulfates, inhibitors of proteases and angiogenesis and many others. The puzzling problem was that few genetic alterations in these genes had been described in human tumors, despite the common finding of down-regulation. CpG island hypermethylation-associated silencing has come to the rescue of several of these genes and has situated them in the forefront of the current cancer research. However epigenetic silencing is also much more than aberrant DNA methylation, a whole set of histone modifiers and chromatin remodelling factors conspire to maintain the repression of these tumor/metastasis suppressor genes. DNA demethylating agents and inhibitors of histone deacetylases are the first generation of epigenetic drugs to beat them. In this book, the current directions in the epigenetics of cancer progression and metastasis are comprehensively described. It is now the turn of the reader to take care of the future. Dr Manel Esteller, Director, Cancer Epigenetics Laboratory, Spanish National Cancer Centre (CNIO) mesteller@cnio.

Texte du rabat

Most of the cancer patients die because the tumoral cells do not "stick" in the original site, but instead detach, invade and disseminate throughout the bloodstream to distal sites, where these transformed cells start to proliferate and destroy again. In the last ten years, researchers have identified a number of important genes involved in these processes, including cadherins, laminins, heparan sulfates, inhibitors of proteases and angiogenesis and many others. The puzzling problem was that few genetic alterations in these genes had been described in human tumors, despite the common finding of down-regulation. CpG island hypermethylation-associated silencing has come to the rescue of several of these genes and has situated them in the forefront of the current cancer research. However epigenetic silencing is also much more than aberrant DNA methylation, a whole set of histone modifiers and chromatin remodelling factors "conspire" to maintain the repression of these tumor/metastasis suppressor genes. DNA demethylating agents and inhibitors of histone deacetylases are the first generation of epigenetic drugs to beat them. In this book, the current directions in the epigenetics of cancer progression and metastasis are comprehensively described. It is now the turn of the reader to take care of the future. Dr Manel Esteller, Director, Cancer Epigenetics Laboratory, Spanish National Cancer Centre (CNIO) mesteller@cnio.



Résumé
Provides an outline of the epigenetic mechanisms involved in cancer progression and the generation of metastasis. This book describes the tumor suppressor genes undergoing transcriptional silencing by CpG island promoter hypermethylation in the different tumor types of the human anatomy and their association with tumoral behaviour.

Contenu
Chapter 1: How CpG Island Hypermethylation Leads to Cancer Dissemination: The Sounds of Silence for Tumor and Metastasis Suppressor Genes. Manel Esteller Chapter 2: A Mouse Skin Multistage Carcinogenesis Model that Unmasks Epigenetic Lesions Responsible for Metastasis. Mario F. Fraga & Manel Esteller Chapter 3: CpG Island Hypermethylation and Lung Cancer Invasion and Metastasis. Ubaradka G. Sathyanarayana & Adi F. Gazdar Chapter 4: CpG Island Hypermethylation Changes During Prostate Cancer Progression and Metastasis. Srinivasan Yegnasubramanian & William G. Nelson Chapter 5: CpG Island Hypermethylation in Breast Cancer Progression and Metastasis. Paola Parrella Chapter 6: Epigenettic Dysregulation of Maspin (SerpinB5) in Cancer Invasion and Metastasis. Bernard W. Futscher & Frederick E. Domann Chapter 7: Epigenetic Regulation of the E-cadherin Cell-Cell Adhesion Gene. Hector Peinado & Amparo Cano Chapter 8: Epigenetic Disruption of the SLIT-ROBO Interactions in Human Cancer. Ashraf Dallol, Rachel E. Dickinson & Farida Latif Chapter 9: Molecular Mechanisms of the Metastasis-Associated Gene Family of Coregulators: Role in Cancer and Invasion. Seetharaman Balasenthil & Rakesh Kumar Chapter 10: The Molecular Mechanisms for BRMS1 Action in Cancer Metastasis. Rajeev S. Samant & Lalita A. Shevde Chapter 11: Mechanisms of DNA Demethylating Drugs Against Cancer Progression. Zunyan Dai, Kavitha Kosuri & Gregory A. Otterson Chapter 12: Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors: Novel Targeted Anti-Cancer Agents. Paul Marks & William Kevin Kelly.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: DNA Methylation, Epigenetics and Metastasis
Éditeur:
Code EAN: 9781402036415
ISBN: 978-1-4020-3641-5
Format: Livre Relié
Editeur: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Genre: Médecine
nombre de pages: 310
Poids: 701g
Taille: H251mm x B165mm x T19mm
Année: 2005