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Scale Invariance

  • Livre Relié
  • 395 Nombre de pages
This book presents a complete tour of formal advances and experimental results associated with the notion of scaling, in physics, ... Lire la suite
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Description

This book presents a complete tour of formal advances and experimental results associated with the notion of scaling, in physics, chemistry and biology. The text offers a thorough conceptual background and a simple account of a wide range of applications.

During a century, from the Van der Waals mean field description (1874) of gases to the introduction of renormalization group (RG techniques 1970), thermodynamics and statistical physics were just unable to account for the incredible universality which was observed in numerous critical phenomena. The great success of RG techniques is not only to solve perfectly this challenge of critical behaviour in thermal transitions but to introduce extremely useful tools in a wide field of daily situations where a system exhibits scale invariance. The introduction of scaling, scale invariance and universality concepts has been a significant turn in modern physics and more generally in natural sciences. Since then, a new "physics of scaling laws and critical exponents", rooted in scaling approaches, allows quantitative descriptions of numerous phenomena, ranging from phase transitions to earthquakes, polymer conformations, heartbeat rhythm, diffusion, interface growth and roughening, DNA sequence, dynamical systems, chaos and turbulence. The chapters are jointly written by an experimentalist and a theorist. This book aims at a pedagogical overview, offering to the students and researchers a thorough conceptual background and a simple account of a wide range of applications. It presents a complete tour of both the formal advances and experimental results associated with the notion of scaling, in physics, chemistry and biology.

Auteur

Michel Laguës since 2001 Full Professor at ESPCI Chairman of ESPCI Science Center Espace Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Creation and direction of the lab Surfaces et Supraconducteurs (ESPCI) Annick Lesne, Prof., Laboratoire de Physique Theorique de la Matiere Condensee, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie former position : Vice-director of the Institut des Systemes Complexes de Paris-Ile-de-France Series editor Echelles of publisher Belin, Member of the editorial board of the publisher Cassini since 2006 Member of the editorial board of the journal Natur, Sciences co-editor of 4 science history-oriented books Pierre Gilles de Gennes wrote the preface of this book because Michel Laguës, who is the chairman of the ESPCI Science Center, knew him very well and worked closely with him.



Résumé
From the reviews: "The book begins with an introduction to scale invariance in the context of critical behaviors. ... In addition to the high quality of its numerous diagrams and plots and the admirable readability of its equations and fonts, Scale Invariance is well written and surprisingly engaging. ... The authors also do an excellent job of including the history of the topics they present; they make wise decisions about when to include significant historical details ... . The diligent reader will benefit from Scale Invariance ... ." (John R. Saylor, Physics Today, November, 2012)

Contenu

Foreword by Pierre-Gilles de Gennes.- Introduction.- Change of State in Matter.- Fractal Geometry.- Universality as a Consequence of Scale Invariance.- Diffusion.- The Percolation Transition.- Scaling Concepts in Polymer Physics.- Superconducting Cuprates.- Growth Mechanisms and Interface Roughness.- Dynamical Systems, Chaos and Turbulence.- Self-Organized Critical Phenomena.- Scale Invariance in Biology.- Power and Limits of Scaling Approaches

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Scale Invariance
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9783642151224
ISBN: 978-3-642-15122-4
Format: Livre Relié
Editeur: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Genre: Physique et astronomie
nombre de pages: 395
Poids: 633g
Taille: H246mm x B164mm x T29mm
Année: 2011
Auflage: 2012

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