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Path of American Public Policy

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 240 Nombre de pages
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Anne Marie Cammisa is a visiting professor at the Georgetown Public Policy Institute. She is the author of From Rhetoric to Refor... Lire la suite
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Anne Marie Cammisa is a visiting professor at the Georgetown Public Policy Institute. She is the author of From Rhetoric to Reform? Welfare Policy in American Politics. Paul Christopher Manuel is professor of political science and director of the Institute for Leadership at Mount Saint Mary's University.

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Among all the worlds' democracies, the American system of government is perhaps the most self-conscious about preventing majority tyranny. The American constitutional system is predicated on an inherent ideational and institutional tension dating back to the foundation of the nation in the eighteenth century, which constrains innovative policy development. Namely, the framers designed a system that simultaneously seeks to protect the rights of the minority out of power and provide for majority rule. These opposing goals are based on the idea that limiting governmental power will guarantee individual liberty. The Path of American Public Policy: Comparative Perspectives asks how this foundational tension might limit the range of options available to American policy makers. What does the resistance to change in Washington teach us about the American system of checks and balances? Why is it so difficult (though not impossible) to make sweeping policy changes in the United States? How could things be different? What would be the implications for policy formation if the United States adopted a British-style parliamentary system? To examine these questions, this book gives an example of when comprehensive change failed (the 1994 Contract with America) and when it succeeded (the 2010 Affordable Care Act). A comparison of the two cases sheds light on how and why Obama's health care was shepherded to law under Nancy Pelosi, while Newt Gingrich was less successful with the Contract with America. The contrast between the two cases highlights the balance between majority rule and minority rights, and how the foundational tension constrains public-policy formation. While 2010 illustrates an exception to the rule about comprehensive policy change in the United States, the 1994 is an apt example of how our system of checks and balances usually works to stymie expansive, far-reaching legislative initiatives.

The Path of American Public Policy: Comparative Perspectives demonstrates how ideas and institutions influence public policy formation in the United States. This book presents comparative cases of when comprehensive change in the United States failed and when it succeeded and compares and contrasts the American presidential system to the British parliamentary system.


Preface Chapter 1: Of Ideas and Institutions: The Foundational Tension of American Democracy Introduction Why Does American Government Appear to Be Spinning Its Wheels? The Foundational Tension: Majority Rule versus Minority Rights How the Foundational Ideational Tension Limits Innovative Policy Development: Ideas Conceptualized as Cognitive Locks Conclusion Structure of the Remainder of the Book Chapter 2: The Path of Political Development in Great Britain and the United States: A Brief Comparative History Why American Government Operates under Checks and Balances, and British Government Does Not The Evolution of the British Parliament Key Institutional Features of British Democracy The Creation of the American Presidential System Key Institutional Features of American Democracy Conclusion Chapter 3: Agenda Setting and Agenda Control: Case One: A Legislative History of the 1994 Republican Contract with America The 1994 Contract with America Introduction to the 104th Congress The Framers' Fears of the Tyranny of the Majority and the 1994 Republican Contract with America Background: Where Did the Contract Come From? The Contract with America The First Hundred Days of the 104th Congress American Congress Function Differently than the British Parliament Chapter 4: Agenda Setting and Agenda Control: Case Two: The 2008-2010 Battle over Health Care Introduction Background Agenda Setting and Agenda Control Congress's Turn: Policy Formation and Legitimation Welcome (Again) to the World of Checks and Balances Conclusion: Lessons from the Past Chapter 5: What if American Democracy Were on a Different Path? How a British-Style Parliamentary System Could Change American Politics How American Political Development Could Have Been on a Different Path How Selected Election Outcomes Might Have Been Different Chapter 6: Conclusion: Ideas and Institutions Matter Problem One: Divided Government Problem Two: Gridlock Problem Three: No Means to Quickly Replace a Failed or Deadlocked Administration Some Possible Solutions? Ideas and Institutions Matter Bibliography About the Authors

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Path of American Public Policy
Sous-titre: Comparative Perspectives
Code EAN: 9780739186619
ISBN: 978-0-7391-8661-9
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Editeur: Rowman and Littlefield
Genre: Sciences politiques
nombre de pages: 240
Poids: 359g
Taille: H229mm x B152mm x T14mm
Année: 2013