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Standards for the Socioeconomic Evaluation of Health Care Services

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 204 Nombre de pages
Texte du rabat This book has been designed to provide a lucid introduction to socioeconomic evaluations, which include cost-benefi... Lire la suite
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Description

Texte du rabat

This book has been designed to provide a lucid introduction to socioeconomic evaluations, which include cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis as well as quality of life studies. It describes the rationale and methods of socioeconomic evaluations, covering both theoretical and practical issues in a way that can be easily understood and applied. A theme that runs throughout the book is the application of these techniques to pharmaceuticals, however, the principles and methods are universal and are not limited to this application.



Contenu

Socioeconomic Evaluations: an Executive Summary.- I: Guidelines for the Evaluator.- 1 Introduction to Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Brief History of Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 1.3 Compromises and Choices in Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 1.4 Why Socioeconomic Evaluations Are Performed.- 1.5 Organization of the Text.- 2 Concepts in Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Generating Socioeconomic Hypotheses.- 2.3 Socioeconomic Concepts.- 2.3.1 Costs.- 2.3.2 Consequences.- 2.3.3 Marginal Analysis.- 2.4 Discounting and the Dimension of Time.- 2.5 Conclusion.- 3 Types of Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Types of Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 3.2.1 Cost-Benefit Analysis.- 3.2.2 Cost-Utility Analysis.- 3.2.3 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.- 3.2.4 Cost-Minimization Analysis.- 3.2.5 Cost of Illness Studies.- 3.2.6 Quality of Life Studies.- 3.2.7 Budgetary Analysis.- 3.3 Conclusion.- 4 Framework of the Evaluation.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Defining the Research Question.- 4.3 The Perspective.- 4.3.1 The Perspective of Society.- 4.3.2 The Perspective of the Third Party Payer.- 4.3.3 The Perspective of the Health Care Provider.- 4.3.4 The Patient's Perspective.- 4.3.5 Perspective: An Overview.- 4.4 The Alternatives.- 4.4.1 The Research Question: An Overview.- 4.5 Pathways of Clinical Management.- 4.6 Conclusion.- 5 Assessing Costs.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Types of Costs.- 5.3 Determinants of the Types of Costs To Incorporate into Analysis.- 5.3.1 Type of Analysis.- 5.3.2 Alternatives.- 5.3.3 Perspective.- 5.4 Process of Identifying Costs.- 5.5 Assigning Monetary Values to Resources.- 5.6 Monetary Valuation of Consequences.- 5.7 Specific Types of Costs.- 5.8 Common Problems in Estimating Costs.- 5.9 Conclusion.- 6 Assessing Consequences.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Types of Consequences.- 6.2.1 Clinical Consequences.- 6.2.2 Psychosocial Consequences.- 6.2.3 Economic Consequences.- 6.3 Determinants of Which Consequences Are Included in an Analysis.- 6.3.1 Type of Study.- 6.3.2 Research Question.- 6.3.3 Perspective.- 6.4 Medication Compliance.- 6.5 Conclusion.- 7 Adjusting Costs and Consequences.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Discounting.- 7.3 Sensitivity Analysis.- 7.4 Conclusion.- 8 Issues in Study Design.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Measurement of Consequences.- 8.3 Dimensions of Study Design.- 8.3.1 Prospective Studies.- 8.3.2 Pre-test Post-test Design.- 8.3.3 Quasi-experimental Designs.- 8.3.4 Variations on Prospective Studies.- 8.3.5 Retrospective Studies.- 8.4 Modeling.- 8.5 Conclusion.- 9 How To Assess a Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Guide for Evaluating Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 9.3 Case Study 1.- 9.4 Case Study 2.- II: Technical Aspects.- 10 Quality of Life Assessment in Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 10.1 Definition of Quality of Life.- 10.2 Importance of Quality of Life Assessment.- 10.3 Measurement of Quality of Life.- 10.4 Conclusion.- 10.5 Examples of Quality of Life Scale Items.- 10.5.1 Social Functioning.- 10.5.2 Physical Functioning.- 10.5.3 Emotional Functioning.- 10.5.4 Intellectual Functioning.- 10.5.5 General Well-being.- Further Reading.- 11 Decision Analysis.- 11.1 Definition of Decision Analysis.- 11.2 Bayes' Theorem.- 11.3 Decision Trees.- 11.4 Sensitivity Analysis.- 11.5 Markov Processes.- 11.6 Conclusion.- Further Reading.- 12 Utility Analysis in Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 12.1 Cost-Utility Analysis and Health State Utilities.- 12.2 Methods for Assessing Health State Utilities.- Further Reading.- 13 Background on Statistics: Fundamental Concepts.- 13.1 Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion.- 13.2 Hypothesis Testing.- 13.3 Statistical Significance.- 13.4 Type I and Type II Error.- 13.5 Power.- 13.6 Sample Size.- Further Reading.- 14 Basic Analytica Techniques.- 14.1 Levels of Measurement.- 14.2 Parametric and Nonparametric Tests.- 14.3 Commonly Used Statistical Techniques.- 14.3.1 t-Test.- 14.3.2 Analysis of Variance.- 14.3.3 Chi-square Test.- 14.3.4 Correlation Analysis.- 14.3.5 Ordinary Least Squares Regression.- References.- Postscript: Successful Socioeconomic Evaluation of Health Care Services.- Curriculum Vitae of Authors.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Standards for the Socioeconomic Evaluation of Health Care Services
Éditeur:
Auteur:
Code EAN: 9783642754920
ISBN: 978-3-642-75492-0
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Editeur: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Genre: Médecine
nombre de pages: 204
Poids: 357g
Taille: H242mm x B170mm x T11mm
Année: 2011
Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1990

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