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Standards for the Socioeconomic Evaluation of Health Care Services

  • Couverture cartonnée
  • 204 Nombre de pages
Texte du rabat This book has been designed to provide a lucid introduction to socioeconomic evaluations, which include cost-benefi... Lire la suite
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Texte du rabat

This book has been designed to provide a lucid introduction to socioeconomic evaluations, which include cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis as well as quality of life studies. It describes the rationale and methods of socioeconomic evaluations, covering both theoretical and practical issues in a way that can be easily understood and applied. A theme that runs throughout the book is the application of these techniques to pharmaceuticals, however, the principles and methods are universal and are not limited to this application.


Socioeconomic Evaluations: an Executive Summary.- I: Guidelines for the Evaluator.- 1 Introduction to Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Brief History of Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 1.3 Compromises and Choices in Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 1.4 Why Socioeconomic Evaluations Are Performed.- 1.5 Organization of the Text.- 2 Concepts in Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Generating Socioeconomic Hypotheses.- 2.3 Socioeconomic Concepts.- 2.3.1 Costs.- 2.3.2 Consequences.- 2.3.3 Marginal Analysis.- 2.4 Discounting and the Dimension of Time.- 2.5 Conclusion.- 3 Types of Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Types of Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 3.2.1 Cost-Benefit Analysis.- 3.2.2 Cost-Utility Analysis.- 3.2.3 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.- 3.2.4 Cost-Minimization Analysis.- 3.2.5 Cost of Illness Studies.- 3.2.6 Quality of Life Studies.- 3.2.7 Budgetary Analysis.- 3.3 Conclusion.- 4 Framework of the Evaluation.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Defining the Research Question.- 4.3 The Perspective.- 4.3.1 The Perspective of Society.- 4.3.2 The Perspective of the Third Party Payer.- 4.3.3 The Perspective of the Health Care Provider.- 4.3.4 The Patient's Perspective.- 4.3.5 Perspective: An Overview.- 4.4 The Alternatives.- 4.4.1 The Research Question: An Overview.- 4.5 Pathways of Clinical Management.- 4.6 Conclusion.- 5 Assessing Costs.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Types of Costs.- 5.3 Determinants of the Types of Costs To Incorporate into Analysis.- 5.3.1 Type of Analysis.- 5.3.2 Alternatives.- 5.3.3 Perspective.- 5.4 Process of Identifying Costs.- 5.5 Assigning Monetary Values to Resources.- 5.6 Monetary Valuation of Consequences.- 5.7 Specific Types of Costs.- 5.8 Common Problems in Estimating Costs.- 5.9 Conclusion.- 6 Assessing Consequences.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Types of Consequences.- 6.2.1 Clinical Consequences.- 6.2.2 Psychosocial Consequences.- 6.2.3 Economic Consequences.- 6.3 Determinants of Which Consequences Are Included in an Analysis.- 6.3.1 Type of Study.- 6.3.2 Research Question.- 6.3.3 Perspective.- 6.4 Medication Compliance.- 6.5 Conclusion.- 7 Adjusting Costs and Consequences.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Discounting.- 7.3 Sensitivity Analysis.- 7.4 Conclusion.- 8 Issues in Study Design.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Measurement of Consequences.- 8.3 Dimensions of Study Design.- 8.3.1 Prospective Studies.- 8.3.2 Pre-test Post-test Design.- 8.3.3 Quasi-experimental Designs.- 8.3.4 Variations on Prospective Studies.- 8.3.5 Retrospective Studies.- 8.4 Modeling.- 8.5 Conclusion.- 9 How To Assess a Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Guide for Evaluating Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 9.3 Case Study 1.- 9.4 Case Study 2.- II: Technical Aspects.- 10 Quality of Life Assessment in Socioeconomic Evaluations.- 10.1 Definition of Quality of Life.- 10.2 Importance of Quality of Life Assessment.- 10.3 Measurement of Quality of Life.- 10.4 Conclusion.- 10.5 Examples of Quality of Life Scale Items.- 10.5.1 Social Functioning.- 10.5.2 Physical Functioning.- 10.5.3 Emotional Functioning.- 10.5.4 Intellectual Functioning.- 10.5.5 General Well-being.- Further Reading.- 11 Decision Analysis.- 11.1 Definition of Decision Analysis.- 11.2 Bayes' Theorem.- 11.3 Decision Trees.- 11.4 Sensitivity Analysis.- 11.5 Markov Processes.- 11.6 Conclusion.- Further Reading.- 12 Utility Analysis in Socioeconomic Evaluation.- 12.1 Cost-Utility Analysis and Health State Utilities.- 12.2 Methods for Assessing Health State Utilities.- Further Reading.- 13 Background on Statistics: Fundamental Concepts.- 13.1 Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion.- 13.2 Hypothesis Testing.- 13.3 Statistical Significance.- 13.4 Type I and Type II Error.- 13.5 Power.- 13.6 Sample Size.- Further Reading.- 14 Basic Analytica Techniques.- 14.1 Levels of Measurement.- 14.2 Parametric and Nonparametric Tests.- 14.3 Commonly Used Statistical Techniques.- 14.3.1 t-Test.- 14.3.2 Analysis of Variance.- 14.3.3 Chi-square Test.- 14.3.4 Correlation Analysis.- 14.3.5 Ordinary Least Squares Regression.- References.- Postscript: Successful Socioeconomic Evaluation of Health Care Services.- Curriculum Vitae of Authors.

Informations sur le produit

Titre: Standards for the Socioeconomic Evaluation of Health Care Services
Code EAN: 9783642754920
ISBN: 978-3-642-75492-0
Format: Couverture cartonnée
Editeur: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Genre: Médecine
nombre de pages: 204
Poids: 357g
Taille: H242mm x B170mm x T11mm
Année: 2011
Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1990


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