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Lie Algebras and Algebraic Groups

  • Kartonierter Einband
  • 672 Seiten
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The theory of groups and Lie algebras is interesting for many reasons. In the mathematical viewpoint, it employs at the same time ... Weiterlesen
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The theory of groups and Lie algebras is interesting for many reasons. In the mathematical viewpoint, it employs at the same time algebra, analysis and geometry. On the other hand, it intervenes in other areas of science, in particularindi?erentbranchesofphysicsandchemistry.Itisanactivedomain of current research. Oneofthedi?cultiesthatgraduatestudentsormathematiciansinterested in the theory come across, is the fact that the theory has very much advanced, andconsequently,theyneedtoreadavastamountofbooksandarticlesbefore they could tackle interesting problems. One of the goals we wish to achieve with this book is to assemble in a single volume the basis of the algebraic aspects of the theory of groups and Lie algebras. More precisely, we have presented the foundation of the study of ?nite-dimensional Lie algebras over an algebraically closed ?eld of characteristic zero. Here, the geometrical aspect is fundamental, and consequently, we need to use the notion of algebraic groups. One of the main di?erences between this book and many other books on the subject is that we give complete proofs for the relationships between algebraic groups and Lie algebras, instead of admitting them. We have also given the proofs of certain results on commutative al- bra and algebraic geometry that we needed so as to make this book as se- contained as possible. We believe that in this way, the book can be useful for both graduate students and mathematicians working in this area. Let us give a brief description of the material treated in this book.

Devoted to the theory of Lie algebras and algebraic groups

Includes a considerable amount of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry so as to make the book as self-contained as possible

Includes all the material required (basic and advanced) for studying the theory of Lie algebras and algebraic groups

Includes detailed proofs

Moreover, also includes some new and unpublished results

The theory of Lie algebras and algebraic groups has been an area of active research for the last 50 years. This book assembles in a single volume the algebraic aspects of the theory, so as to present the foundations of the theory in characteristic zero. Detailed proofs are included and some recent results are discussed in the final chapters. All the prerequisites on commutative algebra and algebraic geometry are included.

Preface 1. Results on topological spaces 1.1 Irreducible sets and spaces 1.2 Dimension 1.3 Noetherian spaces 1.4 Constructible sets 1.5 Gluing topological spaces 2. Rings and modules 2.1 Ideals 2.2 Prime and maximal ideals 2.3 Rings of fractions and localization 2.4 Localization of modules 2.5 Radical of an ideal 2.6 Local rings 2.7 Noetherian rings and modules 2.8 Derivations 2.9 Module of differentials 3. Integral extensions 3.1 Integral dependence 3.2 Integrally closed rings 3.3 Extensions of prime ideals 4. Factorial rings 4.1 Generalities 4.2 Unique factorization 4.3 Principal ideal domains and Euclidean domains 4.4 Polynomial and factorial rings 4.5 Symmetric polynomials 4.6 Resultant and discriminant 5. Field extensions 5.1 Extensions 5.2 Algebraic and transcendental elements 5.3 Algebraic extensions 5.4 Transcendence basis 5.5 Norm and trace 5.6 Theorem of the primitive element 5.7 Going Down Theorem 5.8 Fields and derivations 5.9 Conductor 6. Finitely generated algebras 6.1 Dimension 6.2 Noether's Normalization Theorem 6.3 Krull's Principal Ideal Theorem 6.4 Maximal ideals 6.5 Zariski topology 7. Gradings and filtrations 7.1 Graded rings and graded modules 7.2 Graded submodules 7.3 Applications 7.4 Filtrations 7.5 Grading associated to a filtration 8. Inductive limits 8.1 Generalities 8.2 Inductive systems of maps 8.3 Inductive systems of magmas, groups and rings 8.4 An example 8.5 Inductive systems of algebras 9. Sheaves of functions 9.1 Sheaves 9.2 Morphisms 9.3 Sheaf associated to a presheaf 9.4 Gluing 9.5 Ringed space 10. Jordan decomposition and some basic results on groups 10.1 Jordan decomposition 10.2 Generalities on groups 10.3 Commutators 10.4 Solvable groups 10.5 Nilpotent groups 10.6 Group actions 10.7 Generalities on representations 10.8 Examples 11. Algebraic sets 11.1 Affine algebraic sets 11.2 Zariski topology 11.3 Regular functions 11.4 Morphisms 11.5 Examples of morphisms 11.6 Abstract algebraic sets 11.7 Principal open subsets 11.8 Products of algebraic sets 12. Prevarieties and varieties 12.1 Structure sheaf 12.2 Algebraic prevarieties 12.3 Morphisms of prevarieties 12.4 Products of prevarieties 12.5 Algebraic varieties 12.6 Gluing 12.7 Rational functions 12.8 Local rings of a variety 13. Projective varieties 13.1 Projective spaces 13.2 Projective spaces and varieties 13.3 Cones and projective varieties 13.4 Complete varieties 13.5 Products 13.6 Grassmannian variety 14. Dimension 14.1 Dimension of varieties 14.2 Dimension and the number of equations 14.3 System of parameters 14.4 Counterexamples 15. Morphisms


Titel: Lie Algebras and Algebraic Groups
EAN: 9783642063336
ISBN: 3642063330
Format: Kartonierter Einband
Herausgeber: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Anzahl Seiten: 672
Gewicht: 1001g
Größe: H235mm x B155mm x T35mm
Jahr: 2010
Auflage: Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2005

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