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Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neuronal Plasticity

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  • 242 Seiten
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Proceedings of the Neuroscience Symposium held in Staten Island of The City University of New York, and The CSI/IBR Center for Dev... Weiterlesen
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Proceedings of the Neuroscience Symposium held in Staten Island of The City University of New York, and The CSI/IBR Center for Developmental Neuroscience, Staten Island, NY, and The City University Graduate School, New York City

Numerous studies have proven the biological basis of memory formation and have begun to identify the biochemical traces and cellular circuits that are formed by experience, and which participate int the storage of information in the brain, its retention for long durations, and its retrieval upon demand. Cells in the nervous system have the capability of undergoing extremely long-lasting alterations in response to hormonal, pharmacological, and environmental stimulations. The mechanisms underlying this neuronal plasticity are activated by experiential inputs and operate in the process of learning and the formation of memories in the brain. This volume presents research areas which have not been highlighted in the past. In addition to studies on the involement of functional proteins in neuronal adaptation, this volume presents recent developments on the critical roles of bioactive lipids and nucleotides in these processes. In addition to the widely studied role of second messengers, a review of studies on extracellular phosphorylation systems operating on the surface of brain neurons is presented.The first section of the volume presents studies of basic mechanisms operating in a wide range of adaptive processes. The second section presents recent advances in investigations that have demonstrated the clinical implications of this research. These include: state of the art use of transgenic models in studies of molecular and cellular mechanisms implicated in familial Alzheimer's disease and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; studies of specific proteins implicated in Alzheimer's disease, including an adapter that binds to the beta-amyloid precurser protein (beta-APP) and the microtubular protein Tau and its membrane-bound counterpart. The advantages of using cell culture models for elucidating the causes of neuronal degeneration and for identifying mechanisms of neuroprotection are also presented among the chapters in the section on clinical implications.


Basic Mechanisms of Neuronal Plasticity: Molecular Specificity of Synaptic Changes Responsible for Associative Memory; D. Alkon. Behavioral and Mechanistic Bases of Long-Term Habituation in the Crab Chasmagnathus; D. Tomsic, et al. Bioactive Lipids and Gene Expression in Neuronal Plasticity; N.G. Bazan. Surface Protein Phosphorylation by Ecto-Protein Kinases: Role in Neuronal Development and Synaptic Plasticity; Y.H. Ehrlich, et al. Extracellular ATP-Induced Apoptosis in PC12 Cells; A.Y. Sun, Y.M. Chen. The Role of the Neural Growth Associated Protein B-50/GAP-43 in Morphogenesis; L.H.J. Aarts, et al. Clinical Implications: Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Alzheimer's Disease: Transgenic Models; P.C. Wong, et al. Proteins Implicated in Alzheimer's Disease: The Role of FE65, a New Adapter Which Binds to beta-Amyloid Precursor Protein; K.S. Ermekova, et al. Influence of Phospholipids and Sequential Kinase Activities on Tau in Vitro; T.B. Shea, F.J. Ekinci. Cell Culturel Models of Neuronal Degeneration and Neuroprotection: Implications for Parkinson's Disease; E.T.K. Leonardi, C. Mytillineou. Aging and Dementia of the Alzheimer Type in Persons with Mental Retardation; H.M. Wisniewski, W. Silverman. 2 additional articles. Index.


Titel: Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neuronal Plasticity
Untertitel: Basic and Clinical Implications
EAN: 9780306460401
ISBN: 0306460408
Format: Fester Einband
Herausgeber: Springer US
Genre: Medizin
Anzahl Seiten: 242
Gewicht: 532g
Größe: H241mm x B160mm x T18mm
Jahr: 1999
Auflage: 1998

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